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Moctezuma Mine (Bambolla Mine), Moctezuma, Mun. de Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° 48' North , 109° 40' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 29.80000,-109.66667
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina la Bambolla, Moctezuma, Mun. de Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico

A gold-tellurium mine, famous for a wealth of secondary tellurium minerals.

Note: The nearby Bambollita mine ( is only approximately 1/2 mile lower down on the hill from the Moctezuma (Bambolla) mine.

Mineral List

80 valid minerals. 15 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2.588 - 66 Ma

ID: 2430169

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Conglomerate

Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales Geológicos. Continuo Nacional. Escala 1:1’000,000. [63]

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma

ID: 3184329
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Sierra Madre Occidental

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Switzer, G., Swanson, H.E. (1960) News and notes: paratellurite, a new mineral from Mexico. American Mineralogist: 45: 1272-1274.
Mandarino, J.A. (1962) Spiroffite, a new tellurite mineral from Mexico. American Mineralogist: 47: 196-196.
Mandarino, J.A., Williams, S.J., Mitchell, R.S. (1963) Denningite, a new tellurite mineral from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 443-452.
Gaines, R.V. (1965) Moctezumite, a new lead uranyl tellurite. American Mineralogist: 50: 1158-1163.
Gaines, R.V. (1968) Poughite, a new tellurite mineral from Mexico and Honduras. American Mineralogist: 53: 1075-1080.
Gaines, R.V., Donnay, G., Hey, M.H. (1968) Sonoraite. American Mineralogist: 53: 1828-1832.
Gaines, R.V. (1971) Schmitterite—a new uranyl tellurite from Moctezuma, Sonora. American Mineralogist: 56: 411-415.
Harris, D.C., Nuffield, E.W. (1972) Bambollaite, a new copper telluro-selenide. Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 738–742.
Mandarino, J.A., Mitchell, R.S., Hancock, R.G.V. (1975) Mroseite, a calcium tellurite-carbonate from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 286-288.
Mandarino, J.A., Matzat, E., Williams, S.J. (1976) Zemannite, a zinc tellurite from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico. The Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 387-390.
Gaines, R.V., Leavens, P.B., Nelen, J.A. (1979) Burckhardtite, a new silicate-tellurite from Mexico. American Mineralogist: 64: 355-358.
Williams, S.A. (1982) Cuzticite and eztlite, two new tellurium minerals from Moctezuma, Mexico. Mineralogical Magazine: 46: 257-259.
Panczner (1987) 108, 125, 136, 149, 176, 179, 186, 190, 223, 244, 247, 256, 276, 280, 293, 301, 336, 338, 349, 357, 370 & 401.
H. Braith, Gröbner, J., Langer, G., Seitz, M. (2001) Moctezumas geheime Schätze: Bambolla, Bambollita und San Miguel. Lapis: 26(1): 11-23. (in German)
C. Rewitzer (2001) Bambollita, Bambolla, San Miguel und Candelaria: Untertagefunde und Typmineralien. Lapis: 26(1): 24-40. (in German).
Grundler, P.V., Brugger, J., Meisser, N., Ansermet, S., Borg, S., Etschmann, B., Testemale, D., Bolin, T. (2008) Xocolatlite, Ca2Mn4+2Te2O12·H2O, a new tellurate related to kuranakhite: Description and measurement of Te oxidation state by XANES spectroscopy. American Mineralogist: 93: 1911-1920.

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