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Stiepelmann Mine, Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe; Klein Spitzkoppe), Spitzkopje Area, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Stiepelmann MineMine
Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe; Klein Spitzkoppe)Mountain
Spitzkopje AreaMountain Area
KaribibConstituency
Erongo RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
21° 53' 45'' South , 15° 2' 38'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


An abandoned mine in the vicinity of the Klein Spitzkopje. Type locality for stiepelmannite = florencite-(Ce). Namibian phenakite was first reported from this locality.

Phenakites from this locality are often mislabelled as coming from Klein Spitzkojpe.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 7 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
'Allanite Group' ?
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71)
'Axinite Group'
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/berndtite.pdf#search=%22berndtite%22
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Bixbyite ?
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Description: The ferronigerites reported for this locality are from the Three Aloes Tantalite Mine.
Reference: Ernst A. Schnaitmann
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Ernst A. Schnaitmann
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Description: Ilvaite is unlikely-not a typical miarole or pegmatite mineral
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ernst A. Schnaitmann
Nacrite ?
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Ottemannite ?
Formula: Sn2S3
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ottemannite.pdf#search=%22ottemannite%22
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71)
Pyrophyllite ?
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo and specimen
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Berndtite2.EA.20SnS2
Ottemannite ?2.DB.10Sn2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bixbyite ?4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Euxenite-(Y) ?4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferronigerite-2N1S ?4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite ?8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Euclase ?9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ilvaite ?9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite ?9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pyrophyllite ?9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group' ?-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Axinite Group' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Ottemannite ?2.11.9.1Sn2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Berndtite2.12.14.5SnS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite ?4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S ?7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y) ?8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite ?41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase ?52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite ?56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite ?71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group' ?-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Axinite Group' ?-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Chlorite Group'-
Nacrite ?-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
SiSilicon
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
SSulfur
S BerndtiteSnS2
S PyriteFeS2
S OttemanniteSn2S3
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TiTitanium
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MnManganese
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
SnTin
Sn BerndtiteSnS2
Sn OttemanniteSn2S3
Sn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ramdohr, P. (1936): Bertrandit von Klein-Spitzkoppe, Südwestafrika. Zentralbl. Mineral. Abt. A. 257-262.
Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71.
Haapala, I., Frindt, S., Kandara, J. (2007): Cretaceous Gross Spitzkoppe and Klein Spitzkoppe stocks in Namibia: Topaz-bearing A-type granites related to continental rifting and mantle plume. Lithos 97, 174-192.
Böllinghaus, T. (2016): Topase von der Kleinen Spitzkoppe in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 27(1), 32-55 (in German).


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