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Windhoek Rural, Khomas Region, Namibiai
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Windhoek RuralConstituency
Khomas RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Other Languages:
German:
Windhoek-Land, Khomas, Namibia
Italian:
Windhoek Rurale, regione di Khomas, Namibia
Spanish:
Windhoek Rural, Khomas, Namibia
Cebuano:
Windhoek Rural, Khomas, Namibya
Dutch:
Windhoek Rural Constituency, Khomas, Namibië


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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

170 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Aenigmatite ?
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral. http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Niedermayr, G. (2008): Talk on mineralogical news from Namibia.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.
'Alkali pyroxene'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:587-599
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: icositetrahedric xx up to 2 mm
Colour: white
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:587-599; Econ Geol (1989) 84:603-617
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Van King
Aragonite ?
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Archerite
Formula: (K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Reference: [AmMin 84:193]
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arisite'
Reference: Van King; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Type Locality:
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault, G. Poirier, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, A. C. Roberts, W. Lechner and A. G. Palfi (2010): Arisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable sill (Québec). Can. Mineral. 48, 661-671.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Arisite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Type Locality:
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault and G. Poirier (2010): Arisite-(La), a new REE-fluorcarbonate mineral from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), with descriptions of the crystal structures of arisite-(La) and arisite-(Ce). Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 257-268.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Arnhemite'
Formula: (K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Reference: [South African Speleological Assoc.(1994) 33, 66-69; AmMin 84:193]
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Description: As pseudomorphs after new hexagonal tabular Na-REE-carbonate (U. Kolitsch) and after sazhinite (U. Kolitsch). Also as typical crystals according to other sources (probable confusion with arisite?).
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD- and EDS-analysis; pseudomorph after tabular arisite crystals); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
'Britholite-(La)' ?
Formula: Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analysis)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Moore, J. M. (2010). Comparative Study Of The Onganja Copper Mine, Namibia: A Link Between Neoproterozoic Mesothermal Cu (− Au) Mineralization In Namibia And Zambia. South African Journal of Geology, 113(4), 445-460.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
'Calcioancylite'
Description: No data. Visual identification.
Reference: Joachim Esche
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch and Hans Vidar Ellingsen (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Uwe Kolitsch & Joachim Gröbner (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Canasite ?
Formula: K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Jost, B.M. (2012): Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chondrodite ?
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Description: Reported by Palfi & Wartha (2001) but possibly doubtful.
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 510 pp. (in English)
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [AmMin 84:193]
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Description: Small white or pale blue crystals.
Reference: Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175; Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rock Currier
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna; Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. (1992) Swaknoite [Ca(NH4)2·(HPO4)2·H2O, orthorhombic]: A new mineral from Arnhem cave, Namibia. Bulletin of the South African Speleological Association: 32: 72-74.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Sun, H. et al. (2006) Geological Society of America annual meeting 2006, abstracts, paper # 118-23.
Ellingsenite (TL)
Formula: Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Escheite (TL)
Formula: Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Nestola, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Kolitsch, U., Merlini, M., Blass, G. and Wartha, R. (2018) Escheite, IMA 2018-099. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: Described as "pink incrustations in thin veinlets" (von Knorring and Franke, 1987).
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
'Eudialyte Group'
Description: Pale pinkish glassy platelets.
Reference: Camara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L. A. J., Hawthorne, F. C. (2006): Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 405-418 [Camara et al. (2006) cite only the 1987 paper]; confirmed only in 2008 and 2009: two single specimens with pale pinkish glassy platelets (U. Kolitsch, SXRD)
'Feldspar Group'
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German). ; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Ferro-pargasite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm
Ferro-tschermakite ?
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Convincing analytical data needed
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mind-j.htm.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Habit: prismatic xx up to 12 mm
Colour: colorless, pink, yellow
Description: Refined occupancy of F site: 1.00 (R = 1.8%; Uwe Kolitsch structure refinement) -> fluorapophyllite
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997): Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517; Uwe Kolitsch (structure refinement from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data; R = 1.8%, F-site occupancy: 1.00); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?
Formula: NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Description: Probably confused with fluorapophyllite.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Description: In fact spinel.
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Description: The measured Si:Al ratio ranges between ~3.5:1 and ~4:1 (analyses on crystal faces) and thus straddles, for the Si-richest compositions, the boundary between heulandite-Na and clinoptilolite-Na.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD and EDS analyses); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth collection confirmed by XRD. Horváth, L. & Horváth, E. (2011): Hilairite from the Ariskop quarry, Aris, Namibia. Aris Group Bulletin #16 (2011 11 28); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:587-599
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Description: see Fluorapophyllite
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kaersutite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Description: Probably only as a rock-forming mineral; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 619 (in English)
Kanemite
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Reference: Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175.; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Katophorite ?
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral; described as "Magnesio-aluminokatophorite".
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Kenyaite
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Description: White coatings
Reference: G. Niedermayr (2005): Pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Korobitsynite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Gault, R. A., Petersen, O. V. and Brandstätter, F. (2002): Korobitsynite from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 42-48; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Kozoite-(La)
Formula: (La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Labuntsovite Group'
Reference: Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German)
'Labuntsovite Supergroup'
Reference: If there is nenadkevichite, korobitsynite etc. the must be labuntsovite group - needed for unanalyzed specimens
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lovdarite
Formula: K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Lovozerite Group'
Formula: A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Reference: L. Horvath & G. Y. Chao, unpublished data
Magadiite
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Description: Never confirmed by XRD methods. The specimens labeled "magadiite" probably represent a new mineral. At least some "magadiite" is in fact Unnamed (MSH UK77).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Makatite
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: fibrous xx
Colour: white
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.; Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997) Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganoneptunite ?
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Description: Convincing chemical-analytical details are apparently missing. Note that most (or all?) "manganoneptunite" from Aris is in fact neptunite (Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS(?)); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German). ; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:587-599
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.74-80
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: tabular xx up to 1-2 mm
Colour: milky white
Description: It is one of the main components of Aris phonolites.
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
'Monazite'
Description: Listed as accessory component of matrix.
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Description: Spindle-shaped, yellowish. Also as tiny whitish star-shaped aggregates perched on tuperssuatsiaite needles.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 656 (in English); Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), specimens of Marco Sturla; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Montmorillonite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Mundrabillaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. (1992) Swaknoite [Ca(NH4)2·(HPO4)2·H2O, orthorhombic]: A new mineral from Arnhem cave, Namibia. Bulletin of the South African Speleological Association: 32: 72-74.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Description: Pale greyish brown, tabular.
Reference: Robin Tibbit collection (SXRD analysis by Uwe Kolitsch + EDS analysis by Franz Neuhold); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrophosphate
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997): Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Petersen et al.: Mineralienwelt 15(2): 44-48 (2004); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Habit: Short prismatic to blocky.
Colour: Black; small crystals are dark red.
Description: Often twinned. Note: Most manganoneptunites turned out to be neptunites; the occurrence of neptunite has not been reliably confirmed (Blaß et al., 2014; Kolitsch et al., 2016).
Reference: Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Oxy-dravite
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Sun, H. et al. (2006) Geological Society of America annual meeting 2006, abstracts, paper # 118-23.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Polylithionite ?
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Habit: Micaceous hexagonal xx up to 2 mm.
Colour: white, with greenish hue
Description: Analytical details missing in all references.
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm; Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German); Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrocoproite'
Formula: (K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Description: Considered a pre-cursor material for arnhemite.
Reference: [Proc.12th Int.Congr.Speleology, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland,97/233-235; AmMin 84:197]
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
'Pyrophosphite'
Formula: K2Ca(P2O7)
Reference: [Bull. South African Speleological Assoc.(1994) 33, 66-69; AmMin 84:193]
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Niedermayr, G. & Schnaitmann, E. A. (2010): Neuigkeiten aus Namiba. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 89-96.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Description: As accessory component of the phonolite.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
'Rosenbuschite Group'
Description: Small (up to ~20 micron) grains, not uncommon in thin sections. Chemical composition intermediate between rosenbuschite and götzenite.
Reference: Prof. Friedrich Koller, University of Vienna (chemical analyses on thin sections; pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 7/2009)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Sagenite'
Reference: Locker, H. (2011): "Alpine" Rutile und Quarzkristalle: Rooisand am Gamsberg/Namibia. Lapis 36 (7-8), 21-25.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Sazhinite'
Reference: Domenico Priete photo; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Sazhinite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Habit: xx up to 3 mm
Colour: white-yellowish
Description: NOTE: Some xls or regions within xls are actually La-dominant. Sazhinite-(La) has been recently approved by the IMA.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Camara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L. A. J., Hawthorne, F. C. (2006): Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 405-418.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Moore, J. M. (2010). Comparative Study Of The Onganja Copper Mine, Namibia: A Link Between Neoproterozoic Mesothermal Cu (− Au) Mineralization In Namibia And Zambia. South African Journal of Geology, 113(4), 445-460.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Description: Specimen of Ellingsen (2006) may be marshallsussmanite (Kolitsch et al., 2016).
Reference: Ellingsen, H. V. (2006): Sérandit aus Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 51. (in German); Prof. Friedrich Koller, University of Vienna (chemical analyses on thin sections; pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 7/2009); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Keith Compton
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Reference: Joachim Esche collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Horváth collection XRD & EDS analyzed; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Steacyite Group'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (several crystal structure refinements)
Swaknoite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. (1992) Swaknoite [Ca(NH4)2·(HPO4)2·H2O, orthorhombic]: A new mineral from Arnhem cave, Namibia. Bulletin of the South African Speleological Association: 32: 72-74.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 363 pp. (in English)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: As accessory component of the phonolite; also as microscopic grains in voids.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), specimens of Marco Sturla; Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analysis)
Thornasite
Formula: (Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Reference: Paula Piilonen, unpublished results; Horváth specimen collected in 2011 confirmed by XRD; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Description: No description given.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Description: Black needles; preliminarily IDed as todorokite. More analyses necessary.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Tsepinite-Na
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German)
Tuperssuatsiaite
Formula: Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: acicular xx up to 1 cm
Colour: red-brown, dark brown, green
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65 [as "unknown iron silicate"]; von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.; Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280; Cámara, F., Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L. and Buseck, P. R. (2002): The structure of Mn-rich tuperssuatsiaite: A palygorskite-related mineral. Am. Mineral. 87, 1458-1463; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179. [includes analysis of a tuperss.]
Turkestanite ?
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Description: Tetragonal tabular xls. Quant. chem. analysis not done yet; might be steacyite (or iraqite?)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Rastsvetaeva, R. K., Aksenov, S. M., Chukanov, N. V. and Tremmel, G. (2013): Crystal structure of a new mineral of the labuntsovite group: Ca, Na-ordered analogue of korobitsynite. Doklady Physical Chemistry, 452, Part 2, 239-242; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'
Formula: (Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'
Formula: Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Laurence Garvie et al., IMA proposal in prep. (ca. 2003); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'
Formula: NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Reference: Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Verin, I.A. (2012): Crystal structure of the NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7·5H2O mineral: A new representative of the palygorskite group. Crystallography Reports, 57, 43-48.
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'
Formula: Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), William Lechner specimens
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'
Formula: ~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov chemical-analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished data)
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished data)
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Colour: pink
Description: Weak red fluorescence to LW UV.
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992) Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.; Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997) Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016) Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Wairakite ?
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
'Wakefieldite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 810 (in English)
Windhoekite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Blab, G., Belakovsky, D.I. and Van, K.V. (2011) Windhoekite, IMA 2010-083. CNMNC 2536 Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Habit: pseudo-tetrahedric xx, often twinned
Colour: brown
Description: 15 R polytype confirmed on one specimen.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Yofortierite
Formula: Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Description: XRD-analysed only (chem. composition not studied)[source?]
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.[listed as associated mineral, no details given]
Zakharovite
Formula: Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Description: Listed without description. In fact, all analysed "zakharovite" specimens turned out to be the unnamed Fe-analogue of zakharovite.
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244 (abs.)
Zakharovite var: Ferroan Zakharovite
Formula: Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Description: All analyses so far indicate a composition corresponding to the Fe-analogue of zakharovite (the description in Wartha et al., 2001, is misleading).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
'Zinnwaldite' ?
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Gahnite ?4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite ?5.AB.15CaCO3
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.18NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Arisite-(La) (TL)5.BD.18NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20a(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kozoite-(La)5.DC.05(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Archerite8.AD.15(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
'Arnhemite'8.FC.20(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Dittmarite8.CH.20(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Mundrabillaite8.CJ.10(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Natrophosphate8.DN.05Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
'Pyrocoproite'8.FA.20(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
'Pyrophosphite'8.FA.20K2Ca(P2O7)
Swaknoite (TL)8.CJ.10(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite ?9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Canasite ?9.DG.80K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chondrodite ?9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite9.EC.15K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?9.EA.15NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Heulandite-Na9.GE.05(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaersutite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kanemite9.EF.25HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Katophorite ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kenyaite9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Korobitsynite9.CE.30aNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Labuntsovite-Mn9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lovdarite9.GF.15K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Magadiite9.EA.20Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Makatite9.EE.45Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Manganoneptunite ?9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite ?9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Oxy-dravite9.CK.05Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite ?9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sazhinite-(Ce)9.EA.30Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)9.EA.30Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Steacyite9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thornasite9.GF.50(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tsepinite-Na9.CE.30bNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite9.EE.20Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Turkestanite ?9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Wairakite ?9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Windhoekite (TL)9.EE.20Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Yofortierite9.EE.20Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Zakharovite ?9.EE.65Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
var: Ferroan Zakharovite ?9.EE.65Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Alkali pyroxene'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Arisite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Britholite-(La)' ?-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Calcioancylite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Copiapite Group'-
Ellingsenite (TL)-Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Escheite (TL)- Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Labuntsovite Group'-
'Labuntsovite Supergroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lovozerite Group'-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rosenbuschite Group'-
'Sagenite'-
'Sazhinite'-
'Scapolite'-
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
'Steacyite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'-(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'-(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'-Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'-HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'-Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'-NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'-~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
'Wakefieldite'-
'Zinnwaldite' ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite ?7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'16a.1.2.2(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)16a.5.7.1NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Arisite-(La) (TL)16a.5.7.2NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Archerite37.1.4.2(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Miscellaneous
'Pyrophosphite'38.5.8.K2Ca(P2O7)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Mundrabillaite39.3.3.1(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Swaknoite (TL)39.3.4.1(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Dittmarite40.1.2.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Natrophosphate42.13.9.1Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite ?52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite ?66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katophorite ?66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite ?69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite ?70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite ?71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite ?71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Thornasite72.1.2.1(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Sazhinite-(Ce)72.2.1.3Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?72.3.1.3NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Kanemite73.1.5.1HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Makatite74.3.5.2Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite74.3.1a.2Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Yofortierite74.3.1a.3Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Wairakite ?77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Zakharovite ?78.1.17.1Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Canasite ?78.5.4.1K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Lovdarite78.6.2.1K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Kenyaite78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Magadiite78.7.12.1Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Alkali pyroxene'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite ?-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arisite'-
'Arnhemite'-(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Britholite-(La)' ?-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Calcioancylite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Copiapite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Ellingsenite (TL)-Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Escheite (TL)- Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite ?-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite-K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Heulandite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Korobitsynite-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Kozoite-(La)-(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
'Labuntsovite Group'-
'Labuntsovite Supergroup'-
Labuntsovite-Mn-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lovozerite Group'-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Monazite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Oxy-dravite-Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrocoproite'-(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Gwindel-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
'Rosenbuschite Group'-
'Sagenite'-
'Sazhinite'-
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)-Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
'Scapolite'-
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
'Steacyite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tsepinite-Na-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Turkestanite ?-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'-(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'-(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'-Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'-HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'-Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'-NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'-~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
'Wakefieldite'-
Windhoekite (TL)-Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Zakharovite
var: Ferroan Zakharovite ?
-Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zinnwaldite' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
H Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
H EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
H Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
H WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
H Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
H Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
H Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
H Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
H MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
H MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
H Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
H Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
H Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
H Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
H Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
H LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
H Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
H Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
H Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
H ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
LiLithium
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Li ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
C Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C GraphiteC
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
C Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
C Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
N Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
N Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
OOxygen
O Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
O Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
O Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
O Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
O EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
O Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
O WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CupriteCu2O
O Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
O Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
O Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
O PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
O Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
O SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
O RutileTiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
O MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
O Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
O Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
O KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
O Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
O Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MolybditeMoO3
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O Quartz (var: Gwindel)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
O Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
O Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
O Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
O Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
O LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
O Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
O Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
O PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
O Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
F Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
F VilliaumiteNaF
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
F PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
NaSodium
Na Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Na Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Na Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Na EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Na Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Na Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Na Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Na SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Na KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Na MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Na MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Na Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na VilliaumiteNaF
Na Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Na Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Na Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Na KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Na Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Na Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
Na Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Na Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Na LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Na Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Na Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Na Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Na ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Mg Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Mg Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Mg Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Al Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Si EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Si Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Si WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Si MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Si MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Si Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Si KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Si Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Si Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Gwindel)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Si Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
Si Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Si Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Si Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Si LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Si Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Si PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Si Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Si ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
P Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
P Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
P Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
P PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
P Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
P Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
SSulfur
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S TroiliteFeS
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
K PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
K Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
K Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
K SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
K Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
K FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
K NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
K VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
K LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
K ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
K PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Ca EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Ca Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Ca WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Ca Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Ca PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
Ca SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Ca Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Ca Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
TiTitanium
Ti Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ti Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Ti KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ti NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Ti Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ti VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
MnManganese
Mn Escheite Ca2NaMnTi5[Si12O34]O2(OH)3·12H2O
Mn Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Mn Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Mn ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Fe Aegirine