Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Madison Co., Montana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Madison Co.County
MontanaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ennis884 (2017)
Sheridan677 (2017)
Twin Bridges394 (2017)
Virginia City199 (2017)
Harrison137 (2011)
Pony118 (2011)
Other Languages:
French:
comté de Madison, Montana, États-Unis
German:
Madison County, Montana, Vereinigte Staaten
Italian:
contea di Madison, Montana, Stati Uniti d'America
Russian:
Мадисон, Монтана, Соединённые Штаты Америки
Simplified Chinese:
麥迪遜縣 , 蒙大拿州, 美国
Spanish:
Condado de Madison, Montana, Estados Unidos
Albanian:
Madison County , Montana, Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës
Arabic:
مقاطعة ماديسون, مونتانا, الولايات المتحدة
Armenian:
Մեդիսոն շրջան, Մոնտանա, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Basque:
Madison konderria , Montana
Bavarian:
Madison County, Montana, Vaoanigte Stootn
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
মেডিশন কাউন্টি, মন্টানা, তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Bulgarian:
Мадисън, Монтана, Съединени американски щати
Cebuano:
Madison County , Montana
Dutch:
Madison County, Montana, Verenigde Staten
Estonian:
Madisoni maakond , Montana, Ameerika Ühendriigid
Farsi/Persian:
شهرستان مدیسون، ایالت مونتانا, مونتانا, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Georgian:
მედისონის ოლქი, მონტანა, ამერიკის შეერთებული შტატები
Hungarian:
Madison megye, Montana, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Japanese:
マディソン郡, モンタナ州, アメリカ合衆国
Low Saxon/Low German:
Madison County, Montana, USA
Min Dong Chinese:
Madison Gông, Montana
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Madison Kūn
Norwegian:
Madison County, Montana, USA
Polish:
Hrabstwo Madison, Montana, Stany Zjednoczone
Portuguese:
Condado de Madison, Montana, Estados Unidos
Romanian:
Comitatul Madison, Montana, Statele Unite ale Americii
Sardinian:
contea de Madison, Montana, Istados Unidos de Amèrica
Scottish Gaelic:
Madison County, Montana, Na Stàitean Aonaichte
Serbian:
Округ Медисон , Монтана, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Serbo-Croatian:
Madison County, Montana, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Swedish:
Madison County, Montana, USA
Traditional Chinese:
麥迪遜縣, 蒙大拿州, 美國
Turkish:
Madison, Montana, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
Ukrainian:
Медісон, Монтана, Сполучені Штати Америки
Urdu:
میڈیسن کاؤنٹی، مونٹانا, مونٹانا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
Vietnamese:
Quận Madison, Montana, Chủng Quốc Hoa Kỳ
Waray:
Condado han Madison, Montana, Estados Unidos
Western Punjabi:
میڈیسن کاؤنٹی،مونٹانا, مونٹانا, امریکہ


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

130 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Graham and Robertson (1951)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: MBMG IC-24(Reid,1958)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS Bull 574
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cervelleite ?
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
'Chabazite'
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist 50:292-293
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Heinrich (Pegmatites of Montana, Economic Geology, Vol. 44, No. 4, June-July 1949)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Copper Stain'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: USGS Bull 269
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: USGS Bull 269
Corundum var: Star Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Heinrich (Pegmatites of Montana, Economic Geology, Vol. 44, No. 4, June-July 1949)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Am Min 50:2083-2088
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Graham and Robertson (1951)
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Hanbook of Mineralogy
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Burger, H.R. et. al. (2004) Geology and geochemistry of the Spuhler Peak metamorphic suite: in Precambrian Geology of the Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana: Geological Society of America Special Paper 377: 47-70
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 114 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Immega, I. P. and Klein, C. (1976) Mineralogy and petrology of some metamorphic Precambrian iron-formations in southwestern Montana. American Mineralogist, 61, 1111-1144.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Heinrich (Pegmatites of Montana, Economic Geology, Vol. 44, No. 4, June-July 1949)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Heinrich (Pegmatites of Montana, Economic Geology, Vol. 44, No. 4, June-July 1949)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1990) 85:585-600
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Richard Gibson collection
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Chris Tucker
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: USGS Bull 574
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Auriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 95 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS Bull 574
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Onyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Immega, I. P. and Klein, C. (1976) Mineralogy and petrology of some metamorphic Precambrian iron-formations in southwestern Montana. American Mineralogist, 61, 1111-1144.
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: USGS Bull 574
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Heinrich (Pegmatites of Montana, Economic Geology, Vol. 44, No. 4, June-July 1949)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: USGS Bull 574
'Tiger's Eye'
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; American Mineralogist 50:292-293
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wad'
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: USGS OFR 1945-34
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: USGS Bull 574

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Benleonardite2.LA.50[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cervelleite ?2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Auriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Ecdemite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Onyx4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Calderónite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tiger's Eye'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Benleonardite3.1.10.1[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Ecdemite46.2.1.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calderónite-Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Cervelleite ?-Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Ruby-Al2O3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2