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Lesnaya Varaka Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Lesnaya Varaka MassifMassif
Murmansk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
67° 23' North , 33° 4' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast


Ultramafic alkaline complex

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
Kola Peninsula, Murmansk Oblast, RussiaPeninsula
Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/RussiaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2012
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Natroniobite (TL)
Formula: NaNbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Perovskite var: Dysanalyte
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Natroniobite (TL)4.CC.30NaNbO3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Dysanalyte4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyrochlore'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Natroniobite (TL)4.3.4.1NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Perovskite
var: Dysanalyte
-CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O NatroniobiteNaNbO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
O BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnataseTiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na NatroniobiteNaNbO3
Na BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
NbNiobium
Nb NatroniobiteNaNbO3
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
PtPlatinum
Pt TetraferroplatinumPtFe

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Devonian : 381 ± 9 Ma to 380 ± 7 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)380 ± 7 Ma
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)381 ± 9 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.


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