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Ica, Perui
Regional Level Types
IcaRegion
PeruCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ica246,844 (2012)
Chincha Alta153,076 (2012)
Pisco61,869 (2013)
Nazca23,556 (2013)
San Clemente15,815 (2012)
Minas de Marcona15,478 (2012)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1981) 76:677-693
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Huayong Chen, T. Kurtis Kyser und Alan H. Clark (2011): Contrasting fluids and reservoirs in the contiguous Marcona and Mina Justa iron oxide–Cu (–Ag–Au) deposits, south-central Perú. Mineralium Deposita 46, 677-706.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Description: Found in guano beds.
Reference: Taylor (1859) Proceedings of the Academy of Science, Philadelphia: 309 (as Glascerite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 400.
Arcanite var: Taylorite (of Dana)
Formula: (K,NH4)2SO4
Description: Found in guano beds.
Reference: Taylor (1859) Proceedings of the Academy of Science, Philadelphia: 309 (as Glascerite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 400.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group' ?
Description: Axinites attributed to Pampa Blanca are generally from Molletambo, another locality in Ica.
Reference: questionable
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'
Reference: J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 49
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: red
Reference: Teodocio Ramos specimens, Munich 2011
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Thames Valley Minerals Specimen
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 55
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
'Cuprocalcite'
Reference: A A Damour (1878) Bull Soc fr Min 1, 130; Hey 3rd ed.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Yuming Chen and Kaitian Wang (2008): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 32(2), 126-130
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens
Guanine (TL)
Formula: C5H5N5O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Mag 39 (1974), 889
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & Rosales, Z. (2003) Goldene Gips-Kristalle von Las Salinas bei Pisco, Peru. Mineralien Welt, 14(5), 50-51.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Hydrophilite'
Description: As efflorescences on soil.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p71
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Description: Occurs in guano deposits.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Extra Lapis - English No. 10 Opal
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Extra Lapis - English No. 10 Opal
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Huayong Chen, T. Kurtis Kyser und Alan H. Clark (2011): Contrasting fluids and reservoirs in the contiguous Marcona and Mina Justa iron oxide–Cu (–Ag–Au) deposits, south-central Perú. Mineralium Deposita 46, 677-706.
'Pink Opal'
Reference: J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 62
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: - Hyrsl, J. (2013): Neue Funde von Axinit-(Fe) und Epidot nahe Sayan in Zentral-Peru. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 141-144.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Yuming Chen and Kaitian Wang (2008): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 32(2), 126-130
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17.
'Scapolite'
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Teschemacherite
Formula: (NH4)HCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 137.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Teschemacherite5.AA.25(NH4)HCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
var: Taylorite (of Dana)7.AD.05(K,NH4)2SO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Guanine (TL)10.CA.30C5H5N5O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group' ?-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'-
'Cuprocalcite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrophilite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pink Opal'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
AX2
'Hydrophilite'9.2.7.2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Teschemacherite13.1.3.1(NH4)HCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Miscellaneous
Guanine (TL)50.4.5.1C5H5N5O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arcanite
var: Taylorite (of Dana)
-(K,NH4)2SO4
'Axinite Group' ?-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Cuprocalcite'-
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pink Opal'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GuanineC5H5N5O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C GuanineC5H5N5O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
NNitrogen
N GuanineC5H5N5O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
OOxygen
O GuanineC5H5N5O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CupriteCu2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TenoriteCuO
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S CovelliteCuS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S SphaleriteZnS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ArcaniteK2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
KPotassium
K Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate
South America
South America PlateTectonic Plate

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