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Houdaille Quarry (Summit Quarry; Commonwealth Quarry), Springfield, Springfield Township, Union Co., New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 42' 25'' North , 74° 20' 13'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.70694,-74.33694
GeoHash:G#: dr5ps6mrp
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


NOTE: This quarry complex is located in Springfield, adjacent to the corporate limits of the city of Summit. It is historically referred to as being in Summit (Summit Quarry).

This quarry in the Orange Mountain (First Watchung) basalt began operating in the early 1900's under the ownership of Louis Keller. Originally named The Commonwealth Quarry, it was later obtained by the North Jersey Quarry Company. In the 1950's, the Houdaille Construction Materials Company purchased the quarry and ran it until 1977. In the early 1970's, the Interstate-78 road cut was excavated immediately adjacent to the pit, and across the access road between the quarry and the plant. The access road was in a cut. A bridge was constructed over this cut to accommodate I-78 while keeping the quarry functioning. However, the quarry closed only 2 or 3 years later in the aftermath of the 1973 oil embargo and the resulting increase in fuel and asphalt prices.

Quarry mineralization was found in seams, and in gas cavities of the two exposed amygdaloids. Most mineral specimens were collected from the upper amygdaloid. This horizon was exposed for the entire length of the main pit and also during the construction of I-78. The lower amygdaloid was exposed in a test pit near the northern end of the main quarry. It was exposed more extensively in a secondary pit mined near the southern end of the quarry during the last year or two of operation. Most of the pit was filled with earth and rock debris removed from other sections of the interstate project. The entire 170 acre site is now owned by the Union County Parks Department.

The Summit Quarry is most noted for crystals of greenockite. It was probably the most prolific of the several localities for this mineral in the region. Greenockite occurred in a thin, conformable zone called “the sulphide horizon” by Cummings (1987). This zone was near the top of “zone 4” of Cummings (1987), in dark, fresh appearing basalt just beneath where visible alteration ended. The horizon probably marks a redox boundary, a chemical front that moved progressively downward from the more permeable flow top scoria to the less permeable flow interior. It should be noted that a very similar, greenockite-bearing sulphide horizon occurs in the Prospect Park Quarry. The zone is also present at the Fanwood Quarry where it contained galena but not greenockite.

Within the sulphide horizon greenockite crystals were found on prehnite or datolite often associated with calcite. Small crystals of chalcopyrite were common in this material and crystals of galena were not rare.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Description: Occurs as crystals.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Millerite ?
Formula: NiS
Description: Reported.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 62: 150-159.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Frank A. Imbriacco III collection (confirmed by X-ray analysis)
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Tony Nickischer
Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Reported.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 42: 483-486.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Millerite ?2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
Chlorite Group-
Heulandite subgroup-
Pumpellyite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite ?2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2821781
Orange Mountain Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Orange Mountain Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to greenish-black basalt composed mostly of calcic plagioclase (typically An65) and clinopyroxene (augite and pigeonite); crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long. Consists of three major flows. The flows are separated in places by a weathered zone or by a thin, up to 3-m- (10-ft-) thick bed of red siltstone (not shown on map) or volcaniclastic rock. Lowest flow is generally massive and has widely spaced curvilinear joints; columnar joints in lowest flow become more common toward the northeast. Middle flow is massive or has columnar jointing. Lower part of the uppermost flow has pillow structures; upper part has pahoehoe flow structures. Tops and bottoms of flow layers are vesicular. Maximum thickness is about 182 m (597 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187774
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Manchester, J.G. (1931) The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs. A Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club: 3: 95.
Mason, Brian (1960), Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey. New Jersey Geological Survey: 64: 9.
Rocks & Minerals (1967): 42: 483-486.
Cummings, W. (1987), Mineralization at the Fanwood & Summit Quarries, New Jersey. Rocks & Minerals: 62: 150-159.


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