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Gossan Lead Mining District, Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province, Carroll Co., Virginia, USAi
Regional Level Types
Gossan Lead Mining DistrictMining District
Southern Section-Blue Ridge ProvinceProvince
Carroll Co.County
VirginiaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° North , 80° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~13km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


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Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

59 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region:USGS Professional Paper 179
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Description: Dietrich (1990) erroneously attributed the occurrence of alleghanyite (as well as galaxite) to Galax, Virginia, but the mineral was found in the nearby Bald Knob deposit in North Carolina.
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:166.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Asbestos'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region:USGS Professional Paper 179
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Description: Dietrich (1990) erroneously attributed the (type) locality of galaxite to Galax, Virginia, but the mineral was found in the nearby Bald Knob deposit in North Carolina.
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:166.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Callahan,J.E., Craig,J.R and Bean,W.C.,1994,Telluride mineral occurrences in the southeastern United States:Geological Society of America,Southeastern Section,Abs,with Programs,v.24,n.2,p.6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Hornblende'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region:USGS Professional Paper 179
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Mica Group'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Pilsenite ?
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Callahan,J.E., Craig,J.R and Bean,W.C.,1994,Telluride mineral occurrences in the southeastern United States:Geological Society of America,Southeastern Section,Abs,with Programs,v.24,n.2,p.6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :USGS Professional Paper 179
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pilsenite ?2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Galaxite ?4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Ferrohexahydrite7.CB.25FeSO4 · 6H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kornelite7.CB.60Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Alleghanyite ?9.AF.45Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Pilsenite ?2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Galaxite ?7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Ferrohexahydrite29.6.8.3FeSO4 · 6H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Kornelite29.8.2.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Alleghanyite ?52.3.2b.1Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Mn GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3

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