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Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe; Klein Spitzkoppe), Spitzkopje Area, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe; Klein Spitzkoppe)- not defined -
Spitzkopje AreaArea
Karibib- not defined -
Erongo RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 51' 30'' South , 15° 3' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -21.85833,15.05278
GeoHash:G#: kk4ewsc1g
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Located 30 km from Usakos next to the main road to Swakopmund. Remnant of a ring complex that has extensively occurring miarolitic cavities with superb crystals.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/berndtite.pdf#search=%22berndtite%22
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: www.namibiaminerals.com
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Found in miarolitic cavities.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 288 pp (in English).
'Biotite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 333 pp;
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Fergusonite'
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Description: The ferronigerites reported for this locality are from the Three Aloes Tantalite Mine.
Reference: Ernst A. Schnaitmann
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Description: Ilvaite is unlikely-not a typical miarole or pegmatite mineral
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.prodg.cc/johnston/spitzkoppe.htm
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: Found at the Stiepelmann pegmatite only at the Klein Spitzkoppe, as flakes imbedded in microcline
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Opal hyalite
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Ottemannite ?
Formula: beta Sn2S3
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ottemannite.pdf#search=%22ottemannite%22
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 333 pp;
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Visited the site in April 2014 bought a specimen excellent quality and size 23cm X 7cm X 6cm. (see mindat photo 612365) Note this is a rare find as the crystals found here usually lack clarity and luster when the size increases.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berndtite2.EA.20SnS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Ottemannite ?2.DB.10beta Sn2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferronigerite-2N1S ?4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ilvaite ?9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Ottemannite ?2.11.9.1beta Sn2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Berndtite2.12.14.5SnS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S ?7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite ?56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O RutileTiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BerndtiteSnS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
FeIron
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
AsArsenic
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn BerndtiteSnS2
Sn Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
Sn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C., (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839.
Cairncross, B. Huizenga, J.M. and Campbell, I.C. (1998). Topaz, aquamarine, and other beryls from Klein Spitzkoppe, Nambia. Gems & Gemology, Vol. XXXIV, Summer 1998, 114-125.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.
Cairncross, B. (2005): Famous Mineral Localities, Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record 36(4), 317-335.
Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9.
Haapala, I., Frindt, S. Kandara, J. (2007): Cretaceous Gross Spitzkoppe and Klein Spitzkoppe stocks in Namibia: Topaz-bearing A-type granites related to continental rifting and mantle plume. Lithos 97, 174-192.
Böllinghaus, T. (2016): Topase von der Kleinen Spitzkoppe in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 27(1), 32-55 (in German). [very detailed, also on new finds]

Localities in this Region
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