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La Caridad Mine, La Caridad, Mun. de Nacozari de García, Sonora, Mexico

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 19' 4'' North , 109° 33' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.31778,-109.55639
GeoHash:G#: 9t6h6zpmz
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina la Caridad, La Caridad, Mun. de Nacozari Garcia, Sonora, Mexico

A copper and molybdenum mine (porphyry copper deposit), currently (2010) the largest mine in Mexico. An open pit extracts 90,000 tons/day ore with 0.4% Cu and 0.03% Mo.

Located 200 km NE of the state capital Hermosillo, E of Nacozari, S of Agua Prieta.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

33 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram


Mineralization age: Eocene : 54 ± 0.2 Ma to 53.6 ± 0.2 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)53.6 ± 0.2 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)54 ± 0.2 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

2.588 - 66 Ma

ID: 2435479

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Acidic igneous intrusive

Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales Geológicos. Continuo Nacional. Escala 1:1’000,000. [63]

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma

ID: 3184329
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Sierra Madre Occidental

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Dana 7:I:381.
- Panczner (1987): 146,149,154,383.
Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.
- Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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