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Sutter's Mill meteorite, Sutter Mill Bar and River (Old Sutter Mill site), Coloma, Coloma District, West Belt, El Dorado Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 48' 14'' North , 120° 54' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.80389,-120.90806
GeoHash:G#: 9qfhb8j3n
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:C
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Carbonaceous chondrite (C chondrite w. prominent CM2 components)
Fall 22 April 2012; mass > 1 kg

The Sutter's Mill meteorite is a carbonaceous chondrite which entered the earth's atmosphere and broke up at about 07:51 Pacific time on April 22, 2012. The ~3m diameter meteoroid entered the atmosphere at ~ 30 km/sec, burst apart at 48 km altitude, and was heard in the Sierra Nevada before a number of pieces were found both immediately and over the next several months. On 3 May 2012 scientists with the Ames Research Center and the SETI Institute utilized an airship to get aerial photography of the strewn field with the current vegetation that may help detect more fragments of the meteorite. As of 12 July 2012, 73 fragments have been publicly documented with a find location, and the largest (SM53) weighs 205 grams. The second largest is (SM50) and only weighs 42 grams. The name comes from the Sutter's Mill California Gold Rush site near where some pieces were recovered.

The lithology is dominated by phyllosilicates and other hydrously altered phases (sulfides, carbonates) and minor oxides. Unfortunately, only a few samples (SM1—SM3) were recovered before rainfall occurred in the recovery zone. As CM chondrites are characterized by pervasive indicators of pre-terrestrial hydration, separating the pre-terrestrial effects from subsequent weathering effects is always delicate and sometimes problematic. Presolar grains (SiC, corundum, possible graphite and diamond) and organic materials are present. In addition this regolith breccia contains other very unusual and somewhat exotic grains and clasts. For example, one very reduced subsample (SM2-4) contains oldhamite. The prominent presence of enstatite, forsterite, and oldhamite in clasts and matrix has generated some caution in classifying the meteorite. Furthermore, some very unusual C and N isotope ratios and abiotic organics are sometimes outside the normal range for CM chondrites. Sutter's Mill is currently listed as simply a carbonaceous chondrite at the Meteoritical Bulletin Database while others would prefer a more specific CM2 or CM-anomalous designation.

An entire issue of Meteoritics & Planetary Science (Nov 2014) was dedicated to Sutter's Mill.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014); Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
'Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014); Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014); Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Schreibersite'1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Oldhamite'2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tochilinite'2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
'Troilite'2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Cronstedtite'9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
AlAluminium
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tertiary - Lopingian
2.588 - 259.1 Ma



ID: 2931721
Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 3 (Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, Northern Mojave Desert and Transverse Ranges)

Age: Phanerozoic (2.588 - 259.1 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Atolia Quartz Monzonite; Coxcomb Granodiorite; Holcomb Quartz Monzonite; Lar Quartz Diorite; Liebre Quartz Monzonite; Mount Pinos Granite; Palms Granite; Sands Granite; Teutonia Quartz Monzonite; White Tank Quartz Monzonite; Vermont Quartz Diorite; Cadiz Valley Batholith; Barcroft Granodiorite; Bass Lake Tonalite; Big Baldy Granite; Boundary Peak Granite; Bridalveil Granite; Burnside Lake Adamellite; Cabin Granodiorite; Cactus Point Granite; Carson Pass Tonalite; Cathedral Peak Granite; Clover Creek Granodiorite; Cottonwood Adamellite; Cow Creek Granodiorite; Dinkey Creek Granodiorite; Ebbetts Pass Granodiorite; El Capitan Granite; Evolution Basin Alaskite; Giant Forest Granodiorite; Half Dome Quartz Monzonite; Hunter Mountain Quartz Monzonite; Inconsolable Granodiorite; Isabella Granodiorite; Johnson Granite Porphyry; Knowles Granodiorite; Lake Edison Granodiorite; Lamarck Granodiorite; Leaning Tower Quartz Monzonite; Lebec Quartz Monzonite; Leidy Adamellite; Lodgepole Granite; Lookout Peak Tonalite; McAfee Adamellite; Mitchell Peak Granodiorite; Mono Creek Granite; Mount Clark Granite; Mount Givens Granodiorite; Pear Lake Quartz Monzonite; Paradise Granodiorite; Pellesier Granite; Pohono Granodiorite; Potwisha Quartz Diorite; Round Valley Peak Granodiorite; Sacatar Quartz Diorite; Sage Hen Adamellite; Sentinel Granodiorite; Stanislaus Meadow Adamellite; Taft Granite; Tamarack Leuco-Adamellite; Tejon Lookout Granite; Tinemaha Granodiorite; Tungsten Hills Quartz Monzonite; Ward Mountain Trondhjemite; Weaver Lake Quartz Monzonite; Wheeler Crest Quartz Monzonite; Whitney Granodiorite. Hunter Mountain Batholith; Inyo Batholith; Sierra Nevada Batholith. Bald Rock Pluton; Bucks Lake Pluton; Bullfrog Pluton; Cartridge Pass Pluton; Cascade Pluton; Dragon Pluton; Grizzly Pluton; Independence Pluton; Merrimac Pluton; Paiute Monument Pluton; Papoose Flat Pluton; Pat Keyes Pluton; Sage Hen Flat Pluton; Santa Rita Flat Pluton; Swedes Flat Pluton; Tuolumne Intrusive Suite; John Muir Intrusive Suite; Shaver Intrusive Suite; Palisade Crest Intrusive Suite; Scheelite Intrusive Suite; Fine Gold Intrusive Suite; Soldier Pass Intrusive Suite; Mount Whitney Intrusive Suite

Description: Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Comments: Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, Transverse Ranges and Mojave Desert. Primarily granodiorite, tonalite, quartz monzonite, and granite ranging in age from Late Triassic to Late Cretaceous. Includes some rocks as old as Permian and possibly a few as young as Tertiary. Three main periods of emplacement (Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous); wide variety of rock types Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{granodiorite}, Minor:{granite,tonalite,quartz diorite,quartz monzonite}, Incidental:{diorite, quartz syenite, quartz monzodiorite, gabbro, trondhjemite, monzonite, monzodiorite, pegmatite, alaskite, aplite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Jurassic - Triassic
145 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3189515
Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (145 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone-carbonate-sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jenniskens, P. (2014) The Sutter's Mill Fall. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1987-1988. (Nov 2014)
Kebukawa et al. (2014) Diamond xenolith and matrix organic matter in Sutter's Mill meteorite measured by C-XANES. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2095-2103. (Nov 2014)
Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046. (Nov 2014)
Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)

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