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Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Northampton Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
view of the Delaware River across from the Quarry

Easton, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, USA
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:County
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bethlehem74,892 (2017)
Easton26,915 (2017)
Northampton9,860 (2017)
Wilson7,781 (2017)
Middletown7,441 (2017)
Hellertown5,824 (2017)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

81 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Afmite
Formula: Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, George R. Rossman, Ian M. Steele, Joseph J. Pluth and Georges Favreau (2011): Afmite, Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH)•H2O, a new mineral from Fumade, Tarn, France: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 269-277.; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Spratt, J. and Favreau, G. (2012) The crystal structure determination and redefinition of matulaite, Fe3+Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8•8H2O. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 517–534
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Antigorite var: Bowenite ?
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
'Apatite'
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
'Asbestos'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Kunz,1892: Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.157.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II (1978) The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966 - 1975
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: The completely ferric iron eqivavlent in the beraunite group is eleonorite by IMA nomenclature revision.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960; Mineralogical Record (1980): 11(Sep-Oct): 311.
'Biotite'
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carnotite ?
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II 1977
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 24-25; Smith, Robert C., II (Dec 1970), "Tscheffkinite, a Min. New to PA," in Montgomery, A., "PA Mins. (PM) (96), Keystone Newsletter; Lap
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Spratt, J. and Favreau, G. (2012) The crystal structure determination and redefinition of matulaite, Fe3+Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8•8H2O. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 517–534.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Min.Rec.: 11(Sep-Oct 1980):311.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 32-33; Montgomery, Arthur (1955), "Paragenesis of the Serpentine-Talc Deposits near Easton, PA,: PA Acad. Sci. Proc., Vol.
Eastonite (TL)
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Rough crystals, cleavage masses. Laminae flexible but inelastic
Colour: Silvery white to bright yellowish green, vitreous with pearly luster
Fluorescence: none
Description: Described first as "Chloritic Vermiculite" by Clarke and Schneider in 1891. Likely the same material as described by professor Frederick Burritt Peck in 1905 as an "alteration of phlogopite to serpentine", noting specimens from both Chestnut Hill and from the continuation of the serpentine belt at Warne's quarry (Royal Green Quarry), across the Delaware river in Phillipsburg, New Jersey. Analysis by Merril and by Eyerman in 1911.
Reference: The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania; Samual G. Gordon 1922; Pg 119 The Talc Deposits of Phillipburg, N.J. and Easton; Peck, F. B., Trenton 1905 8vo., 26pp
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: IMA nomenclture revision
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Kobokoboite
Formula: Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Reference: Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, George R. Rossman, Ian M. Steele, Joseph J. Pluth and Georges Favreau (2011): Afmite, Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH)•H2O, a new mineral from Fumade, Tarn, France: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 269-277.; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Spratt, J. and Favreau, G. (2012) The crystal structure determination and redefinition of matulaite, Fe3+Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8•8H2O. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 517–534
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: www.delminsociety.net/easton.htm
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: www.delminsociety.net/easton.htm
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 53; Gordon, Samuel G. (1922), Mineralogy of PA:89.
Matulaite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Crystaline encrustations
Colour: white
Description: Chemical analysis of samples as follows: P2O5 33.76 wt. % SiO2 0.22 TiO2 0.23 Al2O3 34.37 FeO* 0.79 MnO 0.12 ZnO 0.31 CaO 1.31 Na2O 0.18 K2O 0.03 Water accounts for the rest. FeO* is FeO total, there is most likely Fe2O3 present, probably almost exclusively. Multiply the FeO* by 1.1113 to obtain Fe2O3.
Reference: Min.Rec.: Sep-Oct 1980:311. Chemical Analysis provided by M.Matula/A. Falster; Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, George R. Rossman, Ian M. Steele, Joseph J. Pluth and Georges Favreau (2011): Afmite, Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH)•H2O, a new mineral from Fumade, Tarn, France: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 269-277.
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Smith, II, R. C. (1977) Metanovacekite Chapter in The Mineralogy of
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II (1978) The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1975
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Min.Rec.: 11(Sep-Oct 1980):311.
'Scapolite'
Colour: Lilac
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 11:90.; Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Colour: Lilac
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 11:90.; Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Reed, Juliet C., Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List - 1965-1974, Min. Soc. of PA, Inc. (1976): 70-71; Grant, Raymond W. (Jun, 1974), PA Minerals (PM), PM(138), Keystone Newsletter.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Topo. & Geol. Sur. of Penn., Rpt #4.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Montgomery, A., "The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1922-1965," Special Publication No. 9, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1969)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Montgomery "Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1922-1965" p. 40 (1965)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
'Turgite'
Reference: Miller, 1939: Northampton Co., PA Geology & Geography
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: [MinRec 11:311]
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'
Formula: Pb-U-O-H
Reference: Frondel, C. (1956): Mineral composition of gummite. American Mineralogist: 41: 539-568.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Thorian Uraninite
Formula: (U,Th)O2
Description: Assumed to be in Scherrer Quarry, Montgomery ref. does not distinguish which part of the CK Williams Quarry samples were retrieved from.
Reference: Am.Min.: 45: 39-52; Arthur Montgomery (1957) Three occurrences of high-thorian uraninite near Easton, Pennsylvania. Am. Min. 42: 804-820
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 964; Mineralogical Record: 11(Sep-Oct 1980): 311.
Weeksite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Reference: AmMin.45:39; Am Min. 66:610; Am.Min.: 45: 39-52
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Description: Assumed to be in Scherrer Quarry, Montgomery ref. does not distinguish which part of the CK Williams Quarry samples were retrieved from.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/wolsendorfite.pdf; Arthur Montgomery (1957) Three occurrences of high-thorian uraninite near Easton, Pennsylvania. Am. Min. 42: 804-820
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Zaratite ?
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Carnotite ?4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Thorian Uraninite4.DL.05(U,Th)O2
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Zaratite ?5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Afmite8.DD.15Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beraunite ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Matulaite (TL)8.DK.30(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Metanováčekite8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Bowenite ?9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Boltwoodite9.AK.15(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eastonite (TL)9.EC.20KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Weeksite9.AK.30K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Kobokoboite-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX2O7·xH2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Zaratite ?16b.4.1.1Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite ?40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Metanováčekite40.2a.10.2Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Afmite42.9.3.6Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Matulaite (TL)42.13.3.1(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Boltwoodite53.3.1.5(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Weeksite53.3.2.1K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Antigorite
var: Bowenite ?
-Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Eastonite (TL)-KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Kobokoboite-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H
Uraninite
var: Thorian Uraninite
-(U,Th)O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
H AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
H MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Antigorite (var: Bowenite)Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
OOxygen
O EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ThorianiteThO2
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O CelestineSrSO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O UraniniteUO2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
O AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O Antigorite (var: Bowenite)Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg Antigorite (var: Bowenite)Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Al AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Antigorite (var: Bowenite)Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
P AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
K WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
FeIron
Fe Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
PbLead
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
U WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
U Uraninite (var: Thorian Uraninite)(U,Th)O2
U MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Proterozoic : 1292.4 ± 12.6 Ma to 985 ± 7 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Tonian
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)985 ± 7 MaSherrer Quarry (C.K. Williams & Co. Quarry; Williams Quarry), C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry), Chestnut Hill (College Hill; Lafayette Hill; Mount Lafayette; Paxinosa Ridge), Easton, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, USA
    
   
  Mesoproterozoic
   Ectasian
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)1292.4 ± 12.6 MaSherrer Quarry (C.K. Williams & Co. Quarry; Williams Quarry), C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry), Chestnut Hill (College Hill; Lafayette Hill; Mount Lafayette; Paxinosa Ridge), Easton, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, USA

Localities in this Region
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