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Lead Mining District, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lead Mining DistrictMining District
Lawrence Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 21' North , 103° 46' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

66 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:203]
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull. 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Van King specimen
'Chlorite Group'
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Am Min (1936), 21:607-610
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:113.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: P Haas collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:203]
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:203]
'Hornblende'
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:203]
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Van King specimen
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: www.umr.edu/~rhagni/otherod.html.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.dakotamatrix.com/Southdakota/VeinNtoQ.htm.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siderite var: Sideroplesite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: McCarthy, T.R. (1976) The metamorphic petrology of the sideroplesite and cummingtonite schist facies of the Homestake Formation, Homestake Mine, Lead, South Dakota
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Sincosite
Formula: Ca(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:203]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Description: See: www.mindat.org/mesg-105-239938.html
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 983; SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Sideroplesite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minyulite8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Sincosite8.CJ.65Ca(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Torbernite ?8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite ?40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Sincosite42.11.19.1Ca(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
Siderite
var: Sideroplesite
-(Fe,Mg)CO3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
H SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
O SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CelestineSrSO4
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
P SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
S CelestineSrSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
MnManganese
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ArsenicAs
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag HessiteAg2Te
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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