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Black Donald mine, Brougham Township, Renfrew Co., Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Black Donald mineMine
Brougham TownshipTownship
Renfrew Co.County
Ontario- not defined -
CanadaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 13' 30'' North , 76° 54' 50'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.22500,-76.91389
GeoHash:G#: f2133bcn8
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Renfrew8,018 (2008)32.4km


Largest graphite mine (85,000 tons) in Ontario from 1896 to 1954, on the former south shore of Black Donald (Whitefish) Lake on lots 17 and 18, concession III. Now under water because of a hydrodam.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F02NW00006.html
'Biotite'
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Satterly J. (1944) Mineral Occurrenes in the Renfrew Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Fifty - Third Annual Report, ARV53, Pt.3, P. 43-46.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Satterly J. (1944) Mineral Occurrenes in the Renfrew Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Fifty - Third Annual Report, ARV53, Pt.3, P. 43-46.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F02NW00006.html
'Hornblende'
Reference: Satterly J. (1944) Mineral Occurrenes in the Renfrew Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Fifty - Third Annual Report, ARV53, Pt.3, P. 43-46.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
'Scapolite'
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F02NW00006.html
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic - Mesoproterozoic
541 - 1600 Ma



ID: 616897
Grenville Supergroup and Flinton Group

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Flinton Group

Comments: Grenville Province Central Metasedimentary Belt

Lithology: Marble, calc-silicate rocks, skarn, tectonic breccias

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Ectasian
1200 - 1400 Ma



ID: 3185353
Mesoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Ectasian (1200 - 1400 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Satterly, J. (1944) Mineral Occurrences in the Renfrew Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Fifty - Third Annual Report, ARV53, Pt.3, P. 43-46.
Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines, p.45-46.
Storey, C.C. and Vos M.A. (1981) Industrial minerals of the Pembroke-Renfrew area, Ontario Geological Survey, Mineral Deposit Circular 22, pt.2, p.55-58.
Sabina, A.P. (2007), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Ottawa to North Bay and Huntsville, Ontario; Gatineau (Hull) to Waltham and Temiscaming, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 48, p.22.

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