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Kalahari Desert, Africai
Regional Level Types
Kalahari DesertDesert
Africa- not defined -

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Postmasburg30,089 (2018)
Letlhakane18,136 (2018)
Gobabis16,321 (2012)
Ghanzi9,934 (2016)
Kathu9,219 (2012)
Kuruman9,093 (2012)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

214 valid minerals. 27 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2009): Fluorite from Riemvasmaak, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 40:307-324
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: de Villiers, J. E. (1943): Gamagarite, a new vanadium mineral from the Postmasburg manganese deposits. American Mineralogist: 28, 329-335.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Description: Late-stage hydrothermal orange-red octahedral cystals, associated with henritermierite and earlier calcite, in cracks and vugs of hematite-haussmannite ore.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:252
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenbrackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: South African Micromount Society, Kalahari Manganese Fields - KMF, by Dixon, R., and Bezing, L. Von., (1989) Locality datasheet ML 02
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 181 pp.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22:480]
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Braunite-II' (FRL)
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Reference: American Mineralogist (1967): 52, 20-30; Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) pp 282; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 190; Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, pp 156.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cairncrossite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Type Locality:
Description: Found on dump Block 17, Wessels Mine, Northern Cape, only known specimen in the collection of Ludi Von Bezing.
Reference: Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B. and von Bezing, K.-L. (2013) Cairncrossite, IMA 2013-012. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B., Topa, D., von Bezing, K.-L. (2016): Cairncrossite, a new phyllosilicate from the Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 495-505
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 138.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) pp 151.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Charlesite ?
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Stiefenhofer, J., Viljoen, K.S., and Marsh, J.S. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 147-158.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: microcrystals
Colour: red
Description: Originally found in the late 1990's on bladed hausmannite, XRD confirmed both. Recent finds of calcite with cinnabar inclusions have been identified.
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, 192 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Clinotobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Lezzerini, M., Merlini, M., & Merlino, S. (2012). Thermal behaviour of tobermorite from N’Chwaning II mine (Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa). I. Thermo-gravimetric and X-ray diffraction studies. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(6), 981-989.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1994). Effenbergerite BaCu [Si4010], a new mineral from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 663-670.
Colinowensite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B. (2013) Colinowensite, IMA 2012-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 6; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2009): Fluorite from Riemvasmaak, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 40:307-324
Copper
Formula: Cu
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Panikorovskii,T.L.,Shilovskikh,V.V., Avdontseva, E.Y., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2015) Cyprine, IMA 2015-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.; Panikorovskii, T.L., Shilovskikh, V.V., Avdontseva, E.Yu., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V. (2017): Cyprine, Ca19Cu2+(Al,Mg,Mn)12Si18O68(OH)10, a new vesuvianite-group mineral from the Wessels mine, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 295-306.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diaspore var: Mangan-diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)
Formula: Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Stiefenhofer, J., Viljoen, K.S., and Marsh, J.S. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 147-158.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Sun, H. et al. (2006) Geological Society of America annual meeting 2006, abstracts, paper # 118-23.
Effenbergerite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Description: It occurs in pectolite veins which transect a fine grained massive matrix of sugelite, braunite and manganite. Additional minerals accompanying the assemblage include copper, calcite, clinozoite and quartz.
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1994). Effenbergerite BaCu [Si4010], a new mineral from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 663-670.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
'Ferro-akermanite'
Formula: Ca2FeSi2O7
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Tabular crystals associated with light brown andradite
Reference: Cairncross photo ID 729308
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Mineralogical Record 40:307-324; Miller, D. (2010): Die Fluorite von Riemvasmaak, Südafrika - ein Besuch vor Ort. Lapis 35 (4), 38-44; 54.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Stiefenhofer, J., Viljoen, K.S., and Marsh, J.S. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 147-158.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2009): Fluorite from Riemvasmaak, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 40:307-324
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Gageite-2M'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gamagarite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Amer.Min.(1943) 28, 329-335; The Manganese Adventure: The South African Manganese Fields
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gatehouseite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs in the shigaite zone associated with baryte, rhodochrosite and shigaite.
Reference: Personally communication between Bruce Cairncross and Frank Hawthorne who quatitatively identified a second, virtually identical specimen of gatehouseite
Gaudefroyite
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Gowerite
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Siemes, H. (2013). Microstructure and Crystallographic Preferred Orientation (CPO) of Hematite Ores from the Sishen Mine, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 116(1), 79-100.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Siemes, H. (2013). Microstructure and Crystallographic Preferred Orientation (CPO) of Hematite Ores from the Sishen Mine, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 116(1), 79-100.
Guidottiite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Hennomartinite (TL)
Formula: SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: anhedral
Colour: yellow-brown
Description: Intergrowths with serandite-pectolite in small veins crosscutting an assemblage of idiomorphic sugilite in fibrous serandite-pectolite.
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Henritermierite
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Microscopically identified in the ore.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 214.
Holtstamite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Type Locality:
Description: Zoned crystals with henritermierite.
Reference: Am. Min. (2005): 90: 1946; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1997) 61:213-231
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Habit: Platey crystals to 0.5mm
Description: Single pocket found.
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Jouravskite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kalistrontite
Formula: K2Sr(SO4)2
Reference: Mees, F. (1999): Distribution patterns of gypsum and kalistrontite in a dry lake basin of the southwestern Kalahari (Omongwa pan, Namibia). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24, 731-744.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Kenotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Type Locality:
Description: The type specimen was erronously stated as comiing from the Wessels mine in Merlino et al (2001), and corrected in Biagioni et al (2015).
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590 ; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
'Kenotobermorite-4O'
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lavinskyite (TL)
Formula: K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Reference: http://rruff.info/lavinskyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2014): Lavinskyite, K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4, isotypic with planchéite, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99, 525-530.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Lipuite (TL)
Formula: KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Xie, X., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Evans, S.H. and Downs, R.T. (2015) Lipuite, IMA 2014-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 139
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Geoff Krasnov collection
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Manganvesuvianite (TL)
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Reference: T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Meieranite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Lavinsky, R.M. and Xie, X. (2015) Meieranite, IMA 2015- 009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 533; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Monazite'
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Pocket near fault intersection in Section 27 South
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 377-386; MinRec 27:203-204]
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Noelbensonite
Formula: BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Norrishite
Formula: KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Reference: Gnos E., Armbruster T., Villa I. M., 2003. Norrishite, K(Mn3+2Li)Si4O10(O)2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 39Ar-40Ar dating. Am. Miner., 88: 189-194
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Description: Occurs as a weathering product with cryptomelane in the ore bodies close to the surface.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 227.
Olmiite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.
Omongwaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 72,1209-1220(2008)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Orlymanite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1990) 75, 923-927; Mandarino, 1997]
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.
Oxy-dravite
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Sun, H. et al. (2006) Geological Society of America annual meeting 2006, abstracts, paper # 118-23.
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Poldervaartite (TL)
Formula: CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Habit: Sprays to 1 cm
Colour: White
Description: One pocket was discovered
Reference: Amer.Min.(1993) 78, 1082-1087; von Bezing, L. & Gutzmer, J. (1994): Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (II). Mineralien-Welt, 5(5), 41-59. Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2001): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Kalahari-Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 26(10), 32-42; Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2002): Spectacular Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Rocks & Minerals, 77(2), 94-107.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: fine fibers to 0.2mm
Colour: dark red to lilac
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: JR Montgomery collection
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) 137-153; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 237.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 237.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 238;
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ruizite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2009): Fluorite from Riemvasmaak, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 40:307-324
Scottyite (TL)
Formula: BaCu2Si2O7
Type Locality:
Reference: http://rruff.info/scottyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. and Origlieri, M.J. (2012): Scottyite, IMA 2012-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S., Pinch, W. (2013): Scottyite, the natural analogue of synthetic BaCu2Si2O7, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 98, 478–484.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sogdianite
Formula: K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Reference: Michael O’Donoghue, Gems, Sixth Edition (2006), p. 454
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontioruizite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Cairncross, B., Gu, X., Yong, T. and Downs, R.T. (2017) Strontioruizite, IMA 2017-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine; 81: 1279–1286
Sturmanite ? (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Although this locality is the type locality for the mineral, it is believed that the actual type locality is the Wessels mine due to an error in labeling the type specimen. No subsequent specimens containing sturmanite or other minerals on the type specimen have been found since, similar material from Wessels was found from 5 pockets in the years 1978-1982.
Reference: PEACOR, D.R., DUNN, P.J. & DUGGAN, M. (1983): Sturmanite, a ferric iron, boron analogue of ettringite. Canadian Mineralogist 21, 705-709. HOCHLEITNER, R. (1986): Sturmanit und Ettringit aus den Kalahari-Manganfeldern. Lapis, Jg. 10, Nr. 10, 19-24. VON BENZIG, K.L., DIXON, R.D., POHL, D. & CAVALLO, G. (1991): The Kalahari manganese field: An update. Mineralogical Record 22, 292-293. CAIRNCROSS, B. & DIXON, R. (1995): Minerals of South Africa. Published by The Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 60-66 and 244-245.
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Taikanite
Formula: Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Reference: Armbruster, T. , Oberhänsli, R. and Kunz, M. (1993). "Taikanite BaSr2Mn3+2O2(Si4O12) from the Wessels mine (South Africa)." American Mineralogist, 78(9/10),pp:1088-1095. - Minerals of South Africa
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
Talnakhite ?
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Taniajacoite (TL)
Formula: SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T. and Xie, X. (2015) Taniajacoite, IMA 2014-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 531; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2009): Fluorite from Riemvasmaak, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 40:307-324
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Habit: Thin, rectangular blades stacked together in spherical groups
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).;
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., & Armbruster, T. (2001). The real structure of tobermorite 11Å normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(3), 577-590.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Lezzerini, M., Merlini, M., & Merlino, S. (2012). Thermal behaviour of tobermorite from N’Chwaning II mine (Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa). I. Thermo-gravimetric and X-ray diffraction studies. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(6), 981-989.; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tokyoite
Formula: Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 138.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 250.
Tweddillite (TL)
Formula: {CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(2002) 66, 137-150; Lapis 2002(11), 43
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Description: occurs as abundant low-z "globular" and vuggy masses overgrown by similar globular sugilite. Accompanying EPMA analytical data for material in thin section FKM-173 (https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-151-to-fkm-175/#FKM-173). Li2O content for this analysis is calculated by stoichiometry. Mn and Fe initially treated as 2+; subsequent Mn3+ (and hence Mn2O3) and Fe3+ (and hence Fe2O3) derived by charge balance. Data in weight% oxides (only those constituents exceeding 0.05 wt%). Al2O3 content in this Al-dominant material ranges from 5.5 to 7.6 wt%.
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-173)
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'
Formula: Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
Reference: Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vonbezingite (TL)
Formula: Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: elongated monoclinic crystals to 1.5 cm.
Description: No more than 50 specimens where collected from this single pocket, in association with Sturmanite, Calcite, Baryte, Bultfonteinite, Brucite & Vesuvianite. Azurite occurs as tiny inclusions in Vonbezingite.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1292-1300 Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 251.
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Wad'
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Wesselsite (TL)
Formula: SrCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1996). Wesselsite, SrCu [Si4Olo], a further new gillespite-group mineral from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 795-798.; Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
'Manganese' ?1.AE.30Mn
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Talnakhite ?2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
var: Mangan-diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marokite4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gowerite6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Charlesite ?7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jouravskite7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kalistrontite7.AD.40K2Sr(SO4)2
Omongwaite (TL)7.CD.65Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Vonbezingite (TL)7.DD.65Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arsenbrackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gamagarite (TL)8.BG.05Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Gatehouseite8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Tokyoite8.BG.05Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hydroandradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (TL)9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinotobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Effenbergerite (TL)9.EA.05BaCuSi4O10
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Ephesite9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Guidottiite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Hennomartinite (TL)9.BE.05SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Henritermierite9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Holtstamite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Liebenbergite9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manganvesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mozartite9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)9.DB.30Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Noelbensonite9.BE.05BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite9.EC.20KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Olmiite (TL)9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)9.EE.30Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oxy-dravite9.CK.05Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oyelite9.HA.80Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Poldervaartite (TL)9.AF.90CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)9.DE.25[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ruizite9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sogdianite9.CM.05K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Taikanite9.DH.25Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tweddillite (TL)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite9.AG.60CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Wesselsite (TL)9.EA.05SrCuSi4O10
Willemseite9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Gadolinite'-
'Gageite-2M'-(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'-Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Talnakhite ?2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (FRL)7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pentaborates
Gowerite26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Kalistrontite28.4.3.2K2Sr(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Omongwaite (TL)29.6.1.2Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Vonbezingite (TL)31.5.1.1Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite ?32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Jouravskite32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Arsenbrackebuschite40.2.8.2Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Gatehouseite41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Gamagarite (TL)41.10.4.3Ba2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Arsentsumebite43.4.2.2Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Glaucochroite51.3.2.3CaMn2+SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Liebenbergite51.3.1.3(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Mozartite52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Vuagnatite52.4.2.2CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hennomartinite (TL)56.2.3.2SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kentrolite56.2.10.2Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)58.2.1a.12{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sogdianite63.2.1a.13K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Nchwaningite (TL)65.1.8.1Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite65.2.2.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
'Gageite-2M'65.3.2.2a(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Taikanite65.3.3.1Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)66.1.3c.13[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Guidottiite (TL)71.1.4.8Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Effenbergerite (TL)71.2.3.3BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite71.2.2b.16LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Norrishite71.2.2b.11KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Willemseite71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Clinotobermorite72.3.2.2[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Oyelite72.3.2.8Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Orlymanite (TL)73.2.2b.2Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Poldervaartite (TL)78.1.8.1CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Andradite
var: Hydroandradite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Cyprine (TL)-Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Diaspore
var: Mangan-diaspore
-AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Gadolinite'-
Gageite-Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Holtstamite (TL)-Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Manganese' ?-Mn
'Manganese Oxides'-
Manganvesuvianite (TL)-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
'Monazite'-
Noelbensonite-BaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Olmiite (TL)-CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxy-dravite-Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tokyoite-Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tweddillite (TL)-{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)'-Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
'Wad'-
Wesselsite (TL)-SrCuSi4O10

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
H Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
H StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
H OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
H HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
H Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
H CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
H DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
H CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
H OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
H NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
H Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
H GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
H ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H TokyoiteBa2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
H HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
H FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
LiLithium
Li Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Li LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Li Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Li NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Li SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
B GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C DiamondC
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C VateriteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
O Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
O StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
O OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
O HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
O PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
O Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
O HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
O ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
O ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
O CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
O DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
O MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
O CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
O Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
O OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
O NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
O OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
O Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
O GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
O SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
O GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SideriteFeCO3
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
O ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O TokyoiteBa2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
O Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MarokiteCaMn23+O4
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
O VateriteCaCO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
O OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
O GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
O VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
O SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
O FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O TridymiteSiO2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O BloodstoneSiO2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BunseniteNiO
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
O WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
FFluorine
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
F Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
NaSodium
Na LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Na Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Na CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Na DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Na MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Na OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Na ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Na Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mg Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Mg CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Mg ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Al CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Al ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Al SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Al ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Si Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Si StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Si EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Si HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Si PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Si HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Si ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Si ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Si CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Si DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Si MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Si CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Si Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Si NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Si OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Si Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Si GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Si Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Si NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Si OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Si VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si BloodstoneSiO2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Si Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Si WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
PPhosphorus
P LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
P GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
S OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
S SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
S ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
S GalenaPbS
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S MilleriteNiS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
K Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
K LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
K SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
K NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
K SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Ca OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Ca Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Ca DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Ca CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Ca Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Ca OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Ca ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Ca OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Ca SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Ca DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Ca GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Ca OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Ca NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Ca Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Ca VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
VVanadium
V GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
V BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
V TokyoiteBa2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
V Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mn Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Mn StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Mn OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mn HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mn PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Mn NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mn OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Mn SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Mn InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Mn SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Mn GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn TokyoiteBa2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Mn Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mn JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Mn Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Mn BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Mn Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mn HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Mn LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Mn MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Mn MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Mn NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Mn FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn ManganeseMn
FeIron
Fe ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Fe GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Fe GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Fe SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Fe SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Fe Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni BunseniteNiO
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Ni Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Ni WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
CuCopper
Cu EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Cu VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Cu LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Cu ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Cu ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Cu DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Cu CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Cu ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
As ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
As Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
As BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Sr StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sr HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Sr Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Sr CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Sr MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Sr KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
ZrZirconium
Zr SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Ba ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Ba ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Ba GamagariteBa2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Ba TokyoiteBa2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba Unnamed (possible ordered As-analogue of Tokyoite)Ba2Mn[(As,V)O4]2(OH)
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Ba BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Pb ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Pb KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Stenian : 1040 Ma to 1010 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Mesoproterozoic
   Stenian
ⓘ Norrishite (youngest age)1010 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa
ⓘ Norrishite (oldest age)1040 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa

Localities in this Region
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Mineral and/or Locality  
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