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Pesyanoe meteorite, Kurganskaya Oblast, Southern Urals, Urals Region, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 30' North , 66° 5' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.50000,66.08333
GeoHash:G#: v3ygxz2qv
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Aubrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Aubrite
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


On 2 October 1933 several stones fell with a total mass of 3.393 kg, the largest being 905 grams.

Pesyanoe is one of only 9 Aubrites (or, 'enstatite achondrites) which have been observed to fall. Aubrites were formed in an extremely reducing environment. They are characterized by their dominant phase (enstatite), but they almost always have small (tiny?) amounts of accompanying diopside, plagioclase, forsterite, Fe-Ni metal, troilite and other rare sulfides.

During the long trip from its original ancient environment to the planet earth Pesyanoe has picked up a few xenoliths. These small inclusions have minerals whose oxidized iron is foreign to Pesyanoe's dominant silicate mineralogy.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,740 mineral species & varietal names listed

Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin), Russia

Economic Region - 1,189 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Thomas R. Watters & Martin Prinz (1979). Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Aubrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: C. A. Lorenz, M. A. Ivanova, G. Kurat & F. Brandstätter (2005). FeO-rich Xenoliths in the Staroye Pesyanoe Aubrite. 36th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract #1612.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.; Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S., Guan, Y., (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 41, Issue 4, p.495-503
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Thomas R. Watters & Martin Prinz (1979). Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: While Olivine in aubrites is usually Forsterite, an FeO-rich clast contains slightly Fayalitic Olivine (Fa14.4).
Reference: Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S. & Guan, Y. (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics 41 (4): 495-503. (April 2006)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.; Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S., Guan, Y., (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 41, Issue 4, p.495-503
'Glass'
Description: Both K-rich glass and K-poor glass are found in the FeO-rich clast
Reference: Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S. & Guan, Y. (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics 41 (4): 495-503. (April 2006)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Gypsum var: Alabaster
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Paul Ramdohr (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Paul Ramdohr (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: While most Pyroxene is Enstatite, an FeO-rich clast contains both Orthopyroxene (Fs13.2,Wo3) and Pigeonite (Fs12.3Wo7.9).
Reference: Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S. & Guan, Y. (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics 41 (4): 495-503. (April 2006)
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Brian Mason (1966). Geochemistry and Meteorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30,#4, 365-374.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Paul Ramdohr (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: While most Pyroxene is Enstatite, an FeO-rich clast contains both Orthopyroxene (Fs13.2,Wo3) and Pigeonite (Fs12.3Wo7.9).
Reference: Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S. & Guan, Y. (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics 41 (4): 495-503. (April 2006)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.; Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S., Guan, Y., (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 41, Issue 4, p.495-503

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Alabaster7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite-Anorthite Series-
Aubrite meteorite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Glass-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Aubrite meteorite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Gypsum
var: Alabaster
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Iron-Fe
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
KPotassium
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
CaCalcium
Ca Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3160568
East European, West Siberian, Turanian plates

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sand}, Minor{sandstone,clay}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185708
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S. & Guan, Y. (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics 41 (4): 495-503. (April 2006)


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