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Carson Hill, Carson Hill Mining District (Melones Mining District), Mother Lode Belt, Calaveras Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Carson HillHill
Carson Hill Mining District (Melones Mining District)Mining District
Mother Lode BeltBelt
Calaveras Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 1' 45'' North , 120° 30' 15'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Angels Camp2,677 (2012)5.3km
Tuttletown668 (2011)5.7km
Vallecito442 (2011)7.3km
Columbia2,297 (2017)9.0km
Jamestown3,433 (2011)11.0km


A populated place.

One of the most productive mining areas in Calaveras County located in secs. 13, 14 & 24, T2N, R13E, MDM.

Carson Hill is on the Mother Lode Belt in SW Calaveras County. The district consists of a part of the Mother Lode that extends from Carson Flat SE through Carson Hill to the town of Melones on the Stanislaus River.

09676790014977279442734.jpg
Gold and Petzite from Carson Hill.
Some Historical Notes
In 1850, John William Hance discovered a fourteen pound lump of gold atop Carson Hill while supposedly chasing a runaway mule. The lump had broken away from a quartz vein, along which Hance immediately staked his claim. He later took on a group of six partners who then called themselves the Carson Creek Consolidated Mining Company. The claim was generally known as the Morgan Mine, after the most prominent of the partners, Colonel A. Morgan.

His claim was so rich that a unique method of mining was employed here with great success. Borthwick describes the method during the old days: "When the quartz vein was first worked, the method adopted was to put in a blast, and after the explosion, to go round with handbaskets and pick up the pieces." Using this method, $110,000 in gold was collected from a single blast. At another time, a lump of ore was found weighing 112 pounds. And on November 22 of 1854, one of the largest gold nuggets ever found in California was uncovered in the Morgan Mine, very near the surface. Technically not a nugget, but rather a mass of gold and quartz, the thing was huge; fifteen inches long, six inches wide, and four inches thick. It was valued at $43,000 — a mere fraction of Carson Hill’s total production of $26 million.

2,340 ounce mass of gold found in 1854.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 76.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.; […(abstract): Engineering & Mining Journal: 128: 20; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 421.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10029002.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Chlorite Group'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.; […(abstract): Engineering & Mining Journal: 128: 24 (1929); […Geol. Zentralbl., Band 41: 364-367 (1930)]: 37; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 433.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as crystals in gold-bearing schist.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 172.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.: 39; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 172, 301.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Blake, Wm. P. (1868a), The melons tellurides; letter to G. Küstel: Mining & Scientific Press: 16: 178; Logan, Clarence August (1934), Mother Lode Gold Belt of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 108, 221 pp.: 133; Clark, Wm. B. & P.A. Lydon (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Calaveras County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology County Report 2: 47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 109.
'Hornblende'
Description: Occurs in crystalline rock almost exclusively hornblende.
Reference: Moss, Frank A. (1927), The geology of Carson Hill, California: Engineering & Mining Journal: 124: 1010-1012; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 65; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 400.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Massive material.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 250.
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Reference: /www.museumca.org/goldrush/dist-carsonhill.html.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Genth, Frederick Augustus (1867), Observations on certain doubtful minerals: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 19: 6; Genth, Frederick Augustus (1868); Contributions to mineralogy, No. 7: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 45: 305-321; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 259; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Clark, Wm. B. & P.A. Lydon (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Calaveras County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology County Report 2: 47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 79.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: /www.museumca.org/goldrush/dist-carsonhill.html.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: /www.museumca.org/goldrush/dist-carsonhill.html.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in chlorite-sericite schist.
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10102691.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Blake, Wm. P. (1868a), The melons tellurides; letter to G. Küstel: Mining & Scientific Press: 16: 178; Logan, Clarence August (1934), Mother Lode Gold Belt of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 108, 221 pp.: 133; Clark, Wm. B. & P.A. Lydon (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Calaveras County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology County Report 2: 47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 109.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Moss, Frank A. (1927), The geology of Carson Hill, California: Engineering & Mining Journal: 124: 1010-1012; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 310; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 68.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: /www.museumca.org/goldrush/dist-carsonhill.html.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Prismatic; twinned
Description: Occurs as small crystals as a microscopic constituent of ankeritic schist ore.
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.: 225; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 169.
'Soapstone'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 388; Moss, Frank A. (1927), The geology of Carson Hill, California: Engineering & Mining Journal: 124: 1010-1012; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 310, 363; Clark, Wm. B. & P.A. Lydon (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Calaveras County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology County Report 2: 29; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 133.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Soapstone'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Soapstone'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O RutileTiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MilleriteNiS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te TelluriumTe
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Genth, Frederick Augustus (1867), Observations on certain doubtful minerals: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 19: 6.
Blake, Wm. P. (1868a), The melons tellurides; letter to G. Küstel: Mining & Scientific Press: 16: 178.
Genth, Frederick Augustus (1868); Contributions to mineralogy, No. 7: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 45: 305-321.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 388.
Moss, Frank A. (1927), The geology of Carson Hill, California: Engineering & Mining Journal: 124: 1010-1012.
Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.; […(abstract): Engineering & Mining Journal: 128: 24 (1929); […Geol. Zentralbl., Band 41: 364-367 (1930)]: 20, 25, 35, 37, 39.
Logan, Clarence August (1934), Mother Lode Gold Belt of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 108, 221 pp.: 133.
Clark, Wm. B. & P.A. Lydon (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Calaveras County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology County Report 2; [… Geological Society of America Proceedings, 1933: 312-313, 1934]: 29, 47.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 65, 76, 172, 201, 259, 301, 310, 363.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 68, 79, 109, 133, 169, 400, 421, 433.

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