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Simeto River mouth, Catania, Catania Province, Sicily, Italy

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° North , 15° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~14km
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Foce del fiume Simeto, Catania, Provincia di Catania, Sicilia, Italia


Classic locality for the "simetite" variety of amber (of Miocene age), located along the east coast of Sicily to the south of Catania.

The classic finds are reported from shallow waters and beaches, where simetite has been washed up, especially after autumn or winter storms that agitated the seabeds. According to Bombicci (1890), simetite was also found in marl beds along the banks and near the mouth of the Simento River (this area is also known by the local name of Giarretta).


For more information on Sicilian amber, see http://www.mindat.org/loc-14444.html.



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References

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Ferrara, F. (1805) Sopra l’Ambra Siciliana. In: Memorie sopra il Lago Naftia nella Sicilia Meridionale, sopra l'Ambra Siciliana, sopra il Mele Ibleo e la città d'Ibla Megara, sopra Nasso e Callipoli. Reale Stamperia, Palermo, 73-159.
Jervis, G. (1881) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
Bombicci, L. (1890) La collezione di Ambre Siciliane posseduta dal museo di Mineralogia della R. Università di Bologna (dono del Ministero di pubblica istruzione nel 1889) e nuove considerazioni sull’origine dell’Ambra gialla. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 4, 10 (1889-1990), 473-486.
Emery, C. (1891) Le formiche dell'ambra siciliana nel Museo Mineralogico dell'Università di Bologna. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 5, 1 (1890-1891), 567-591.
Cavenago-Bignami Moneta, S. (1980) Gemmologia. 4a edizione riveduta, aggiornata e ampliata. 3 vol. Hoepli, Milano, page 1254.
Fiore, C.E. (ed.) (1996): Dell’ambra siciliana,1639-1805. Testi di antichi autori siciliani. Edizioni Boemi, Catania, 126 pp.
Zilli, C. (1997) Studio sull’ambra siciliana (simetite) del museo di mineralogia L. Bombicci. Tesi di laurea. Università di Bologna, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 107 pp.
Leoni, D. (2011): Caratterizzazione del più importante materiale gemmologico italiano: l'ambra siciliana del Museo di Mineralogia della Sapienza. Tesi di laurea. Università degli Sudi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 49 pp.

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