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Windsor Salt mine, Pugwash, Cumberland Co., Nova Scotia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Windsor Salt mineMine
Pugwash- not defined -
Cumberland Co.County
Nova Scotia- not defined -
CanadaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 50' 30'' North , 63° 39' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.84167,-63.65389
GeoHash:G#: f84sz90xh
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


In operation since 1959. Room and pillar operation.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Chambersite
Formula: Mn2+3(B7O13)Cl
Habit: {111}
Colour: Purple
Description: A single specimen is in the collection of the Fundy Geological Museum. The locality on the specimen label is the Nappan Mine (a brine operation). However background research and talking to the mine engineer at Pugwash have confirmed the proper locality is Pugwash. The specimen was found many years ago during a mine survey. No other specimens are available.
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Salt in Nova Scotia (Information Circular 33)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
'commodity:Salt'
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Peter A. Rose, "Petrography and Geochecistry of Anhydrite Units from the Canadian Salt Company Mine, Pugwash, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia", unpublished B.Sc. Honours Thesis, Acadia University, 1987.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Carnallite'3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Rinneite'3.CJ.05K3Na[FeCl6]
'Sylvite'3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Magnesite'5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 6 - Borates
'Boracite'6.GA.05Mg3(B7O13)Cl
'Chambersite'6.GA.05Mn2+3(B7O13)Cl
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Glauberite'7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Polyhalite'7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Danburite'9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Riebeckite'9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Talc'9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Rinneite11.5.3.1K3Na[FeCl6]
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hexaborates
Boracite25.6.1.1Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Chambersite25.6.1.3Mn2+3(B7O13)Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
BBoron
B BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
B ChambersiteMn32+(B7O13)Cl
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O ChambersiteMn32+(B7O13)Cl
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
NaSodium
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
MgMagnesium
Mg BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl ChambersiteMn32+(B7O13)Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
K SylviteKCl
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn ChambersiteMn32+(B7O13)Cl
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2684049
Pugwash Mine, Forbes Lake, Addington, Wallace Brook and Lakevale Formations

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pugwash Mine Formation; Forbes Lake Formation; Addington Formation; Wallace Brook Formation; Lakevale Formation

Description: Halite, anhydrite, gypsum and mudstone, 300-500 m (Viséan (Holkerian), B subzone fauna and spores); includes the Pugwash Mine Formation, Forbes Lake Formation, Addington Formation, Wallace Brook Formation, and Lakevale Formation

Reference: Kippie, J.D. (compiler), B.E. Fisher, J.C. Poole. Geological Map of the Province of Nova Scotia, Scale 1:500 000. Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. [118]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Salt in Nova Scotia (Information Circular 33)
Boehner, R.C. (1986) Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5.

External Links

http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/meb/pdf/bull05.asp - Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia

http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/meb/data/pubs/ic/ic33.pdf - Salt in Nova Scotia (Information Circular 33)

http://nsminerals.atspace.com/SaltDistrict.html - Mineralogy of Nova Scotia


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