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Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spaini
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Berbes Mining areaArea
Ribadesella- not defined -
Asturias- not defined -
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The main(still visible)entrance in Mai 2012

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main still visible entrance of the underground mine in Mai 2012,between La Cabana/El Frondil and Cueto l'Aspa.

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main still visible entrance of the underground mine in Mai 2012,between La Cabana/El Frondil and Cueto l'Aspa.

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main(still visible)entrance in Mai 2012

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main still visible entrance of the underground mine in Mai 2012,between La Cabana/El Frondil and Cueto l'Aspa.

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main still visible entrance of the underground mine in Mai 2012,between La Cabana/El Frondil and Cueto l'Aspa.

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main(still visible)entrance in Mai 2012

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
The main still visible entrance of the underground mine in Mai 2012,between La Cabana/El Frondil and Cueto l'Aspa.

Berbes Mining area, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
Name(s) in local language(s):Minas de Berbes, Ribadesella, Asturies, España
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 28' 49'' North , 5° 9' 7'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.48028,-5.15194
GeoHash:G#: ezsr6g26y
Locality type:Area
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


From the 1930s this area was operated by several underfinanced entrepeneurs and companies. The first trials were made by two pioneers of fluorite mining in Asturias: Celestino Llaneza, advised by Frédéric Edward Otlet Dewolf, who first extracted the mineral in the area known as 'El Taraniello' and afterwards collected the detrital fluorite accumulated by erosion and the sea washing the surfacing veins in the Frondil area. Simultaneously the company owned by Federico Lipperheide Henke operated the central southern part of the most important vein in this area: the 'Ana' vein. After 1939, when the Spanish Civil War finished, Enrique Fernández Alberdi came on stage, claiming the following concessions between 1940 and 1942 : Rosario, Ampliación a Rosario, Concha, Leonor y Tere and soon after he sold them to Aldecoa Co. This company operated the northern area of the Ana vein and the parallel associated veins, NW-SE orientation, by underground mining. These mining works are made along the mineral concentrations without any ground support, which caused the collapse of the galleries and the bankruptcy of Aldecoa and Co. in 1949, the same year in which Minersa started deepening the main pit of the Ana mine on the N-634 road, km. 9.
Then the mining concessions passed into the hands of the creditors of Aldecoa, who set up a company with 50% of the capital belonging to the German consortium Fluor-Chemie. The new mine, called Vulcano, was operated for fluorspar through a gallery dug in the Frondil area until 1962. The mining concessions on which this deposit was located and the treatment plant, using gravity with manual fluting, built for processing in the village of Barredo were acquired by Minersa in that year. From that date this company became the main one in the Berbes mining area. The rest of the existing companies, like the company owned by Saturno Barro or ‘Minera Togar’, that operated the ‘Coto minero Pilar’, sold their crude production to Minersa for concentration in the plant that company had in the village of Torre. Finally, in 1979, they closed down definitively and Minerales y Productos Derivados S.A. acquired all their assets.

By 1970 Minersa developed a range of explorations in the area led by geologists and mining engineers trained in the German university of Clausthal. The data obtained from these drillings lead to the opening of the Cueto L’Aspa open pit and the beginning of mining in one emblematic area for Spanish and international mineralogy from then to nowadays: La Cabaña. The associations between blue-violet Fluorite cubes and Baryte crystals and the double-terminated Quartz crystals with multiphase inclusions that appear in this enclave are coveted specimens for collectors.
From a mineralogical point of view, the paragenesis from the whole Ana Mine area (La Cabaña, El Frondil, El Cueto L’Aspa and la Busteriza) is composed of: Fluorite, baryte, quartz, calcite as well as highly localized carbonates such as azurite and malachite, oxides such as goethite, sulfides such as pyrite and some others, much more scarce, like cinnabar and tetrahedrite.

Fluorite in Triassic limestone (except for Cuetu L'Aspa where fluorite occurs in silicified limestone of Carboniferous age).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: IGLESIAS, J. G., & LOREDO, J. (1994). Geological, geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of the Asturias Fluorspar District, Northern Spain. Exploration & Mining Geology Journal, 3, 31-37.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Stink-Fluss
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p260.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p244.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrobitumen' ?
Reference: Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p114.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2016). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VIII.Cuarzo y otros minerales de la sílice. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 399 págs
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Faint smoky zones. Dichroic.
Description: Clear, double terminated crystals with hydrocarbon inclusions and faint smoky color zones. The smoky color shows the typical dichroism of smoky quartz in polarized light.
Reference: Amir Akhavan Collection
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p260.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: IGLESIAS, J. G., & LOREDO, J. (1994). Geological, geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of the Asturias Fluorspar District, Northern Spain. Exploration & Mining Geology Journal, 3, 31-37.
'Tetrahedrite Group'
Formula: A12D4X13
Reference: Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p260.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Stink-Fluss3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Pyrobitumen' ?-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetrahedrite Group'-A12D4X13

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Fluorite
var: Stink-Fluss
-CaF2
'Pyrobitumen' ?-
Quartz
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetrahedrite Group'-A12D4X13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Quartz (var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Stink-Fluss)CaF2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorite (var: Stink-Fluss)CaF2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- The Mineralogical Record: 23: 69-76.
- Calvo, M. (2006) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III. Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava. 267 pp.
- Calvo, G. y Calvo, M. (2006). Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. En: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42.
- Gutiérrez, M., Luque, C., García, J.R. y Rodríguez, L.M. (2009). La Fluorita. Un Siglo de Minería de Asturias. Universidad de Oviedo.565 pp.
- Locker, H. (2011): Ans Meer zu den Fluoriten Nordspaniens. Lapis 36 (4), 15-19 (in German).

Localities in this Region
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