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Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
SuomussalmiMunicipality
KainuuRegion
FinlandCountry

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Suomussalmi9,974 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlande
German:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finnland
Italian:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandia
Russian:
Суомуссалми, Кайнуу, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
苏奥穆斯萨尔米, 凱努區, 芬兰
Spanish:
Suomussalmi, Región de Kainuu, Finlandia
Albanian:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlanda
Catalan:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandia
Czech:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finsko
Danish:
Suomussalmi, Kajanaland, Finland
Dutch:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finland
Esperanto:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finnlando
Estonian:
Suomussalmi vald, Kainuu, Soome
Finnish:
Suomussalmi, Kainuun maakunta, Suomi
Japanese:
スオムッサルミ, カイヌー県, フィンランド
Korean:
수오무살미, 카이누 지역, 핀란드
Latin:
Suomussalmi, Caiania, Finnia
Luxembourgish:
Suomussalmi, Finnland
Northern Sami:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu eanangoddi, Suopma
Norwegian:
Suomussalmi, Kajanaland, Finland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Suomussalmi, Kajanaland, Finland
Polish:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Suomussalmi, Caiânia, Finlândia
Romanian:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlanda
Slovak:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Fínsko
Swedish:
Suomussalmi, Kajanaland, Finland
Turkish:
Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Суомуссалмі, Кайнуу, Фінляндія
Vietnamese:
Suomussalmi, Phần Lan


A municipality in the Northern Finland Region.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

56 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 1994. Ore mineralogy of the Moukkari gold prospect. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/19/451/-94/42.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits,eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposium in Finland July 28- August 7, 1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 1994. Ore mineralogy of the Moukkari gold prospect. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/19/451/-94/42.
Gold
Formula: Au
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Hornblende'
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
'Mica Group'
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
'Monazite'
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits,eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposium in Finland July 28- August 7, 1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Matist, A. 1958. Kivilajikartan selitys, lehti D 5 Suomussalmi. Suomen geologinen yleiskartta, Espoo: Geologinen tutkimuskeskus. 115 s.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits,eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposium in Finland July 28- August 7, 1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Seipelä - Gold Database
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Zincochromite4.BB.05ZnCr2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Zincochromite7.2.3.6ZnCr2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O RutileTiO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe FrohbergiteFeTe2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni NickelNi
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
PdPalladium
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
SbAntimony
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te TsumoiteBiTe
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te FrohbergiteFeTe2
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi TsumoiteBiTe
Bi BismuthBi
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3

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