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Kyauk-sin (Rock Elephant), Kyatpyin North, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 57' 28'' North , 96° 25' 55'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 22.95778,96.43194
GeoHash:G#: whhdd77de
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Burma


The area is characterized by karst topography. Pink-purplish spinels and rubies are found in different types of marble. Sapphires, moonstone associated with nepheline, taaffeite, jeremejevite, poudretteite, chrysoberyl and other gems are recovered from the skarns and contact zones. In the alluvium rubies and sapphires are often found together with quartz, schorl, topaz and others. Alexandrite and orange-pink (padparadsha-type) sapphires are also reported. Dependent on the season and type of deposit, gem mining takes place using open-pit, letkya-dwin, inbyae, lebin and myaw-dwin methods. - Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Poudretteite
Formula: KNa2B3Si12O30
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 6 - Borates
Jeremejevite6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 9 - Silicates
Poudretteite9.CM.05KNa2B3Si12O30
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Poudretteite63.2.1a.8KNa2B3Si12O30
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
BBoron
B JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
B PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
O PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
O QuartzSiO2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
KPotassium
K PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Precambrian
541 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3191083
Precambrian crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok


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