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Zölz, Krumpengraben, Hafning, Trofaiach, Leoben, Styria, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Zölz- not defined -
Krumpengraben- not defined -
Hafning- not defined -
Trofaiach- not defined -
Leoben- not defined -
Styria- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Zölz, Krumpengraben, Hafning, Trofaiach, Leoben, Steiermark, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 29' 22'' North , 14° 55' 56'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.48944,14.93222
GeoHash:G#: u26w5v1q1
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vordernberg1,045 (2018)4.7km
Eisenerz4,048 (2018)6.1km
Kurzheim127 (2018)7.4km
Gimplach246 (2018)7.4km
Hafning bei Trofaiach493 (2018)8.1km


Historic mercury mine, privately used as storage place nowadays.

The mine is located at approx. N47.48945 E14.93210 at an elevation of 1670 m.

The first mining for iron at this location was recorded in 1540, but it is very likely that miners were there long before, probably already during the 4th century (Roman time, hence the name Römerstollen, 'Roman adit'), but certainly before the 13th century since this adit was driven just by the use of hammer and pick (Schlegel und Eisen).
Possibly the ethnic sequence was like this: Celts > Romans > Slavic > Bajuvaric people passing on mining techniques.

Hg mining is first recorded in 1580. Several adits were driven, still known and visible are the Römerstollen (10 m long) and the Goeth-Stollen (100 m long, still accessible). There were long interruptions until in 1784 cinnabar was mined again. In 1826 Georg Goeth (the author) took over and the Goeth-Stollen was driven and in 1836 near the Grumpensee a furnace with 18 retorts was installed. This made the cumbersome transport of the ore by backpacks to the Schmelz (approx. N47.47321 E14.96402, at elev. 880 m) unnecessary. Since there are no trees at this elevation knee pines (mugo pine) were used to fire the furnace, however this wood did not last very long and they had to transport it again to the Schmelz. The mining was stopped during the winter.
At the Krumpensee there was also a Knappenhaus (accommodation for miners = Knappen).
In 1839 Georg Goeth was appointed Custos of the Museum of the k. k. Landwirtschaftsgesellschaft in Vienna and sold his mining enterprise. In 1855 the mine was closed, mainly because of the lack of experience of the successor.
In 1911 a group of amateur mining aficionados with Gustav Hackl found the old adits and started to repair them. In 1929 the group received the formal mineral rights, but in 1939 it proved impossible to continue and all work stopped.

Between 1837 and 1854 1418 kg of mercury were produced, with the peak of 178 kg in 1841.

It is possible that in early times mining for silver took place in the nearby Silbergraben (approx. N47.49173 E14.92834).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: C.Auer (2012)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hatle, E. (1885) Die Minerale des Herzogthums Steiermark
'Wad'
Reference: Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
SSulfur
S CinnabarHgS
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Silurian
358.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3184925
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3131422
Grauwackenzone, Ostalpine Palaeozoic

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{shale/slate,sandstone,undifferentiated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Goeth, G (1841) : das Herzogtum Steiermark; geographisch – statistisch – topographisch dargestellt, 2. Band, 1841, p.114 – 117.
Hauer, F. & Foetterle, F. (1855) : Geologische Uebersicht der Bergbaue der Oesterreichishen Monarchie, p..38.
Ernst, C. & Hofer, H. (1857) : Oesterreichische Zeitschrift für Berg- und Hüttenwesen, Band 5, 1857,
p.134, 135.
Cotta, B. (1859) : Die Lehre von den Erzlagerstaetten, § 178.
Carnall, R. (1862) : Zeitschrift für das Berg-, Hütten- und Salinenwesen im preussischen Staat, Band 10, p.387
Hatle, E. (1885) Die Minerale des Herzogthums Steiermark, p.31.
Freyn, R. (1901) : Ueber einige neue Mineralfunde und Fundorte in Steiermark , Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark 1901, p.298
Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark (1905), p.298.
Mitt. der geolog. Gesellschaft (1916) Wien IX. Jahrgang 1916. Heft 1 und 2.
Alker, A. (1957) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland - Ennstaleralpen - Eisenerzeralpen / Steirisch-Niederoesterreichische Kalkalpen / Datensammlung.
Flügel, H. W. (1960) Die Geologie des Grazer Berglandes, p.209, 218.
Friedrich, O.M. (1968) : Karte der Minerallagerstaetten der Steiermark, Landesausstellung 1968.
Weiss, A. (1979) : Geschichte des Quecksilberbergbaues in der Steiermark, in Geschichte des Erzberggebietes / Hrsg.: Montanhistorischer Verein Österreich, p. 147 – 159.
Haditsch, J. G. (1986) Die Vorkommen mineralischer Rohstoffe im Bereich des Mittleren Murtales, Archiv fuer Lagerstaettenforschung, GBA Wien p.47.
Ortschronik Gai, Band II, Der Bergbau im Gemeindegebiet.
Weber, L. (1997) Handbuch der Lagerstätten der Erze, Industrieminerale und Energierohstoffe Österreichs. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, Band 19.
Bergbau in der Steiermark (2005 ) - Aktualisierung und Zusammenfassung., p.42.
Friml, J. (2008) : Der Zinnober-Bergbau in der Krumpen bei Trofaiach, Steiermark, ein Literaturverzeichnis in res montanarum 45, 2008, p.72-87.
Lagerstaetten Inventar Nr. 332, gbanr. 138.1387

External Links

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/MittNatVerSt_42_0283-0317.pdf (Freyn, R. über einige neue Mineralfunde und Fundorte in Steiermark Mitt 1901 p.298)

http://www.museum-joanneum.at/upload/file/Mineralogie/Mitteilungen/mitt02/mitt02_1957_65-92_Alker.pdf (Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark, A. Alker. VII.)

http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/oegg/GG_009_1_62.pdf ( Mitt. der geolog. Gesellschaft Wien IX. Jahrgang 1916. Heft 1 und 2.)

http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=EG0004_001_A.pdf (Flügel, H. W. (1960) Die Geologie des Grazer Berglandes.)

http://www.museum-joanneum.at/upload/file/Mineralogie/Mitteilungen/mitt02/mitt02_1957_65-92_Alker.pdf (Alker, A. (1957) . Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark VII, Ausseerland — Ennstaleralpen)

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/ArchivLagerst-GBA_7_0037-0077.pdf (Haditsch, J. G. Die Vorkommen mineralischer Rohstoffe im Bereich des Mittleren Murtales 1986)

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/ArchivLagerst-GBA_19_0001-0607.pdf (Weber, L. (1997) Handbuch der Lagerstätten der Erze, Industrieminerale und Energierohstoffe Österreichs. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, Band 19)

http://www.abfallwirtschaft.steiermark.at/cms/dokumente/10235637_46590/3572dea5/Bergbau_gesamt.pdf (Bergbau in der Steiermark (2005) - Aktualisierung und Zusammenfassung)

http://geomap.geolba.ac.at/IRIS/Identify.cfm?x=146&y=247 (IRIS online)

http://members.aon.at/jowafilm/archiv.htm (Re-building the mine after WWI)


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