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Botswanai
Regional Level Types
BotswanaCountry

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Key
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Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Geological map of Botswana

Botswana
Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Geological map of Botswana

Botswana
Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Botswana agate locality

Botswana
Name in French:Botswana
Name in German:Botswana
Name in Italian:Botswana
Name in Russian:Ботсвана
Name in Simplified Chinese:波札那
Name in Spanish:Botsuana
Name in Afrikaans:Botswana
Name in Albanian:Bocvana
Name in Arabic:بوتسوانا
Name in Belarusian:Батсвана
Name in Bulgarian:Ботсвана
Name in Catalan:Botswana
Name in Czech:Botswana
Name in Danish:Botswana
Name in Dutch:Botswana
Name in Estonian:Botswana
Name in Farsi/Persian:بوتسوانا
Name in Finnish:Botswana
Name in Galician:Botswana
Name in Greek:Μποτσουάνα
Name in Hebrew:בוטסואנה
Name in Hindi:बोत्सवाना
Name in Hungarian:Botswana
Name in Icelandic:Botsvana
Name in Indonesian:Botswana
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Bhotsuáin
Name in Japanese:ボツワナ
Name in Korean:보츠와나
Name in Latvian:Botsvana
Name in Lithuanian:Botsvana
Name in Macedonian:Боцвана
Name in Norwegian:Botswana
Name in Polish:Botswana
Name in Portuguese:Botswana
Name in Romanian:Botswana
Name in Serbian:Боцвана
Name in Slovak:Botswana
Name in Slovenian:Bocvana
Name in Swahili:Botswana
Name in Swedish:Botswana
Name in Tagalog:Botswana
Name in Thai:บอตสวานา
Name in Turkish:Botsvana
Name in Ukrainian:Ботсвана
Name in Vietnamese:Botswana
Name in Welsh:Botswana
Area:581,730 km2
Locality type:Country


Botswana is divided into nine districts (sometimes referred to as regions), and these are further subdivided into lower-level districts (sometimes referred to as sub-districts or administrative districts).

Regions containing this locality

African Plate

Plate - 0 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

82 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 30.
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Basalt'
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
'Breccia'
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Calcrete'
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Diamond
Formula: C
'commodity:Diamond'
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
'Dolerite'
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freudenbergite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glushinskite
Formula: Mg(C2O4) · 2H2O
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
'Granite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Gwihabaite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)NO3
Reference: [Bull. South African Speleological Assoc., 36, 19–21.; AmMin 84:194]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: AmMin 73:651-656
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
'Hornblende'
'Hydrogarnet'
Ice-VII (TL)
Formula: H2O
Reference: Tschauner, O., Greenberg, E., Prakapenka, V., Ma, C. and Tait, K. (2017) Ice-VII, IMA 2017-029. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1036; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038. ; Tschauner, O., S. Huang, E. Greenberg, V. B. Pakapenka, C. Ma, G. R. Rossman, A. H. Shen, D. Zhang, M. Newville, A. Lanzirotti, K. Tait (2018) Ice-VII inclusions in diamonds: Evidence for aqueous fluid in Earth’s deep mantle. Science 09 MAR 2018 : 1136-1139.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
'Kimberlite'
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Kudryavtsevaite (TL)
Formula: Na3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Reference: Anashkin, S., Bovkun, A., Bindi, L., Garanin, V., & Litvin, Y. (2013). Kudryavtsevaite, Na3MgFe3+ Ti4O12, a new kimberlitic mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(3), 327-334.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
'Paragneiss'
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Preiswerkite
Formula: NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS (2011) Minerals Yearbook - Botswana
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: USGS (2011) Minerals Yearbook - Botswana
Quartz var: Botswana Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Windisch, H. 1979 Polishing material in southern Africa: Lapidary Journal, v. 33, no. 1, p. 18-20, 24-30.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: USGS (2011) Minerals Yearbook - Botswana
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rheniite
Formula: ReS2
'Sandstone'
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Serpentinite'
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rheniite2.EB.35ReS2
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Freudenbergite4.CC.10Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Picroilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Botswana Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Gwihabaite (TL)5.NA.15(NH4,K)NO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Biphosphammite8.AD.15(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Dittmarite8.CH.20(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Preiswerkite9.EC.20NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Glushinskite10.AB.10Mg(C2O4) · 2H2O
Weddellite10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Amphibolite-
Basalt-
Bravoite-(Fe,Ni)S2
Breccia-
Calcrete-
Chlorite Group-
Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)-
Clinoptilolite-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Dolerite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Feldspar Group-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gneiss-
Granite-
Hornblende-
Hydrogarnet-
Högbomite-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ice-VII (TL)-H2O
Kimberlite-
Kudryavtsevaite (TL)-Na3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Paragneiss-
Psilomelane-
Sandstone-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Serpentinite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Temagamite2.6.5.1Pd3HgTe3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
AB8X16
Freudenbergite7.9.3.1Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Biphosphammite37.1.4.1(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Dittmarite40.1.2.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Glushinskite50.1.3.2Mg(C2O4) · 2H2O
Weddellite50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Preiswerkite71.2.2b.15NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'-
'Basalt'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Breccia'-
'Calcrete'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Dolerite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gneiss'-
'Granite'-
Gwihabaite (TL)-(NH4,K)NO3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogarnet'-
Ice-VII (TL)-H2O
Ilmenite
var: Picroilmenite
-(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
'Kimberlite'-
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
Kudryavtsevaite (TL)-Na3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Paragneiss'-
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Botswana Agate-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
Rheniite-ReS2
'Sandstone'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Serpentinite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gwihabaite(NH4,K)NO3
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Ice-VIIH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
BBoron
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
NNitrogen
N Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
N Gwihabaite(NH4,K)NO3
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
O Quartz (var: Botswana Agate)SiO2
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Gwihabaite(NH4,K)NO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Ice-VIIH2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KudryavtsevaiteNa3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
O PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Na KudryavtsevaiteNa3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2O
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg KudryavtsevaiteNa3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Mg PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Botswana Agate)SiO2
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
P Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
SSulfur
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RheniiteReS2
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
K Gwihabaite(NH4,K)NO3
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SylviteKCl
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti KudryavtsevaiteNa3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe KudryavtsevaiteNa3(Mg,Fe)(Fe,Ti)2Ti3O12
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RhRhodium
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd PotaritePdHg
Pd TemagamitePd3HgTe3
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te TemagamitePd3HgTe3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
ReRhenium
Re RheniiteReS2
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg PotaritePdHg
Hg TemagamitePd3HgTe3
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Smale, D. (1968) The occurrence of clinoptilolite in pan sediments in the Nata area, Northern Botswana. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, volume 71, 147-152.
Cole, M.M. and Le Roex, H.D. (1978) The role of geobotany, biogeochemistry and geochemistry in mineral exploration in South West Africa and Botswana - a case history. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, volume 81, 277-317.
Schlegel, G.C.J., von Harmse, H.J. and Brunke, O. (1989) Granulometric and mineralogical characteristics of the Kalahari sands of southern Africa. South African Journal of Geology, volume 92, 207-222.
Shaw, P.A., Cooke, H.J. and Perry, C.C. (1990) Microbialitic silcretes in highly alkaline environments: some observations from Sua Pan, Botswana. South African Journal of Geology, volume 93, 803-808.

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Localities in this Region
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Some regions, for example mining districts and mountain ranges, cut across political boundaries and do fit neatly into the standard locality hierarchy. This list includes regions that overlap this region in part if not fully.

Kalahari Desert, Africa

Desert - 259 mineral species & varietal names listed

Transvaal, South Africa

Province (Former) - 838 mineral species & varietal names listed

The following list is the regular hierarchical locality list for this region.


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