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Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USAi
Regional Level Types
Plainfield- not defined -
Hampshire Co.County
MassachusettsState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Connecticut Valley Mineral Club
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 30' 55'' North , 72° 55' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cummington995 (2017)6.2km
Hawley342 (2017)6.3km
Ashfield1,831 (2017)10.6km
Savoy717 (2017)10.8km
Windsor890 (2017)11.6km


Plainfield was a district within the town of Cummington beginning in 1785, and was officially incorporated as a town in 1807.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

52 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Hickmott, Donald D. (1982). The mineralogy and petrology of the Betts mine area, Plainfield, Massachusetts: Unpublished B. S. thesis: Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, p. 62
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Habit: trapezohedral
Colour: burgundy to orange-brown
Description: Probably the best "species" to list most crystals under that have not been analyzed as they cannot be reliably differentiated visually.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Description: No data in the source reference. Is there a reference that proves this species?
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Birnessite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Description: Kim (1991) re-investigated a mineral originally described as birnessite by Frondel et. al (1960) and determined it to be takaelite. Ref.: Kim, Soo Jin (1991). New characterization of takanelite (American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1426-1430)
Reference: Kim, Soo Jin (1991). New characterization of takanelite (American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1426-1430); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Calcite ?
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); Plante, Alan (1992): Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities (Valley Geology Press)
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Chloritoid ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); Plante, Alan (1992): Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities (Valley Geology Press)
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Habit: radiating, bladed aggregates
Colour: black
Fluorescence: none
Description: radiating, bladed aggregates reaching over 5 cm
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992. Former Alfred Patrie collection.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: No specifics in reference. Is the gold from nearby alluvium?
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hickmott, Donald D. (1982). The mineralogy and petrology of the Betts mine area, Plainfield, Massachusetts: Unpublished B. S. thesis: Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, p. 38.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Plante, Alan (1992): Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities (Valley Geology Press)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992; Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Schallerite
Formula: Mn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Habit: parallel aggregates of tabular crystals
Colour: pale yellow
Description: In a vein in coarse gneiss, crystals to 2 cm tall.
Reference: Ted Johnson collection
Takanelite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Reference: Kim, Soo Jin (1991). New characterization of takanelite (American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1426-1430)
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite ?4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Takanelite4.FL.40(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite ?5.AB.05CaCO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Alleghanyite9.AF.45Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Bafertisite9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Chloritoid ?9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schallerite9.EE.15Mn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17
Sonolite9.AF.55Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite ?7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Takanelite7.10.1.2(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite ?14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Alleghanyite52.3.2b.1Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Chloritoid ?52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Sonolite52.3.2d.3Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Bafertisite56.2.6b.1Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Schallerite72.4.1a.3Mn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H SchalleriteMn162+As3Si12O36(OH)17
H SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
H AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
CCarbon
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RutileTiO2
O SchalleriteMn162+As3Si12O36(OH)17
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
O AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
FFluorine
F BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchalleriteMn162+As3Si12O36(OH)17
Si SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SchalleriteMn162+As3Si12O36(OH)17
Mn SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Mn AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
FeIron
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As SchalleriteMn162+As3Si12O36(OH)17
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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