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Htan-yan-sho, Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit), Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmari
Regional Level Types
Htan-yan-sho- not defined -
Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)- not defined -
Mogok TownshipTownship
Pyin-Oo-Lwin DistrictDistrict
Mandalay RegionRegion
MyanmarCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
22° 57' 43'' North , 96° 32' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mogok90,843 (2016)6.1km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Burma


This mining area was known before the 1970s. It is situated about 8 km from Mogok town, between Dattaw in the south-west and Pein-pyit village in the north-east. It is close to the Mogok-Momeik road, forming a natural basin where many gems have accumulated. Another mining area is situated at the base of a marble faulted scarp in contact with garnet-bearing gneiss; leucogranite rocks and several skarns are also known in the same area. For many years gems have been mined in the loos (loo-dwin) situated in the adjacent hill.
In 2001 these mines produced mostly spinels (60%), near-colorless, greenish-blue, purple and other colored sapphires (10%), rubies (5%), other gemstones (25%). In 2004, most gems mined were blue or blue/green sapphires, fewer of fine quality; also some rubies. Other gems found iclude quartz, tourmaline, moonstone, near-colorless to yellowish and greenish chrysoberyl, danburite, topaz, zircon, diopside, fibrolite, amblygonite/montebrasite and andalusite. Vivid green grossular suitable for cutting brilliant gems below 2 carats were also recovered.
Most of the gems are found in sandy byôn using open-pit mining methods. Blue and blue-green sapphires, some milky-silky are also found in the alluvium and they are similar to those found at Pyant-gyi. Some of these sapphires are suitable for heat-treatment to enchance their color and increase their transparency. Rubies and spinels are found in the adjacent primary marble deposits. - Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Colour: Near colorless to yellowish and colorless
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: Near colorless, greenish-blue, purple and other colored
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
'Moonstone'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Sillimanite var: Fibrolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
var: Fibrolite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Moonstone'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Moonstone'-
Sillimanite
var: Fibrolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al CorundumAl2O3
SiSilicon
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
CaCalcium
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

AsiaContinent
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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