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Panlin, Bernardmyo, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmari
Regional Level Types
Panlin- not defined -
Bernardmyo- not defined -
Mogok TownshipTownship
Pyin-Oo-Lwin DistrictDistrict
Mandalay RegionRegion

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
22° 59' 19'' North , 96° 26' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
Mogok90,843 (2016)10.3km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:

The general area of Panlin-Injauk is situated south of Bernardmyo, between the villages of Panlin and Injauk. The mining area at Panlin (1652 m. ASL at the principal mining site), has been known since British times; it is situated to the west of the Mogok-Bernardmyo dirt road, adjacent to Panlin village (22°59'00''N. 96°27'01''E.).
Gem mining takes place at the alluvial gravels along the banks of the Panlin-Chaung by several MGE-joint ventures and some illicit mining operations. In 1999, about thirty joint venture mines were working the alluvium deposits in open-pit, myaw-dwin and lebin mining schemes. By September 2001 only three mines were in operation.
The gems found at Panlin mining site include aquamarine and goshenite, ruby, sapphire, spinel, peridot, quartz, zircon and almandine. - Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Group 9 - Silicates
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Aquamarine
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Ruby
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Peridot

List of minerals for each chemical element

Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

541 - 4000 Ma

ID: 3191083
Precambrian crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok

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