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Lawrence Co., Indiana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lawrence Co.County
IndianaState
USACountry

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Key
04260400014950562056009.jpg
Geode site in Heltonville, Indiana

Lawrence Co., Indiana, USA
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bedford13,347 (2017)
Mitchell4,252 (2017)
Oolitic1,156 (2017)
Avoca583 (2017)
Williams286 (2017)


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Allophane var: Allophane-evansite
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: AmMin 43:983; Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Geodes
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: www.indiana.edu/~librcsd/etext/hoosier/IM-01.html.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.indiana.edu/~librcsd/etext/hoosier/IM-01.html.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Indiana Geo. Sur. pub. B1 (1948)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Callaghan, E. (1948) Endellite deposits in Gardner Mine Ridge, Lawrence County, Indiana: Indiana Dept of Conservation Bulletin 1, pages 6,8 and 15.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.indiana.edu/~librcsd/etext/hoosier/IM-01.html.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: www.indiana.edu/~librcsd/etext/hoosier/IM-01.html.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: www.indiana.edu/~librcsd/etext/hoosier/IM-01.html.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jeff Weismann
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
var: Allophane-evansite9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bitumen'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Allophane
var: Allophane-evansite
-(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bitumen'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Allophane (var: Allophane-evansite)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
NNitrogen
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O CelestineSrSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Allophane (var: Allophane-evansite)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Allophane (var: Allophane-evansite)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Allophane (var: Allophane-evansite)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S CelestineSrSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S MilleriteNiS
S GalenaPbS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Fossils

There are 5 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences14
Youngest Fossil Listed318 Ma (Carboniferous)
Oldest Fossil Listed359 Ma (Late Devonian)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Beech Creek2339.4 - 318.1 Ma (Carboniferous)
Salem Limestone1345 - 323.2 Ma (Carboniferous)
Ramp Creek4345 - 336 Ma (Carboniferous)
Harrodsburg Limestone7345 - 336 Ma (Carboniferous)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Perditocardinia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Rhipidomellidae : Perditocardinia345 - 336 Ma
Carboniferous
Echinoconchus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Echinoconchidae : Echinoconchus353.8 - 342.8 Ma
Carboniferous
Linoproductus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Linoproductidae : Linoproductus339.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Brachythyris
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferida : Brachythyrididae : Brachythyris345 - 336 Ma
Carboniferous
Imbrexia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferida : Spiriferidae : Imbrexia353.8 - 336 Ma
Carboniferous
Torynifer
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferida : Elythidae : Torynifer353.8 - 336 Ma
Carboniferous
Palaeocapulus acutirostre
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Euomphalina : Platyceratidae : Palaeocapulus : Palaeocapulus acutirostre358.9 - 323.2 Ma
Paleozoic
Martinia contracta
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferida : Martiniidae : Martinia : Martinia contracta339.4 - 318.1 Ma
Carboniferous
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 5 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Collett, J. (1874) Geology survey of Lawrence County, Indiana: in Cox, E.T. edited, 5th Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Indiana: 260-314.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_County,_Indiana
Wikidata ID:Q512732
GeoNames ID:4260213

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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