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Kitwe, Copperbelt Province, Zambiai
Regional Level Types
KitweDistrict
Copperbelt ProvinceProvince
ZambiaCountry

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Baryte crystals are not that rare; see for example Bruce Cairncross Specimen ID: CV6-CAN, of John Sobolewski Specimen ID: HMU-EEE. There is commercial baryte mining in the region also.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107; Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107; Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Dan Weinrich photo
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Korowski, S.P. & Notebaart, C. W. (1978): Libethenite from the Rokana Mine, Zambia. Mineralogical Record. 9 (6): 341-346; Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gilbert Gauthier specimen
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Gilbert Gauthier specimen
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UraniniteUO2
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
CuCopper
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te MeloniteNiTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
UUranium
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2
U BranneriteUTi2O6
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Cambrian : 550 ± 3 Ma to 522 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Cambrian
   Terreneuvian
ⓘ Uraninite (youngest age)522 MaNkana Mine (Rokana Mine), Kitwe, Kitwe, Copperbelt Province, Zambia
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Uraninite (oldest age)550 ± 3 MaNkana Mine (Rokana Mine), Kitwe, Kitwe, Copperbelt Province, Zambia

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitwe_District
Wikidata ID:Q3031351

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate

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