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Tsumeb Mine (Tsumcorp Mine), Tsumeb, Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto), Namibia

This page kindly sponsored by Marcus J. Origlieri, Ph.D.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 19° 14' 30'' South , 17° 42' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -19.24194,17.71278
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


A world-famous Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ge-Cd mine, renowned for a wealth of rare and unusual minerals. Discovered and initially operated in 1907 and closed in 1996 for economic reasons.

The Tsumeb Mine is currently operated by Ongopolo, the previous name of 'Tsumcorp Mine' was superseded after the collapse of Tsumeb Corporation Ltd (TCL) after whom the mine was originally named.

Mineralisation is hosted in Neoproterozoic Otavi Dolomite. The ore body is a pipe. It is about 120 by 15 meters in cross section, steeply dipping and extending from the surface to at least 1,000 meters in depth. Controls for ore emplacement include interrupted circular fracturing, core breccia, and an internal mass of pseudo-aplite (Tsumeb Pipe). Local rocks include mainly Late Proterozoic sedimentary terrane.

Workings include extensive underground openings to a depth of 1,000 meters.

The coordinates are those of the De Wet shaft on Main street.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List

Acanthite

Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

Agardite-(Ce)

Alamosite

Albite

Almandine

Anatase

Andyrobertsite (TL)

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Antimony

Aragonite

var: Plumboan Aragonite

var: Tarnowitzite

var: Zincian Aragonite

Arsenbrackebuschite (TL)

Arsendescloizite (TL)

Arseniosiderite

Arsenogoyazite

Arsenohopeite (TL)

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite (TL)

Arthurite

Ashoverite

Atacamite

Aurichalcite

Austinite

Azurite

Baileychlore

Bartelkeite (TL)

Baryte

Bayldonite

Beaverite-(Cu)

β-Roselite

Betekhtinite

Betpakdalite-CaCa

Betpakdalite-CaMg (TL)

Beudantite

Biehlite (TL)

'Biotite'

Bornite

Bournonite

Brianyoungite

Briartite

Brochantite

Brucite

Brunogeierite (TL)

Calcioandyrobertsite (TL)

Calcite

Caledonite

Calvertite (TL)

Carminite

'Carnevallite'

Carrollite

Celestine

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chenevixite

Chrysocolla

Chudobaite (TL)

Cinnabar

Claudetite

Clinochlore

Clinoclase

Colusite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copper

Corkite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Covellite

Cubanite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cupropearceite

Cupropolybasite

Davidlloydite (TL)

Descloizite

Devilline

Digenite

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolomite

var: Cobaltoan Dolomite

var: Zincian Dolomite

Dufrénite

Duftite (TL)

'Duftite-alpha'

Dundasite

Dyscrasite

Dzhalindite

Ekatite (TL)

Elyite

Enargite

Epidote

Erikapohlite (TL)

Eugenite

Eyselite (TL)

Fahleite (TL)

Famatinite

Feinglosite (TL)

Ferberite

Ferrilotharmeyerite (TL)

Fleischerite (TL)

Fluorite

Fornacite

Fraipontite

Furutobeite

Gaitite (TL)

Galena

Gallite (TL)

Gallobeudantite (TL)

Galloplumbogummite (TL)

Gartrellite

Gebhardite (TL)

Geminite

Gerdtremmelite (TL)

Germanite (TL)

Germanocolusite

Glaucodot

Goethite

Gold

Gordaite

Graphite

Gratonite

Greenockite

Gypsum

Hedyphane

Helmutwinklerite (TL)

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Hermannroseite (TL)

Heterogenite

Hidalgoite

Hörnesite

Hydrocerussite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydrozincite

Ianbruceite (TL)

Idaite ?

Ilmenite

Itoite (TL)

Jamesite (TL)

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Johillerite (TL)

Kaolinite

Karibibite

Kasolite

Kegelite (TL)

Keyite (TL)

'Kintoreite-Segnitite Series'

Koritnigite (TL)

Köttigite

Krieselite (TL)

Lammerite

Langite

Larsenite

Lavendulan

var: Zinclavendulan (FRL)

Leadhillite

Legrandite

Leightonite

Leiteite (TL)

Lepidocrocite

Linarite

Linnaeite

Ludlockite (TL)

Lukrahnite (TL)

Luzonite

Macphersonite

Maghemite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Maikainite

Malachite

'Manganese Oxides'

Marcasite

Massicot

Mathewrogersite (TL)

Mawbyite

Mawsonite

Melanotekite

Metacinnabar

Metazeunerite

Microcline

Millerite

Mimetite

'Mineral GS1 (of Gebhard)'

Minium

Minrecordite (TL)

Mixite

Molybdenite

Molybdofornacite (TL)

Montmorillonite

Mottramite

Muscovite

Nadorite

Namuwite

'Native Amalgam'

O'Danielite (TL)

Ojuelaite

Olivenite

var: Zincian Olivenite

Orthoclase

Otavite (TL)

Otjisumeite (TL)

Ovamboite (TL)

Palygorskite

Paradamite

Parnauite

Patrónite ?

Perroudite

Pharmacosiderite

Philipsbornite

Philipsburgite

Phlogopite

Phosgenite

Plancheite

Plattnerite

Plumbogummite

var: Ga-rich plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Plumboselite (TL)

Plumbotsumite (TL)

Posnjakite

Powellite

Prosopite

Prosperite (TL)

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Quartz

var: Amethyst

var: Rock Crystal

Queitite (TL)

Realgar

Reinerite (TL)

Renierite

Rhodochrosite

Rosasite

Roxbyite

Rutile

Schaurteite (TL)

Scheelite

Schneiderhöhnite (TL)

Schultenite (TL)

Scorodite

Scotlandite

Segnitite

Seligmannite

Serpierite

Sewardite (TL)

Shattuckite

Siderite

var: Zincian Siderite

Sidpietersite (TL)

Silver

Smithsonite

Söhngeite (TL)

Spertiniite

Sphalerite

Stannite

'Stibiconite'

Stibioclaudetite (TL)

Stibnite

Stolzite

Stottite (TL)

Stranskiite (TL)

Stromeyerite

Sulphur

Sulvanite

Susannite

Talc

Talmessite

Tangeite

Tennantite

Tenorite

Tetrahedrite ?

Thaumasite

Thometzekite (TL)

Tilasite

Titanite

Tremolite

Tsumcorite (TL)

Tsumebite (TL)

Tsumgallite (TL)

Tungstenite

Umangite

'Unnamed (Zn Arsenate)'

Vanackerite (TL)

Vanadinite

Warikahnite (TL)

Whitlockite

Wilhelmkleinite (TL)

Willemite

Witherite

Wulfenite

var: Chillagite

Wurtzite

Yvonite

Zharchikhite

Zincgartrellite (TL)

Zincolivenite

Zincrosasite (TL)

Zincroselite (TL)

Zircon


292 valid minerals. 72 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 1382866
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Maucher, W. (1908) Die Erzlagerstätte von Tsumeb im Otavi-Bezirk im N von Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Z. prakt. Geol.: 16, 24-32.
Busz (1912) Festschr. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforscher und Ärzte, Münster, 182-185 (tsumebite).
Busz (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51, 526 (tsumebite).
Rosický (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51, 521 (tsumebite, as preslite).
Halle (1922) Metall und Erz: 19, 324-325.
Spencer, L.J. and Mountain, E. D. (1926) Schultenite, a new mineral from South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 21, 149-155.
American Mineralogist (1927) 12, 296 (Schultenite).
Moritz, H. (1933) Die sulfidischen Erze der Tsumeb-Mine vom Ausgehenden bis zur XVI Sohle (-460 m). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen A, B.-Bd.: 67, 118-153.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190, 205, 250, 251, 254, 258, 268, 298, 543, 555, 631, 663, 811, 814, 841, 861, 866, 893, 919.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31(237), 501-502 (referring to rosasite from "Tsumeb in South-West Africa").
U. S. National Bureau of Standards (1957) Circular 539/7, 11.
American Mineralogist (1958) 43, 1006 (stottite).
Geier, B.H. and Weber, K. (1958) Reinerit, Zn3(AsO3)2, ein neues Mineral der Tsumeb Mine, Sudwestafrika. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 7-8, 160-167.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1958) 85-96 (stottite).
Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (1958), Monatshefte, 241-264.
Strunz, H. (1959) Tsumeb, seine Erze und Sekundärminerale, insbesondere der neu aufgeschlossenen zweiten Oxydations-Zone. Fortschr. Mineral.: 37, 87-90 (in German).
American Mineralogist (1960) 45, 1315 (abstract) (stranskiite).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1960) 132-142.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1960) 1-7.
Strunz, H. (1960) Stranskiit, ein neues Mineral. Naturwiss.: 47, 376 (in German).
Walenta, K. and Wimmenauer, W. (1961) Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37 [tsumcorite, as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate].
Pelletier, R.A. (1964) Mineral Resources of South Central Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, 126-129.
Naturwissenschaften (1965) 52, 493 (Söhngeite).
American Mineralogist (1966) 51, 1815 (Söhngeite).
Strunz, H. and Tennyson, C. (1967) Schaurteit, ein neues Germaniun-Mineral von Tsumeb/SW-Afrika und seine Paragenese. In: Festschrift Dr. Werner Schaurte. Bauer & Schaurte, Eds., Neuss/Rhein (Germany), 33-47.
American Mineralogist (1970) 55, 1811.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971) 304-309 (tsumcorite).
American Mineralogist (1972) 57, 1558 (tsumcorite).
Mineralogical Record (1972) 3, 200 (wulfenite).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1972) 263.
Geier, B.H. (1973/74) Mineralogische Studie der Blei-, Zink- und Kupferlagerstätte Tsumeb. I.S.W.-Afrik. Ges.: 28, 35-52.
Paar, W. (1973) Langit von Tsumeb. Der Karinthin: 68, 14-18.
Aufschluss (1975) 10, 369.
Medenbach, O. and Schmetzer, K. (1975) Kegelite - ein neues Bleisilikat von Tsumeb. Naturwissenschaften 62, 137 (in German with English abstract). Abstracted in: American Mineralogist 61, 175-176 (1976).
Skinners Mining International Yearbook (1975) 551.
Fortschr. Mineral. (1976) 54, Beiheft 1, 38.
Medenbach, O. and Schmetzer, K. (1976) Kegelite - ein neues Bleisilikat von Tsumeb. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 110-114 (in German). Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1977) 62, 175.
Mining Activities Digest (1976) (May 7) 13.
World Mining (1976) (June 25) 156.
Bartelke - Fahle (1977) Tsumeb - List of Minerals (Munich).
Keller, P. (1977) Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss: 28, 413-415.
Pinch, W.W. and Wilson, W.E. (1977) Minerals: a descriptive list. Mineralogical Record: 8(3), 17-37.
Wilson, W. E., editor (1977) Tsumeb! The world's greatest mineral locality, Mineralogical Record: 8(3), 130 pp [Special Issue].
Hänni, H.A., Stern, W.B., and Glor, M. (1978) New data on stranskiite from Tsumeb, Namibia. American Mineralogist 63, 213-215.
Mineralogical Record (1978) 9, 44.
American Mineralogist (1979) 64, 1331.
Gait, R.I., Sturman, B.D., and Dunn, P.J. (1979) Prosperite, HcaZn2(AsO4)2(OH), a new mineral from Tsumeb, South West Africa (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist 17, 87-92. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, 208.
Mineralogical Record (1979) 10, 113.
Mineralogical Record (1979) 10, 114 (wulfenite).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1979) 203-209.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrografische Mitteilungen (1979) 26, 51-58 (Koritnigite).
American Mineralogist (1980) 65, 407.
Mineralogical Magazine (1980) 43, 1055.
Sturman, B.D. and Dunn, P.J. (1980) Gaitite, H2Ca2Zn(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 197-200.
American Mineralogist (1981) 66, 218-219, 1276.
Chemie der Erde (1981) 40, 201-206.
Chemie der Erde (1981) 40, 105-109.
Keller, P., Hess, H., and Riffel, H. (1981) Die Krystallstruktur von zwei neuen Calcium-Zink-Arsenat-mineralien von Tsumeb/Namibia. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie 156, 70-71 (in German).
Mineralogical Record (1981) 12, 45 (willemite).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1981) 49-55.
American Mineralogist (1982) 67, 1075 (abstract).
American Mineralogist (1982) 67, 415 (lammerite).
Chemie der Erde (1982) 41, 1 (plumbotsumite).
Keller, P. and Bartelke, W. (1982) Tsumeb! New minerals and their associations. Mineralogical Record 13(3) 137-147.
Foord, E.E. and Conklin, N.M. (1982) Stolzite from Tsumeb. Mineralogical Record: 13(3) 149-150.
Keller, P. and Dunn P.J. (1982) Arsendescloizite a new mineral from Tsumeb. Mineralogical Record: 13(3) 155-157.
Keller, P., Hess, H., and Dunn, P.J. (1982) Johillerit, Na(Mg, Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3, ein neues Mineral aus Tsumeb, Namibia. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrografische Mitteilungen, 29, 169–175 (in German with English abstract).
Keller, P., Riffel, H., and Hess, H. (1982) Die Kristallstruktur von Prosperit, Ca2Zn4[H2O/(AsO4)4]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 158, 33-42 (in German).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1983) 289-295.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1983) 159, 75-76.
Keller, P. (1984) Tsumeb/Namibia – eine der spektakulärsten Mineralfundstellen der Erde. Lapis: 9(7-8), 13-62 (in German).
Mineralogical Record (1984) 15, 112.
Schmetzer, K. et al. (1984) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 393-403.
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1985) Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985) 1-6.
Rocks & Minerals (1985) 60, 295.
Schmetzer, K., Nuber, B., and Medenbach, O. (1985) Thometzekite, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia, and symmetry relations in the tsumcorite-helmutwinklerite family. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1985, 446-452.
American Mineralogist (1986) 71, 206-209 (lammerite).
Keller, P. and Innes, J. (1986) Neue Minerale von Tsumeb. Lapis: 11(9), 28-32 (in German).
Keller, P., Innes, J., and Dunn, P.J. (1986) Zincroselite, Ca2Zn(AsO4)2•2H2O, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986): (11), 523-527.
Mineralogical Record (1986) 17, 209, 341.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986) 203-208.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986) 523-527 (zincrosasite).
Rocks & Minerals (1987) 62, 440.
American Mineralogist (1988) 73, 657-661 (stottite).
American Mineralogist (1988) 73, 931 (thometzekite).
American Mineralogist (1988) 73, 932 (zincroselite).
Keller, P. and Hess, H. (1988) Die Kristallstrukturen von O'Danielit, Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3 und Johillerit, Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988, 395-404. (in German).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1988) 167-171.
Dunn, P.J., Braithwaite, R.S.W., Roberts, A.C., and Ramik, R.A. (1990) Kegelite from Tsumeb, Namibia: A redefinition. American Mineralogist: 75, 702-704.
Ingwersen, G. (1990) Die sekundären Mineralbildungen der Pb-Zn-Cu-Lagerstätte Tsumeb, Namibia (Physikalisch-chemische Modelle). Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Stuttgart, Germany.
Mineralogical Record (1990) 21, 102.
Gebhard, G. (1991) Tsumeb: eine deutsch-afrikanische Geschichte. Verlag Christel Gebhard-Giesen, Reichshof, Germany, 239 pp (in German).
Nickel and Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual: 123 (ludlockite).
Canadian Mineralogist (1992) 30, 225-227.
Gebhard, G. and Schlüter, J. (1995) Tsumeb, Namibia: Interessante Neufunde und Neubestimmungen. Lapis: 20(10), 24-32 (in German).
American Mineralogist (1996) 81, 238-243.
Canadian Mineralogist (1996) 34, 1305-1315.
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 29.
Mineralogical Magazine (1997) 61, 285-289.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p, Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H., Friese, K., Adiwidjaja, G., and G. Gebhard (1998) Wilhelmkleinite, ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1998 (12), 558-564.
American Mineralogist (1999) 84, 1197 (wilhelmkleinite).
Canadian Mineralogist (1999) 37, 1269 (sidpietersite).
Canadian Mineralogist (1999) 37, 1275 (sidpietersite).
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Pinch, W.W., and Grice, J.D. (1999) Andyrobertsite and calcioandyrobertsite, two new minerals from the Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 30, 181-186.
Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany, 328 p.
Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita: 34, 273-283.
American Mineralogist (2000) 85, 1323 (sidpietersite).
Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000) The role of evaporites in the genesis of base metal sulphide mineralisation in the Northern Platform of the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia: geochemical and fluid inclusion evidence from carbonate wall rock alteration. Mineralium Deposita: 35, 364-376.
Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2000) Highly undersaturated anions in the crystal structure of andyrobertsite - calcio-andyrobertsite, a doubly acid arsenate of the form K(Cd,Ca)[Cu2+5(AsO4)4{As(OH)2O2}](H2O)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 38, 817-830.
Effenberger, H., Krause, W., Bernhardt, H.-J. and Martin, M. (2000) On the symmetry of tsumcorite group minerals based on the new species rappoldite and zincgartrellite. Mineralogical Magazine: 64, 1109-1126.
European Journal of Mineralogy: 10, 179-206 (zincgartrellite).
Mineralogical Record (2000) 31(2), 204.
Mineralogical Record (2000) 31(2), 205-206 (wilhelmkleinite).
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2000) 234-240.
Brandstätter, F., Kaiser, H., and Niedermayr, G. (2001) Zharchikhit – ein neuer „alter“ Fund von Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt: 12(5), 51-53.
European Journal of Mineralogy (2001) 769.
Krause, W., Blass, G., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Effenberger, H. (2001).
Gutzmer, J. and Cairncross, B. (2001) Germanium-rich Beudantite from Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 32(4), 305-307.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2001) Lukrahnite, CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2[(H2O)(OH)], the calcium analogue of gartrellite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2001) 481-492.
Mineralogical Record (2002) 33, 162.
Roberts, A.C., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Criddle, A.J., and Stirling, J.A.R. (2002) Sewardite, CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2, the Ca-analogue of carminite, from Tsumeb, Namibia: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 40, 1191-1198.
Melcher F. (2003) The Otavi Mountain Land in Namibia: Tsumeb, germanium and snowball earth. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 148.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003) 521-527 (tsumgallite).
Spiridonov, E.M. (2003) Maikainite Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32 and ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32: New minerals in massive sulfide base metal ores. Doklady Earth Sci., 393A, 1329–1332.
Bernard and Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities: 420.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa, pg 32.
The Canadian Mineralogist (2004) 42, 1771-1776.
Keller, P., Lissner, F., Thomas Schleid, T. (2005) Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 181, 1-9.
Pinch, W.W. (2005) Warikahnite. The Mineralogical Record: 36(4), 315.
The Canadian Mineralogist (2005) 43, 655-669.
USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10089357.
Belendorff, K. (2006) Neu von Tsumeb/Namibia: Parkinsonit und Brucit. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 50-51.
Rocks & Minerals (2006) 81, 296-300.
Boni, M., Terracciano, R., Evans, N.J., Laukamp, C., Schneider, J., and Bechstädt, T. (2007) Genesis of Vanadium Ores in the Otavi Mountainland, Namibia. Economic Geology: 102, 441-469.
Mills, S.J. & Birch, W.D. (2007) A mineralogical note: New data on arsenate minerals from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia. Rocks & Minerals: 82(2), 135–139.
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 49-240 pg. (in English).
Blaß, G., Kruijen, F., and Seyb, R. (2009) Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt: 20(5), 60-65 (in German).
Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Raudsepp, M., and Christy, A.G. (2009) The crystal structure of Ga-rich plumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, Mineralogical Magazine: 73(5), 837–845.
Origlieri, M.J., Downs, R.T., Pinch, W.W., Zito, G.L. (2009) Stibioclaudetite AsSbO3 A new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record: 40, 209-213.
CNMNC Newsletter (2010) (June), Mineralogical Magazine: 74, 577.
Krahn, L. (2010) Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis: 35(1), 42-43, 62.
Schluter, J., Geisler, T., Pohl, D., and Thomas, S. (2010) Krieselite, Al2GeO4(F,OH)2: A new mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia, representing the Ge analogue of topaz. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 187, 33-40.
Zindel, J. (2010) Erstnachweis von Klinoklas für Tsumeb. Mineralien-Welt: 21(4), 36-41.
Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y., Ball, N., Back, M., Hawthorne, F.C., and Tait, K. (2011) Ianbruceite, IMA 2011-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2560.
Cooper, M.A., Ball, N., Abdu, Y., Back, M., Tait, K. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011) Davidlloydite, IMA 2011-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2561.
Hawthorne et al. (2011) Davidlloydite, ideally Zn3(AsO4)2(H2O)4, a new arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) region, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine: 76(1), 45–57.
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., and Pinch, W.W. (2011) Plumboselite, Pb3O2(SeO3), a new oxidation zone mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 101, 75–80. Mineralogical Magazine (2011) 75, 2535-2540.
Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011) Betpakdalite-CaMg, IMA 2011-034. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, 2556.
Neuhold, F., Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Lengauer, C.L. (2011) CNMNC Newsletter 8, 291.
Schlüter, J. and Malcherek, T. (2011) Galloplumbogummite, IMA 2010-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., and Gebhard, G. (2011) Erikapohlite, IMA 2010-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2538.
Schlüter, J., Pohl, D., and Gebhard, G. (2011) The new mineral hermannroseite, CaCu(PO4,AsO4)(OH), the phosphate analogue of conichalcite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 188, 135-140.
Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Back, M.E., Tait, K.T., Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., and Gebhard, G. (2012) Ianbruceite, ideally (H2O)2, a new arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) region, Namibia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1119-1131.
Mineral News (2012) New Mineral Names: 28(1) (January) 13.
Neuhold, F., Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Lengauer, C. L. (2012) Arsenohopeite, a new zinc arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine: 76, 603-612.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., and Gebhard, G. (2012) Vanackerite, IMA 2011-114. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812, Mineralogical Magazine: 76, 807-817.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Mihailova, B., and Gebhard, G. (2013) The new mineral erikapohlite, Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6 2H2O, the Ca-dominant analogue of keyite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 190, 319-325.
Acta Crystallographica: 14, 205-208 (stottite).
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 151, 287-299.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., and Mihailova, B. (2014) Galloplumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, a new member of the alunite group with tetravalent charge balance. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 191, 301-309.
Bowell, R.J. (2014) Hydrogeochemistry of the Tsumeb Deposit: Implications for Arsenate Mineral Stability. Pp. 589-628 in Bowell, R.J., Alpers, C.N., Jamieson, H.E., Nordstrom, D.K. and Majzlan, J., Eds. (2014) Arsenic: Environmental Geochemistry, Mineralogy, and Microbiology. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 79, Mineral. Soc. of Am., Chantilly, VA and Geochem. Soc., St. Louis, MO, USA, 635 pp.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., and Gebhard, G. (2016) Vanackerite, a new lead cadmium arsenate of the apatite supergroup from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 79-86.
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp. (in English).

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