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Raahe, North Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
RaaheMunicipality
North OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Ylivieska, Northern Finland Region, Finland , Pohjois Suomen alue (Norra Finlands region), Suomi
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Municipality
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Vihanti


A city and municipality in the Northern Finland region. Contains the previous municipality of Vihanti, which was merged into Raahe on 1 January 2013.
A municipality in the Northern Finland Region

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

56 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Berdesinskiite
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
'K Feldspar'
Kyzylkumite
Formula: V3+Ti2O5(OH)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
Shcherbinaite
Formula: V5+2O5
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vuorelainenite
Formula: Mn2+V3+2O4
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Antimony'1.CA.05Sb
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Berthierite'2.HA.20FeSb2S4
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Breithauptite'2.CC.05NiSb
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gudmundite'2.EB.20FeSbS
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nisbite2.EB.15aNiSb2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Berdesinskiite'4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Coulsonite'4.BB.05Fe2+V3+2O4
'Gahnite'4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Kyzylkumite4.CB.75V3+Ti2O5(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Shcherbinaite4.HE.10V5+2O5
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vuorelainenite4.BB.05Mn2+V3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Celsian'9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Dumortierite'9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
K Feldspar-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nisbite2.12.2.13NiSb2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Miscellaneous
Shcherbinaite4.6.1.1V5+2O5
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Coulsonite7.2.4.2Fe2+V3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Vuorelainenite7.2.4.1Mn2+V3+2O4
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B3O9
Kyzylkumite8.4.1.3V3+Ti2O5(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
BBoron
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O ShcherbinaiteV25+O5
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
Ti KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
V CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)
V ShcherbinaiteV25+O5
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
V VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
MnManganese
Mn VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni NisbiteNiSb2
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb NisbiteNiSb2
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Localities in this Region
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