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Khan Bogd Peralkaline Granite, Khanbogd District, Ömnögovi Province, Mongoliai
Regional Level Types
Khan Bogd Peralkaline GraniteComplex
Khanbogd DistrictDistrict
Ömnögovi ProvinceProvince
MongoliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 0' 1'' North , 107° 35' 1'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
362 to 245 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
K-Ar
Reference for age:
Vladykin, N.V., Kovalenko, V.I., and Dorfman, M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical peculiarities of Khan Bogd massif of alkaline granites (MPR) - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Russian).
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Khanbogd; Khan-Bogdo; Han Bogd; Hanbogd
Name(s) in local language(s):
массив Хан Богдо


The largest known intrusion of peralkaline granites.
Extends over 1500km². It is emplaced into Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks and consists of 2 roughly circular overlapping intrusions, of which the western one is substantially larger.

About 15 occurrences of mineralization rich in rare metals, including Nb, Zr, and REEs have been identified (Vladykin 2013).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

26 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: AM 59, p208
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Armstrongite (TL)
Formula: CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Reference: Vladykin N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Dorfman M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical pecularities of Khan Bogdo massif of an alkaline granites (MPR), - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Rus.).
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.
Davidite-(La)
Formula: La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Jindřich Kynický
Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Vladykin N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Dorfman M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical pecularities of Khan Bogdo massif of an alkaline granites (MPR), - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Rus.); Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Reference: Reiner Mielke
'Kovalenkoite' (FRL)
Formula: (K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
Reference: M.I. Novgorodova ( red.)(2006) Minerals of Mongolia, - Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, p. 352 (in Rus.)
Landauite
Formula: NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech; Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
'Monazite'
Reference: J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech
Mongolite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) (and Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva) (1985): 114, 374-377.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hawthorne F C, Fleischer M, Grew E S, Grice J D, Jambor J L, Puziewicz J, Roberts A C, Vanko D A, Zilczer J A (1986) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 71, 1277-1282
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pavel Kartashov
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne F C, Fleischer M, Grew E S, Grice J D, Jambor J L, Puziewicz J, Roberts A C, Vanko D A, Zilczer J A (1986) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 71, 1277-1282
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011). Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965. Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V. et al. 2006. Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia. Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmoluyk, V. V., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kozlovsky, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Kovach, V. P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V. A. (2006). Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics, 40(6), 450-466. Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I. & Garamjav, D. 2003. Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist, 21, 53-56. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: AM 59, p208
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: N.V. Vladykin data
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Landauite4.CC.40NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Armstrongite (TL)9.EA.35CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite9.DG.65(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Gittinsite9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
'Hydroastrophyllite'9.DC.05(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Mongolite (TL)9.HF.05Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Kovalenkoite' (TL)-(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Landauite8.5.1.1NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Mongolite (TL)56.2.4.15Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
'Hydroastrophyllite'69.1.1.6(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Armstrongite (TL)72.5.4.1CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Elpidite
var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite
-(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
'Kovalenkoite' (FRL)-(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
'Monazite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
H ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
H Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
H Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
LiLithium
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
BeBeryllium
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
CCarbon
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
O ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
O Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
O Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
O LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FFluorine
F PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Na ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Si ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Si Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
Si Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Si PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
K PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
K NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
CaCalcium
Ca MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Ca Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
Ca Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Ti Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Ti LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
CrChromium
Cr Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Mn Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
FeIron
Fe NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Fe Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Fe LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Fe Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
ZnZinc
Zn LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
SrStrontium
Sr Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
YYttrium
Y Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
ZrZirconium
Zr ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Zr Elpidite var. Calcium-bearing Elpidite(Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Zr ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Nb Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba Kovalenkoite(K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
LaLanthanum
La Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
CeCerium
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
UUranium
U Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Permian : 292 ± 1 Ma to 283 ± 4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Amphibole Supergroup (youngest age)283 ± 4 Ma
ⓘ Amphibole Supergroup (oldest age)285 ± 7 Ma
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)290 ± 1 Ma
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)292 ± 1 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vladykin, N.V., Kovalenko, V.I., Dorfman, M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical peculiarities of Khan Bogd massif of alkaline granites (MPR) - Moscow, Nauka, page 136 (in Russian).
Amar-Amgalan, S., Gerel, O., Shigeru, I., Garamjav, D. (2003) Preliminary results on petrological and geochemical study of the Khanbogd alkaline granite complex, South Mongolia. Mongolian Geoscientist: 21: 53-56.
Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., Minjin, C. (2005) Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia.
Kovalenko, V.I., Yarmoluyk, V.V., Sal’nikova, E.B., Kozlovsky, A.M., Kotov, A.B., Kovach, V.P., ... & Ponomarchuk, V.A. (2006) Geology, geochronology, and geodynamics of the Khan Bogd alkali granite pluton in southern Mongolia. Geotectonics: 40(6): 450-466.
Kovalenko, V.I., Yarmoluyk, V.V. et al. (2006) Geology and age of Khan-Bogdinsky massif of alkaline granitoids in southern Mongolia.
Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Xu, C., Krmicek, L., & Galiova, M. (2011) Distribution and evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd complex, southern Mongolia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(4), 947-965.
Vladykin, N.V. (2013) Petrology and composition of rare-metal alkaline rocks in the South Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Russian Geology and Geophysics: 54(4): 416-435.
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, page 167.
Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., Kirwin, D. (xxxx) Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Vladykin, N.V. (ed.) (xxxx) Deep-Seated Magmatism, its Sources and Plumes. Proceedings of the VI International Workshop, Irkutsk. Glazkovskaya Printing House, Irkutsk, Russia, 17-45.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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