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Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Ossola ValleyValley
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola ProvinceProvince
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Val d'Ossola, Provincia del Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italia


Ossola Valley, or simply Ossola, is a large valley located in the Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and embraces the hydrographic basin of the river Toce. The segment of the main valley, drained by the river Toce, between Premia and Domodossola is known as Antigorio Valley, while the upper segment is known as Formazza Valley. Furthermore, Ossola Valley includes six main side-valleys: Divedro, Bognanco, Antrona, and Anzasca on the right side; Isorno and Vigezzo on the left side.


Note: The guidebook of Bazzetta & Brusoni (1888) is a useful tool for the correct identification of ancient and local toponyms.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

171 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
'Aeschynite'
Habit: aeschynite-(Y)
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Il Regno Minerale nell' Ossola. Aldo G. Roggiani. La Miniera di Rame di Miggiandone (Ornavasso). Domodossola 1942; Jervis G. (1873): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 410 pp.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Tacconi E. (1911): La massa calcarea ed i calcefiri di Candoglia, in Valle del Toce. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 50, (1), 55-88 and (2-3), 89-94; Codara G., Battaini C. (1939): Itinerari mineralogici. I minerali di Candoglia. 1°)Località Vallorba. 2°) Località Cava Madre, Carrettone, Cornovo, Cava del Duomo di Milano). Natura, 30, (4), 196-205.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: In xenoliths.
Reference: Boriani A., Burlini L., Caironi V., Giobbi Origoni E., Sassi A., Sesana E. (1988): Geological and petrological studies on the hercynian plutonism of Serie dei Laghi - geological map of its occurrence between Valsesia and Lago Maggiore (N-Italy). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 43, 2, 367-384.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Albertini, C., Guastoni, A., Vanini, F. (2005): Fomarco. Beudantite, descloizite, stolzite e altri minerali secondari del giacimento di Case Bardot (Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 152-161.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto. G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Jervis G. (1873): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 410 pp.
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Reference: Peyronel Pagliani, G. (1958): I silicati di bario del marmo di Candoglia (Ossola). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 280-300; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Gentile, P., Cavallo, A., Zorzi, F. (2017): Armenite della Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo, Candoglia di Mergozzo (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 51, 3 (3-2017), 188.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Gentile P., Guastoni A., Nestola F., Carini R. (2016): Baotite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 121.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Campostrini, I. - SEM
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Actually the samples are members of beudantite-seignitite group.
Reference: Albertini, C., Guastoni, A., Vanini, F. (2005): Fomarco. Beudantite, descloizite, stolzite e altri minerali secondari del giacimento di Case Bardot (Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 152-161.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Description: The carpholite from Ornavasso is a Mn-bearing variety of dumortierite.
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1987): Minerali ossolani, 10 anni dopo: errata corrige e novità. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1987, 195-200
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Roggiani, A.G. (1975): Ossola minerale. Estratto da “Novara”, Bimestrale edito dalla Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato e Agricoltura di Novara, n°3, Tipografia San Gaudenzio, Novara, 112 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Boriani A. (1965): L'anfibolite a orneblenda e cummingtonite di Ornavasso (Val d'Ossola). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 25-35; Boriani A., Minutti L. (1965): La cummingtonite di Ornavasso (ricerche roentgenografiche). Rend. Ist. Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, A , Scienze matematiche, fisiche, chimiche e geologiche, 99, 412-424; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Albertini, C., Guastoni, A., Vanini, F. (2005): Fomarco. Beudantite, descloizite, stolzite e altri minerali secondari del giacimento di Case Bardot (Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 152-161.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Fergusonite-(Y) ?
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Preite, D., Mattioli, V., Cini, V., Besana, G. (1997): Die mineralien von Beura und Villadossola (NO), Oberitalien. Lapis, 5/1997, 13-26.
Ferrocarpholite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Tunesi A., Cavallo A., Colombo A., Rodeghiero F. (2008): La chiesa di Madonna di Campagna e la Parrocchiale di Baceno: provenienza dei materiali lapidei e importanza dell’analisi petrografica. Convegno “La valorizzazione dei prodotti lapidei del Verbano Cusio Ossola: Risultati del Progetto O.S.M.A.T.E.R. (Osservatorio Sub-Alpino Materiali Territorio Restauro) INTERREG IIIA”, Crevoladossola (VB), 14 marzo 2008, 34 pp. http://www.pietredelvco.it/html/analisi_petrografica.php
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Dana 6: 987.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Vanini F. (2000): Beura e Villadossola: nuovi ritrovamenti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 2, 123-124.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Habit: lamellar xls
Colour: black
Description: xls to several cm.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Hydroxylclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: 'Apatite' - Monazite-(Ce) - Synchysite-(Y) - Kainosite-(Y)) sono analizzate
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Mineral determined by means of Raman spectroscopy.
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi collection.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Spezia, G. (1881-1882): Cenni geognostici e mineralogici sul gneiss di Beura. Atti R. Accademia delle Scienze - Torino, XVII, 655-674
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Meymacite
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 270 pp.
'Mica Group'
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Boscardin, M.; Mattioli, G. & Pierini, C. (1982): Mikrolith und Columbite. LAPIS 7 (3), 17-19
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Boriani A., Burlini L., Caironi V., Giobbi Origoni E., Sassi A., Sesana E. (1988): Geological and petrological studies on the hercynian plutonism of Serie dei Laghi - geological map of its occurrence between Valsesia and Lago Maggiore (N-Italy). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 43, 2, 367-384.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Roggiani A.G. (1969): Opale jalite e scheelite nel granito bianco del Montorfano. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petr., 25, 2, 549-552; Boscardin M. (1972): Informazioni di mineralogia italiana. 21) Opale jalite e scheelite del Montorfano. Notizie Gruppo Mineral. Lombardo, 3, 1 (marzo 1972), 8. ; De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Varvello, S., Bittarello, E., Biagioni, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2013): Owyheeite e svanbergite: novità da Crevoladossola. Micro, 3/2013, 133-137
Paracelsian (TL)
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Type Locality:
Reference: Tacconi, E. (1905): Di un silicato di alluminio e bario dei calcefiri di Candoglia in valle del Toce. Rendiconti del Regio Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Serie II, 38, 636-643.
Parisite-(Ce) ?
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Powellite ?
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Preite, D., Mattioli, V., Cini, V., Besana, G. (1997): Die mineralien von Beura und Villadossola (NO), Oberitalien. Lapis, 5/1997, 13-26.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 1974
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 1974
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Albertini, C., Guastoni, A., Vanini, F. (2005): Fomarco. Beudantite, descloizite, stolzite e altri minerali secondari del giacimento di Case Bardot (Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 152-161.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: The information on the presence of riebeckite in Mont'Orphano granite, probably due to erroneuos interpretations of the original literature, is unfounded. In Palache et al. (1951) the presence of parisite at Mont'Orfano is erroneously reported from veinlets in riebeckite-granite. Mont'Orfano granite does not contain riebeckite and, obviously, the name riebeckite does not appear in the original literature.
Reference: Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York, page 284.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Preite, D., Cini, V., Besana, G. (1998): I minerali di Crevoladossola (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22(3), 10-17.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mattioli V. (1978): Pegmatite di Ornavasso. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 2, 44; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Mattioli V. (1983): I minerali dei differenziati acidi e basici dell'Ossola inferiore (NO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 7, 1 (1/2003), 23-26.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibiotantalite ?
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Varvello, S., Bittarello, E., Biagioni, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2013): Owyheeite e svanbergite: novità da Crevoladossola. Micro, 3/2013, 133-137
'Synchysite'
Reference: R.M.I. 1997 n. 2 pg. 157 to 170 / Mattioli V. years 1978-1979-1985-1987-1988
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: 'Apatite' - Monazite-(Ce) - Synchysite-(Y) - Kainosite-(Y)) sono analizzate
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Tanteuxenite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 1974
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Taramellite (TL)
Formula: Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Type Locality:
Reference: Tacconi, E. (1908): Taramellite, nuovo silicato di ferro e bario. Rendiconti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie V, 18, 810-814; Tacconi, E. (1908): Ueber Taramellit, ein neues Mineral. Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1908, 506-508; Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Edizioni Atlas Bergamo.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Campostrini, I. - SEM
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Garuti, G.; Fiandri, P.; Rossi, A. (1986): Sulfide composition and phase relations in the Fe-Ni-Cu ore deposits of the Ivrea-Verbano basic complex (western Alps, Italy). Mineral. Deposita 22, 22-34.
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 1974
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto. G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wenkite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Papageorgakis, J. (1959): Ein neues Bariummineral des Marmors von Candoglia in der unteren Val d’Ossola. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 39, 333-335; Papageorgakis, J. (1962): Wenkit, ein neues Mineral von Candoglia. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 42, 269-274; AmMin 48:213 (1963); Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Mattioli, V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Albertini, C., Gentile, P., Nibbio, F., Panighetti, A., Ponti, C. (2017): Wenkite. Un raro minerale delle cave di Candoglia, Mergozzo (Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 51, 3 (3-2017), 190-196.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: ; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 270 pp.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zeunerite ?
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: A. Rosso, 2006 pers. comm. (M.E. Ciriotti, 2007)
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Gallitelli P. (1938): Ricerche petrografiche sul Montorfano (Lago Maggiore). Mem. R. Acc. Sci. Lett. Arti Modena, 3, 1-92; Scaini G. (1939): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Mergozzo. Località: cave di granito bianco di Mont’Orfano. Natura, 30, 3, 155-159; Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Meymacite4.FJ.05WO3 · 2H2O
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stibiotantalite ?4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y) ?4.DG.05Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce) ?5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fergusonite-(Y) ?7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Powellite ?7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zeunerite ?8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Armenite9.CM.05BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Carpholite ?9.DB.05Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrocarpholite9.DB.05(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hydroxylclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paracelsian (TL)9.FA.40Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Riebeckite ?9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taramellite (TL)9.CE.20Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wenkite (TL)9.GD.25(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite' ?-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Owyheeite3.5.10.1Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Meymacite4.5.3.1WO3 · 2H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y) ?8.1.1.1YNbO4
Stibiotantalite ?8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y) ?8.3.8.3Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce) ?16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite ?40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite ?48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Armenite63.2.1b.1BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 4-membered rings with [Si2O7] dimers
Taramellite (TL)64.3.1.1Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Carpholite ?65.1.5.1Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Ferrocarpholite65.1.5.2(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Paracelsian (TL)76.1.5.1Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Wenkite (TL)76.2.5.16(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite' ?-
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylclinohumite-Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Riebeckite ?-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C GraphiteC
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
O TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O UraniniteUO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O PericlaseMgO
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O FerberiteFeWO4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HübneriteMnWO4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AragoniteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NaSodium
Na Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Al CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Si TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Si CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S AnglesitePbSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S TroiliteFeS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S TungsteniteWS2
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
ClChlorine
Cl TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
KPotassium
K Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
TiTitanium
Ti TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Ti Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
FeIron
Fe TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
BaBarium
Ba ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Ba TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W FerberiteFeWO4
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
W TungsteniteWS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Bazzetta G.G., Brusoni E. (1888): Guida storico-descrittiva e itineraria dell'Ossola e sue adiacenze (Valli d'Intra, Val Cannobina e Valle Maggia). Stab. Tipografico Brusa e Macchi, Arona, LXVII + 239 pp.
- Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
- Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.

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