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Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe; Klein Spitzkoppe), Spitzkopje Area, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 51' 30'' South , 15° 3' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -21.85833,15.05278
GeoHash:G#: kk4ewsc1g
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Located 30 km from Usakos next to the main road to Swakopmund. Remnant of a ring complex that has extensively occurring miarolitic cavities with superb crystals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

50 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: www.namibiaminerals.com
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 288 pp (in English).
'Biotite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Fergusonite'
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.prodg.cc/johnston/spitzkoppe.htm
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 333 pp;
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berndtite2.EA.20SnS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Axinite Group-
Biotite-
Chabazite-
Chlorite Group-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Fergusonite-
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Berndtite2.12.14.5SnS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BerndtiteSnS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
TiTitanium
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SnTin
Sn BerndtiteSnS2
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C., (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839.
Cairncross, B. Huizenga, J.M. and Campbell, I.C. (1998). Topaz, aquamarine, and other beryls from Klein Spitzkoppe, Nambia. Gems & Gemology, Vol. XXXIV, Summer 1998, 114-125.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.
Cairncross, B. (2005): Famous Mineral Localities, Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record 36(4), 317-335.
Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9.
Haapala, I., Frindt, S. Kandara, J. (2007): Cretaceous Gross Spitzkoppe and Klein Spitzkoppe stocks in Namibia: Topaz-bearing A-type granites related to continental rifting and mantle plume. Lithos 97, 174-192.
Böllinghaus, T. (2016): Topase von der Kleinen Spitzkoppe in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 27(1), 32-55 (in German). [very detailed, also on new finds]

Localities in this Region
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Namibia

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