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Papachacra, Belén Department, Catamarca Province, Argentinai
Regional Level Types
Papachacra- not defined -
Belén DepartmentDepartment
Catamarca ProvinceProvince
ArgentinaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 0' 59'' South , 66° 52' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hualfín2,304 (2016)23.9km
Puerta de Corral Quemado1,634 (2016)24.7km


Location:

This granite stock of the Papachacra formation, a geological structure in which there are deposits and mines, is located 75 kilometers in a straight line to the North of the town of Belén in the province of Catamarca, Argentina.
It is accessible from Belén by national route No. 40 until the town of El Eje (47 km).
Continue from there by national route 53 until Puerta de Corral Quemado (19 km) and then by the provincial route No. 36, 17 km to Corral Quemado.
Throughout this journey, the road is made of gravel and well preserved.
The 20 remaining kilometres to the village of Papachacra, to the North, are irregular and should be done in 4 x 4 vehicles.

Geological features:

Granite stock of the Papachacra formation, on its western slope ("Cerro León Muerto"), has a slightly oval shape, and its approximate boundaries are: the river "La Cuesta" to the North, the "Quebrada del río Blanco"(El Cajon) to the South, the town of "Papachacra" to the East and the "Pampa del Arrimo" to the West.
Located within the system of "Sierras Pampeanas", it has an approximate altitude of 3,100 m. asl.
It is embedded within the orthogneiss of the "Chango Real Formation" and it is a whitish-pink granodiorite of granular texture in pseudoporphyric and aplitic sectors.
It is composed of quartz, plagioclase, orthoclase, biotite, muscovite, tourmaline, topaz, fluorite and opaque.
This stock was subjected to a process of deuteric alteration because of streams rich in volatiles, causing the formation of miarolitic cavities filled with idiomorphic crystals of potassium feldspar (microcline), smoky quartz, muscovite, topaz, florencite-(Ce), tourmaline, etc.
These processes of alteration are also evident in the aftermath of albitization and silicification, which are joined by a marked kaolinization of minerals of the first generation and cataclastic phenomena.
According to its modal composition, one can classify this rock as a monzogranite on the border between sub-alkaline and alkaline granites.
Conducted isotopic K/Ar dating show an age of 117 million years (± 20 million years), corresponding to the lower Cretaceous.

Intruding the "El Portezuelo" granite (granite Papachacra) is a suite of alkaline rocks. The late intrusive in this group are rhyolites peralkaline (comendites) with an extremely high content of some HFSE (Zr, Nb, Y, etc.).
They are classified as granitoid of type A and belong to the Group A1.
This suggests an extensional rift or environment of hot point towards the upper Carboniferous, considering that the shutdown Rb–Sr trend alkaline rocks occurred around 300 Ma.
The relationships of trace elements are allied with differentiated mantle melt contaminated in a variable degree with cortical material.
Rb–Sr isotopic data also point to a volcanic or lower crust source.

Mining:

Genetic phenomena and subsequent hydrothermal alterations, which resulted in crystallization and recrystallization, gave rise to a formation of exceptional richness, not only in mineralogical variety but also in the form developed by the crystals, which adds the valuable jewellery quality of some species.
The topaz of this region offers a degree of transparency and purity, that coupled with the variety of colors (yellow, orange, brown, blue, colorless) make possible the carved stones of great value.
The same is true for the varieties of quartz (smoky, citrine, and amethyst, in decreasing order of importance).
Fluorite, another species of gemological interest, comes in purple, green and pink colors with full transparency.
The rest of the minerals, which are not of gemological interest, present perfect crystalline forms and exceptional sizes, to which are added combining them in one piece, which gives you an invaluable for collections and museums, as well as ornamental.
The most common smoky quartz associate is idiomorphic crystals of clear microcline in shades of pink to brown, Albite (var. Cleavelandite), muscovite, black tourmaline (var. Schorl), and hyaline Quartz.
In the granite of Papachacra, this association amounts to rare and less abundant minerals making for interesting crystalline aggregates for museums and collections.
Other species occurring in idiomorphic crystals are:
Scheelite
Cassiterite
Monazite
Xenotime
Florencite-(Ce)
Phenakite
Bertrandite
Zircon
Titanite
Hematite
Fluorite, among others.

Smoky quartz and hyaline quartz or rock crystal associated with feldspar (often albite and idiomorphic microcline) often occurs in pegmatites of the Papachacra granite in the locations described for topaz.
Smoky quartz color varies from brownish to golden brown, idiomorphic crystals of good quality are frequent.

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
'Apatite'
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Biotite'
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Saadi, J. (1998): Les minéraux des pegmatites de la région de Papachacra - province de Catamarca (Argentine). Le Règne Minéral. 22, 5-13.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
'Leakeite Root Name'
Formula: ANa2(Z2+2Z3+2Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
'Mica Group'
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Reference: Edwardo Jawerbaum, prominant Argentinian collector.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Fernando Colombo, Raúl Lirai,María Sol O´Leary y Colombo C. G. Tassinari (2010): Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Saadi, J. (1998): Les minéraux des pegmatites de la région de Papachacra - province de Catamarca (Argentine). Le Règne Minéral. 22, 5-13; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.papachacraminerals.com.ar/english/aboutpap.htm.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Dan Weinrich
Silver
Formula: Ag
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
'Xenotime'
Reference: Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Morinite8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite9.DE.05{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Leakeite Root Name'-ANa2(Z2+2Z3+2Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Morinite42.4.2.1NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Na subgroup
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite66.4.16.3{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'-
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fergusonite'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Leakeite Root Name'-ANa2(Z2+2Z3+2Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Li Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
F Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Na Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
MgMagnesium
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S GalenaPbS
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Leakeite Root NameANa2(Z22+Z23+Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CeCerium
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
251.902 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3188283
Precambrian-Phanerozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (251.902 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1999).
Sola, Yamil. Berilos y Topacios. General Paz 154, Belén, Catamarca, Argentina. Phone: +54 03835-461819/462082.
Juárez, Fabián A. Topacios, Cuarzo, Feldespato. Juan S. Bach s/n La Quebrada, Río Ceballos, provincia de Córdoba, Argentina. Phone: +54 03525-156 41514; y Avenida Madrid 2170, Córdoba Capital, Phone: +54 0351 4576589.
Girgenti, Carlos. Topacios, Cuarzo y Feldespato. La Granja, Provinicia de Córdoba, Argentina.
Kuck, A. and Saadi, J. (1992) La Mina Rumi-Tucu, Catamarca. Asociación de Geología, Mineralogía y Paleontología, Buenos Aires, 68-70.
Colombo, Fernando, Lirai, Raúl, O'Leary, María Sol, and Tassinari, Colombo C.G. (2010) Los diques comendíticos de Papachacra (Catamarca): magmatismo peralcalino en sierras Pampeanas orientales. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 66 (1-2). Buenos Aires ene./mar. 2010.
Lazarte, J.E. (1994) Geología y geoquímica del Granito Papachacra (¿Carbonífero?), Sierras Pampeanas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 49(3-4), 337-352.

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