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Gobi Desert, Asiai
Regional Level Types
Gobi DesertDesert
AsiaContinent

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Key
Area:
1,295,000 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bayan Nur1,760,000 (2018)
Jiayuguan122,396 (2014)
Laojunmiao84,769 (2012)
Jiuquan72,732 (2014)
Hovd27,924 (2010)
Saynshand19,891 (2018)


(Very) approximate boundaries based on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobi_Desert#/media/File:GobiTaklamakanMap.jpg

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

347 valid minerals. 19 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100; Wensong Yu, Changxi Liao, and Guo Chen (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(2), 24-27
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Peishan Zhang and Kejie Tao (1982): Scientia Geologica Sinica 4, 424-428; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Jiangguo Yang, Jinyuan Zhai, Hongwu Yang, Chongfeng Wang, Chunlin Xie, Xiaohong Wang, and Yongxiao Lei (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(7), 1017-1023
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Jiyuan Zhou, Bingfang Cui, and Yan Lu (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(3), 209-218
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Anatase var: Niobian Anatase
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Linshan Song, Lijin Wang, Gang Deng, Jun Li, and Fengmei Chai (2008): Metal Mine 381(3), 114-117
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Qiang Zhou, Fuping Gan, Jiangpin Chen, Bokun Yan, and Runsheng Wang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 329-336
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Zhenmi Liu (2000): Journal of Salt Lake Research 29(3), 21-26
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: Youbin Liang (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Armstrongite (TL)
Formula: CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Reference: Vladykin N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Dorfman M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical pecularities of Khan Bogdo massif of an alkaline granites (MPR), - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Rus.).
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Qida Zhang and Dakang Song (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 80-84
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Dongqing Xu, Daming Bai, and Rongguang Li (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 76-80; Xu Dongqing, Jiang Sihong, Zhang Jianhua, Hu Peng, Zhao Yongfa, Wang Yuecheng, and Lai Xinrong (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 231-242
'Asbestos'
Reference: He Sun, Kezhang Qin, Jinxiang Li, Dongmei Tang, Xin Fan, and Qinghua Xiao (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(5), 1079-1086
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100; Wensong Yu, Changxi Liao, and Guo Chen (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(2), 24-27
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Bafertisite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: American Mineralogist 57 (1972), 1005; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216
Baotite (TL)
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Beiyinite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p65]
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Lanying Ma and Jianhua Chen (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(3), 61-62; Zhenghui Chen, Denghong Wang, Yufei Gong, Yuchuan Chen, and Shiping Chen (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 470-476
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Lanying Ma and Jianhua Chen (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(3), 61-62
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Qida Zhang and Dakang Song (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 80-84; Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Jiangguo Yang, Jinyuan Zhai, Hongwu Yang, Chongfeng Wang, Chunlin Xie, Xiaohong Wang, and Yongxiao Lei (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(7), 1017-1023
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Huanmin Guan and Yuxue Cui (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(9), 28-30
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Tiegeng Liu, Guanxin Wang, and Jiwen Gong (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 177-182
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ping Li, Zhixin Zhu, Chuan Chen, Tongyang Zhao, Shiqi Xu, Xin Liu, Bangxue Chen, and Liuyuan Jin (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(2), 339-349
Brownmillerite
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Lishe Wang, Jianguo Yang, Chunlin Xie, Yuxi Wang, Yongxiao Lei, Hongxia Cao, Pengfei Yang, and Yalin Qi (2008): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 32(3), 392-399
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.; Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcioburbankite
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00026454
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Kezhang Qin, Lianchang Zhang, Kuishou Ding, Yingxia Xu, Dongmei Jang, Xingwang Xu, Tianlin Ma, and Guangming Li (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 15(4), 845-861
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geochemistry RE mineral research group (1972): Cebaite - A type of RE and barium fluorine carbonate new mineral. Geochemistry 1, 86-91 (in English).
'Cebaite-(Nd)'
Formula: Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chunzeng Wang, Jinfu Lin, and Kaiqiu Dai (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36(5), 458-464.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 139 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 136 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189; Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303. Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Hong Liu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 60-62
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Economic Geology September 2001 v. 96 no. 6 p. 1407-1428
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Guojun Liu and Jianping Wang (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(1), 17-20
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Costibite
Formula: CoSbS
Reference: Pi, Q., Zhong, R., & Hu, R. (2015). Tracing the ore-formation history of the shear-zone-controlled Huogeqi Cu–Pb–Zn deposit in Inner Mongolia, northern China, using H, O, S, and Fe isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 71, 263-272.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Kuleshov, V.N. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 468-476.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Type Locality:
Reference: Ren Yingchen, Ximen Lulu, and Peng Zhizhong (1983): Geochemistry 2(2), 180-84.
Darapskite
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Yitian Wang, Hart, C.J., Zhiliang Wang, and Jianmin Yang (2005): Episodes 28(1), 23-36
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Jiyuan Zhou, Bingfang Cui, and Yan Lu (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(3), 209-218
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Dianyou Lang and Xingjun Zhang (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(2), 39-54
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Yongming Guo, Jinxiang Zhang, Zhenlin Zou, and Xiaochun Liu (2007): Xinjiang Geology 25(3), 263-266
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: Jianguo Yang, Jinyuan Zhai, Hongwu Yang, Xiaohong Wang, Chunlin Xie, Xing'an Wang, and Bingchen Ren (2010): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 34(2), 246-254
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Elpidite var: Calcian Elpidite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Vladykin N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Dorfman M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical pecularities of Khan Bogdo massif of an alkaline granites (MPR), - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Rus.); Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
'Epidote Supergroup'
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: DILL, H.G., KAUFHOLD, S., KHISHIGSUREN, S. and BULGAMAA, J. (2005) Discovery and origin of a Paleogene smectite-bearing clay deposit in the SE Gobi (Mongolia).- Clay Minerals, 40: 351-367
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erlianite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337; Feng, X., Yang, R. (1986): Erlianite, a new vanadium- and iron-bearing silicate mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 50, 285-289.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)
Formula: CeNbO4
Reference: Kuo Chi-Ti, Wang I-Hsien, Wang Hsien-Chueh, Wang Chung-Kang, and Hou Hung-Chuan (1973): Geochimica 2, 86-92.
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'
Formula: NdNbO4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ce)NbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Sun Weijun, Ma Fengjun, and Zhuang Shijie (1983): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1983(1), 78-81.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Lianchang Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Kezhang Qin, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39(8), 960-969.
Ferrisepiolite
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Ferroan pargasite'
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
'Florencite'
Reference: Khashgerel, B. E., Kavalieris, I., & Hayashi, K. I. (2008). Mineralogy, textures, and whole-rock geochemistry of advanced argillic alteration: Hugo Dummett porphyry Cu–Au deposit, Oyu Tolgoi mineral district, Mongolia. Mineralium Deposita, 43(8), 913-932.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Li Guowu, Yang Guangming, Lu Fude, Xiong Ming, Ge Xiangkun and Pan Baoming (2013) Fluorcalciopyrochlore, IMA 2013-055 . CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)
Formula: BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H, Yang Z, Zhang P (2011) Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite: new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science 15, 13-18
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Weidong Hui, Pengda Zhao, Kezhang Qin, Jinzhu San, Qinghua Xiao, and Jian Wu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 388-399
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18. ; Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 235.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Xinming Jiang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(4), 1-10
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Pi, Q., Zhong, R., & Hu, R. (2015). Tracing the ore-formation history of the shear-zone-controlled Huogeqi Cu–Pb–Zn deposit in Inner Mongolia, northern China, using H, O, S, and Fe isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 71, 263-272.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Halloysite var: Ferrian Halloysite'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
'Hami Green Jade'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Hanksite
Formula: Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Zhenmi Liu (2000): Journal of Salt Lake Research 29(3), 21-26
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Jianmin Yang, Wenjun Qu, Andao Du, Zhiliang Wang, and Chunming Han (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(4), 323-330; Zhuangzhi Qian, Tao Sun, Zhongli Tang, Changyi Jiang, Ke He, Mingzhe Xia, and Jianzhong Wang (2009): Geological Review 55(6), 873-884
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: BaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Semenov, E.I., and Chang Peishan (1961): Scientia Sinica 10(8), 1007-1011; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
Humberstonite
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Gansu Province Metallurgical and Geological Exploration Team No. 4 (1978): Geology and Prospecting 14(8), 20-23
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of the West Kasulu Cu–Au porphyry prospect, Mongolia: links to Oyu Tolgoi? in Abdurrahman, A., Andersen, J. C. Ø., & Williamson, B. J. (2012). Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK. Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B), 121(4), 176-7.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Kamiokite
Formula: Fe2Mo3O8
Reference: Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Su, B., Sakyi, P. A., Ao, S., ... & Zhang, Z. (2014). Late Paleozoic metallogenesis and evolution of the East Tianshan Orogenic Belt (NW China, Central Asia Orogenic Belt). Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(6), 493-512.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
'Kovalenkoite' (FRL)
Formula: (K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: M.I. Novgorodova ( red.)(2006) Minerals of Mongolia, - Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, p. 352 (in Rus.)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Petr Paulis, Die Zinn-Wolfram Lagerstätte Modoto (Bajan Mod) in der Mongolei, Mineralien Welt 6/95 p47-55
Landauite
Formula: NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Lanthanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
Leadamalgam (TL)
Formula: Pb0.7Hg0.3
Type Locality:
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lun Ping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Lianchang Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Kezhang Qin, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39(8), 960-969
'Lepidolite'
'Lepidolite var: Purple Jade'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
'Lepidolite var: Rb-rich Lepidolite'
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 03-220
'Leucoxene'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lanying Ma and Jianhua Chen (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(3), 61-62
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magbasite (TL)
Formula: KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, I. E., A. R Khomyakov, and A. V. Bukova (1965): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 163(3), 718-719
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Magnetite var: Vanado-Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Xiaoming Peng, Weidong Hui, and Quanxin Qin (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(1), 61-73
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Melnikovite'
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microperthite'
Reference: Jilu Mu, Yan Sun, and Juxing Tang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 439-442
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
Mongolite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) (and Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva) (1985): 114, 374-377.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite var: Askanite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Zhenmi Liu (2000): Journal of Salt Lake Research 29(3), 21-26
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Gansu Province Metallurgical and Geological Exploration Team No. 4 (1978): Geology and Prospecting 14(8), 20-23
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 132 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Ferrimuscovite
Formula: K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peng Hu, Fengjun Nie, Ying He, Yi Zhang, and Yan Liu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 603-612
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 120 localities in this region.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Yang Zhuming, Smith, M., Henderson, P., Le Bas, M.J., Tao Kejie, and Zhang Peishan (2001): European Journal of Mineralogy 13(6), 1207-1214; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
'Oborite'
Reference: T. L. Ho (1935) Bull. Geol. Soc. China 14:279 in Hey's Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Opal var: Wood Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt; Tong Xu, Peng Li, Yinchuan Wang, and Gong Chen (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(2), 181-190
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
Paralstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
'Parisite'
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'
Formula: Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne F C, Fleischer M, Grew E S, Grice J D, Jambor J L, Puziewicz J, Roberts A C, Vanko D A, Zilczer J A (1986) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 71, 1277-1282
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Zhuyun Yan, Kedong Tang, Jingwen Bai, and Youchen Mo (1989): Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 3(1-4), 303-313
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Chuanshi Xu and Jianzhen Zhang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(1), 88-91
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 178 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: RPMGlobal (2018) Bayan Khundii Gold Project Bayankhongor Aimag, Southwest Mongolia. National Instrument 43-101 Mineral Resource Technical Report Erdene Resource Development Corporation
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: F. Pertlik, Z. Yang: Scientia Geologica Sinica 6:117-122 (1997)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 183 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lanying Ma and Jianhua Chen (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(3), 61-62
Quartz var: Sard
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt; Tong Xu, Peng Li, Yinchuan Wang, and Gong Chen (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(2), 181-190
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Dongqing Xu, Daming Bai, and Rongguang Li (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 76-80; Xu Dongqing, Jiang Sihong, Zhang Jianhua, Hu Peng, Zhao Yongfa, Wang Yuecheng, and Lai Xinrong (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 231-242
'Sagenite'
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
'Saussurite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00027405
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Petr Paulis, Die Zinn-Wolfram Lagerstätte Modoto (Bajan Mod) in der Mongolei, Mineralien Welt 6/95 p47-55
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., KAUFHOLD, S., KHISHIGSUREN, S. and BULGAMAA, J. (2005) Discovery and origin of a Paleogene smectite-bearing clay deposit in the SE Gobi (Mongolia).- Clay Minerals, 40: 351-367
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pi, Q., Zhong, R., & Hu, R. (2015). Tracing the ore-formation history of the shear-zone-controlled Huogeqi Cu–Pb–Zn deposit in Inner Mongolia, northern China, using H, O, S, and Fe isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 71, 263-272.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Hao Yang, Zhengfu Yan, Jingjuan Liao, and Jinzhu Wang (1995): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 15(1), 33-43; Lanying Ma and Jianhua Chen (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(3), 61-62; Zhenghui Chen, Denghong Wang, Yufei Gong, Yuchuan Chen, and Shiping Chen (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 470-476
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Guoqing Zhou (2004): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 24(3), 290-300
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Lianchang Zhang, and Xingwang Xu (2006): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 26(3), 291-295; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Fengchun Li, Fahui Xiong, and Zhubin Wang (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 235-239
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Jiyuan Zhou, Bingfang Cui, and Yan Lu (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(3), 209-218; Yongming Guo, Jinxiang Zhang, Zhenlin Zou, and Xiaochun Liu (2007): Xinjiang Geology 25(3), 263-266
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: Lei Wang, Jianguo Yang, Xiaohong Wang, and Xie Xie (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(5), 28-33
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Petr Paulis, Die Zinn-Wolfram Lagerstätte Modoto (Bajan Mod) in der Mongolei, Mineralien Welt 6/95 p47-55
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Huanmin Guan and Yuxue Cui (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(9), 28-30
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontianite var: Emmonite
Formula: (Sr,Ca)CO3
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Economic Geology September 2001 v. 96 no. 6 p. 1407-1428
Sursassite ?
Formula: Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
'Synchysite'
Reference: Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Le Bas, M.J., Kellere, J., Tao Kejie, Wall, F., William, C.T., and Zhang Peishan (1992): Mineralogy and Petrology 46(3), 195-228.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tennantite var: Argentiferous Tennantite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Huanmin Guan and Yuxue Cui (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(9), 28-30
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Fangcheng Wang, Bochong Liu, and Xiaoju Cai (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(5), 836-843
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Jianguo Yang, Zhongping Ma, Youxiang Ren, Zhipei Li, and Zhongbao Song (2002): Northwestern Geology 35(2), 24-33
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Kuleshov, V.N. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 468-476.
'Tongxinite'
Formula: Cu2Zn
Reference: Lang, Z., Shi, B., and Li, T. (1990): Xinjiang Geology 8(3), 244-252; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Fengchun Li, Fahui Xiong, and Zhubin Wang (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 235-239
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Tristramite
Formula: (Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Guang Fan, Xiangkun Ge, and Apeng Yu (2013): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 33(3), 265-270
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Kui-Shou Ding, Ke-Zhang Qin, Ying-Xia Xu, He Sun, Xing-Wang Xu, Dong-Mei Tang, Qian Mao, and Yu-Guang Ma (2007): Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 26(1), 109-119.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Weidong Hui, Pengda Zhao, Kezhang Qin, Jinzhu San, Qinghua Xiao, and Jian Wu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 388-399
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Habit: Microscopic inclusions in chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite
Description: This mineral was reported by Bao as pilsenite. However, the EMPA results presented in his paper indicate a composition very close to BiTe, which corresponds to tsumoite, not pilsenite.
Reference: Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
'Turgite'
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'
Formula: ~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
Reference: Peishan Zhang, Kejie Tao (1986): Bayan Obo mineralogy. Science Publisher, Beijing, China, 208 pp. (in Chinese, with English summary); in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1493 Smith, D.G.W., Nickel, E.H. (2007): A System of Codification for Unnamed Minerals: Report of the SubCommittee for Unnamed Minerals of the IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 983-1055; http://nrmima.nrm.se (2016)
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'
Formula: (Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'
Formula: Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Reference: Shen J., Mi J. (1991) Crystal structure of (Ca0.5◻0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F . Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica,10, p. 246-251 (in Chinese, English abstract).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00026452
Uranopilite
Formula: (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00026452
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Guangxi Zhao (2007): Gansu Science and Technology 23(6), 132-135
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Petr Paulis, Die Zinn-Wolfram Lagerstätte Modoto (Bajan Mod) in der Mongolei, Mineralien Welt 6/95 p47-55
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'White mica'
Reference: RPMGlobal (2018) Bayan Khundii Gold Project Bayankhongor Aimag, Southwest Mongolia. National Instrument 43-101 Mineral Resource Technical Report Erdene Resource Development Corporation
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Khashgerel, B. E., Kavalieris, I., & Hayashi, K. I. (2008). Mineralogy, textures, and whole-rock geochemistry of advanced argillic alteration: Hugo Dummett porphyry Cu–Au deposit, Oyu Tolgoi mineral district, Mongolia. Mineralium Deposita, 43(8), 913-932.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yangzhumingite (TL)
Formula: KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
'Zeolite Group'
Zhangpeishanite (TL)
Formula: BaFCl
Type Locality:
Reference: Shimazaki H, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yang Z (2008) Zhangpeishanite, BaFCl, a new mineral in fluorite from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 20, 1141-1144
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'
Formula: Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Zunyite var: Dillnite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Yi Zhang, Yan Liu, and Peng Hu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(6), 176-189

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Leadamalgam (TL)1.AD.30Pb0.7Hg0.3
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
'Tongxinite'1.AB.10bCu2Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Athabascaite2.BA.25Cu5Se4
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Costibite2.EB.10dCoSbS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'var: Argentiferous Tennantite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Zhangpeishanite (TL)3.DC.25BaFCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)4.DF.05(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
var: Niobian Anatase4.DD.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brownmillerite4.AC.10Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)4.DG.10CeNbO4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)4.DG.10(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kamiokite4.CB.40Fe2Mo3O8
Landauite4.CC.40NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
var: Vanado-Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'4.DF.05(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sard4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioburbankite5.AC.30Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Sr)CO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.15Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
'Cebaite-(Nd)'5.BD.15Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.35BaCe(CO3)2F
Lanthanite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Nitratine5.NA.05NaNO3
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Paralstonite5.AB.40BaCa(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'5.BD.20bCa(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Röntgenite-(Ce)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
var: Emmonite5.AB.15(Sr,Ca)CO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'5.BD.10Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Darapskite7.DG.05Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'7.GA.05NdNbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hanksite7.BD.30Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
Humberstonite7.DG.10Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Uranopilite7.EA.05(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Tristramite8.CJ.45(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Armstrongite (TL)9.EA.35CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bafertisite (TL)9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Baotite (TL)9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Deerite9.DH.60(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)9.BE.70(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
var: Calcian Elpidite9.DG.65(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erlianite (TL)9.HC.05(Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferrisepiolite9.00.(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)9.EC.35BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gittinsite9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'var: Ferrian Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Hydroastrophyllite'9.DC.05(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Magbasite (TL)9.HA.25KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mongolite (TL)9.HF.05Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Askanite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Ferrimuscovite9.EC.15K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sursassite ?9.BG.15Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Ferrithorite9.AD.30(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Yangzhumingite (TL)9.EC.20KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
var: Dillnite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Beiyinite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Epidote Supergroup'-A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferroan pargasite'-
'Florencite'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hami Green Jade'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Kovalenkoite' (TL)-(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
'Lepidolite'-
'var: Purple Jade'-
'var: Rb-rich Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Melnikovite'-
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Oborite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Sagenite'-
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'-~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'-(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'-Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
'White mica'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Leadamalgam (TL)1.1.10.1Pb0.7Hg0.3
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
'Tongxinite'1.1.6.3Cu2Zn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Niggliite1.2.10.1PtSn
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stibarsen1.3.1.3AsSb
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Klockmannite2.8.12.2CuSe
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Costibite2.12.7.1CoSbS
Ferroselite2.12.2.2FeSe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Penroseite2.12.1.4(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Athabascaite2.16.17.1Cu5Se4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Kamiokite7.6.3.1Fe2Mo3O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Miscellaneous
Brownmillerite7.11.2.1Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)8.1.2.2CeNbO4
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'8.1.1.4NdNbO4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)8.1.2.3(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'8.2.1.6A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)8.3.6.5(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.2(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Landauite8.5.1.1NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Zhangpeishanite (TL)9.2.11.3BaFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Paralstonite14.2.2.2BaCa(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioburbankite14.4.4.3Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(Ce)15.4.2.3(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.9.1Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.4.1BaCe(CO3)2F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'16a.1.5.2Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'16a.1.8.1Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
Nitratine18.1.1.1NaNO3
Group 20 - COMPOUND NITRATES
Miscellaneous
Darapskite20.1.1.1Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Siderotil29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uranopilite31.2.6.1(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates
Humberstonite32.2.2.1Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hanksite32.3.1.1Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tristramite40.4.7.6(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Austinite41.5.1.3CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Bafertisite (TL)56.2.6b.1Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)56.2.13.9(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mongolite (TL)56.2.4.15Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Sursassite ?58.2.3.1Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite (TL)60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
'Hydroastrophyllite'69.1.1.6(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Deerite69.2.3.3(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Magbasite (TL)69.2.1c.1KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)71.2.21.4BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Armstrongite (TL)72.5.4.1CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Erlianite (TL)78.5.5.1(Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
var: Niobian Anatase
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arsenopyrite
var: Danaite
-(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Asbestos'-
'Beiyinite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Cebaite-(Nd)'-Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Dolomite-CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Elpidite
var: Calcian Elpidite
-(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Epidote Supergroup'-A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrisepiolite-(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Ferro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Ferroan pargasite'-
'Florencite'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
-(Ni,Co)AsS
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite
var: Ferrian Halloysite'
-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Hami Green Jade'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Kovalenkoite' (FRL)-(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
'Lepidolite'-
'var: Purple Jade'-
'var: Rb-rich Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Ishkulite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
var: Vanado-Magnetite-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Melnikovite'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
Montmorillonite
var: Askanite
-(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
var: Ferrimuscovite
-K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'-(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
'Oborite'-
Opal
var: Wood Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Osmium
var: Iridosmine
-(Os,Ir)
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite-(Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Sard-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rhabdophane'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Sagenite'-
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Strontianite
var: Emmonite
-(Sr,Ca)CO3
'Synchysite'-
'Tennantite
var: Argentiferous Tennantite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thorite
var: Ferrithorite
-(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Uranothorite-(Th,U)SiO4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Turgite'-
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'-~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'-(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'-Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'White mica'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Yangzhumingite (TL)-KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zunyite
var: Dillnite
-Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Erlianite(Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
H BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
H MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
H ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
H Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
H Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Epidote SupergroupA2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
H Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite (var: Askanite)(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
H DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Zunyite (var: Dillnite)Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H Elpidite (var: Calcian Elpidite)(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
H LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
C Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
C Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
C Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
C Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
C NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
C BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
C Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
C Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
NNitrogen
N NitratineNaNO3
N NiterKNO3
N HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
N DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
OOxygen
O Erlianite(Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
O BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
O Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
O BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
O Fergusonite-(Ce)-βCeNbO4
O MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
O Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
O Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
O Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
O FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
O FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
O MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
O ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
O Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BrookiteTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
O LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
O Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Fergusonite-(Nd)NdNbO4
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O AnataseTiO2
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
O Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O Anatase (var: Niobian Anatase)(Ti,Nb)O2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O RutileTiO2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ThorianiteThO2
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
O Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
O NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
O BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
O Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Epidote SupergroupA2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Sard)SiO2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
O Montmorillonite (var: Askanite)(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O NitratineNaNO3
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O NiterKNO3
O HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
O DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
O Magnetite (var: Vanado-Magnetite)Fe2+Fe23+O4
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O BrownmilleriteCa2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
O RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
O MolybditeMoO3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Zunyite (var: Dillnite)Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O Elpidite (var: Calcian Elpidite)(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
O LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
O Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
FFluorine
F BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
F Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
F MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
F Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
F ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
F YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
F FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
F FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
F Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
F Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F Zunyite (var: Dillnite)Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
F LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
NaSodium
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl
Na Montmorillonite (var: Askanite)(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NitratineNaNO3
Na HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Na DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Elpidite (var: Calcian Elpidite)(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
MgMagnesium
Mg MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Mg Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
Mg FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Mg FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Mg BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg Montmorillonite (var: Askanite)(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe