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Perak, Malaysiai
Regional Level Types
Perak- not defined -
Malaysia- not defined -

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Key
03790130015327939931402.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
09513290015327939942100.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
01744200015327939969598.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
01010080015327929917185.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
05071050015327934288166.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
08782780015327939522754.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
03790130015327939931402.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
09513290015327939942100.jpg
View of the Perak tin mining area, ca. 1910.

Perak, Malaysia
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ipoh673,318 (2015)
Taiping217,647 (2012)
Teluk Intan63,353 (2017)
Simpang Empat58,004 (2012)
Batu Gajah46,183 (2012)
Lumut39,595 (2012)


This is one of the eleven states and two federal territories on the Malay Peninsula.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

59 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:751-779
'Alumotungstite'
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Ariffin, K. S., Rahman, H. A., Hussin, H., & Hadi, K. A. A. (2008). The genesis and characteristics of primary kaolinitic clay occurrence at Bukit Lampas, Simpang Pulai, Ipoh. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 54:9–16.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.; Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 370.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Ariffin, K. S., Rahman, H. A., Hussin, H., & Hadi, K. A. A. (2008). The genesis and characteristics of primary kaolinitic clay occurrence at Bukit Lampas, Simpang Pulai, Ipoh. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 54:9–16.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Ariffin, K. S., Rahman, H. A., Hussin, H., & Hadi, K. A. A. (2008). The genesis and characteristics of primary kaolinitic clay occurrence at Bukit Lampas, Simpang Pulai, Ipoh. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 54:9–16.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hübnerite ?
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens (not analysed, but reddish brown streak indicates probable hubnerite).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ariffin, K. S., Rahman, H. A., Hussin, H., & Hadi, K. A. A. (2008). The genesis and characteristics of primary kaolinitic clay occurrence at Bukit Lampas, Simpang Pulai, Ipoh. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 54:9–16.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1365-1378
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Malayaite (TL)
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1965) 35, 622-627; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p127]
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
'Monazite'
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II:370.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Baioumy,Hassan and Ibrahim,Abdul Razak (2012) Mineralogical Variations among the Kaolin Deposits in Malaysia :Annual International Conference on Geological & Earth Sciences (GEOS 2012)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 370.
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Tsugaruite
Formula: Pb28As15S50Cl
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Type Locality:
Description: Scrivenor and Shenton, as cited in Palache, et al (1951) state that the analysis of this material contained RRE's, and specifically states that it was almost all Ce.
Reference: Scrivenor, J. B., & Shenton, J. C. (1927). Thorotungstite; a mineral containing tungsten and thorium from the Federated Malay States. American Journal of Science, (78), 487-490.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1097.
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YW2O6(OH)3
Reference: [Colonial Geol. and Min. Resources, London (1950) 1, 50-51; MinRec 12:86]
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Tsugaruite2.JB.30cPb28As15S50Cl
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite ?4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)4.FD.20(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)4.FD.20YW2O6(OH)3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Feruvite9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Malayaite (TL)9.AG.15CaSn(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alumotungstite'-2W2O6(H2O)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bayerite6.3.2.1Al(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Trippkeite45.1.5.1Cu2+As3+2O4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite ?48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)49.3.3.1(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)49.3.3.2YW2O6(OH)3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Malayaite (TL)52.4.3.2CaSn(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Feruvite61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Alumotungstite'-2W2O6(H2O)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tsugaruite-Pb28As15S50Cl
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
H Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BayeriteAl(OH)3
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
O Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
O Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O BayeriteAl(OH)3
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O HübneriteMnWO4
FFluorine
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BayeriteAl(OH)3
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Si Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S MarcasiteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S TsugaruitePb28As15S50Cl
S CovelliteCuS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl TsugaruitePb28As15S50Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
FeIron
Fe Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TsugaruitePb28As15S50Cl
As TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
YYttrium
Y Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
SnTin
Sn MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
CeCerium
Ce Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
TaTantalum
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
WTungsten
W Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
W Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb TsugaruitePb28As15S50Cl
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi BismuthBi
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Localities in this Region


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