Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Chelyabinsk meteorite (Chebarkul meteorite), Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Chelyabinsk meteorite (Chebarkul meteorite)Meteorite Fall Location
Chelyabinsk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Moment of explosion of Chebarkul' meteorite.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Trace of Chebarkul' meteorite bolid.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
One of the largest individual fragments of Chebarkul' meteorite.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Moment of explosion of Chebarkul' meteorite.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Trace of Chebarkul' meteorite bolid.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
One of the largest individual fragments of Chebarkul' meteorite.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Moment of explosion of Chebarkul' meteorite.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Trace of Chebarkul' meteorite bolid.

Chelyabinsk meteorite, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Name(s) in local language(s):метеорит Чебаркуль, Челябинская область
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 57' 28'' North , 60° 19' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.95801,60.32393
GeoHash:G#: v3fbssy99
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:LL5 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:LL5
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chebarkul’46,502 (2018)3.1km
Miass167,500 (2012)16.8km
Turgoyak2,275 (2012)25.0km
Timiryazevskiy3,153 (2012)28.2km
Syrostan1,200 (2012)29.4km


Ordinary chondrite, veins (LL5, S4, W0)
Fell, 15 Feb 2013; 1 ton

An unusual bright fireball appeared at 9:22 local time and was accompanied by an air burst and loud detonations destroying many windows in Chelyabinsk and other nearby regions. A few buildings were struck by small stones and a number of people were wounded by falling glass. Thousands of small and intermediate-size stones, usually with fusion crusts, have been recovered over a 40 km long strewn field which was largely covered with snow at the time of impact. A very large stone formed a 7 m hole in Cherbarkul Lake and resulted in the eventual recovery of a 540 kg mass and 7 other smaller fragments. The overall mass recovered over the entire strewn field appears to be well over the formally listed one ton. Fragments recovered at later dates will not always be as unweathered as the first recovered fragments.

Most of the meteorite's mass is that of a moderately well-shocked ordinary chondrite with glass, veins, and a complicated isotopic profile due to multiple impact events over the last 4 billion years. Olivine and pyroxenes constitute most of the meteorite's mass and volume with attendant Fe-Ni metal, troilite, plagioclase feldspar, and a number of minor accessory phases. As of late November 2015 the Chelyabinsk meteorite represents the most massive of 19 LL5 falls listed at the Meteoritical Bulletin Database.

Nota Bene: 'Chelyabinsk' is the formal name of the meteorite as listed at the Meteoritical Bulletin Database. The Cherbarkul Lake fragment is, of course, a quite singular portion of the overall mass.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
Western Siberian basin (Zapadno-Sibirskiy basin), RussiaEconomic Region

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
'Apatite'
Reference: Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.; Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).; Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Fa30 composition
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.; Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
'Feldspar Group'
Description: Mostly albitic plagioclase (Ab86) in Meteorite Bulletin #102.
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033. Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015).
'Fillowite Group'
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Galileiite
Formula: {Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
'Glass'
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Description: Reported in fusion crust.
Reference: Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.; Ruzicka, A. & 4 others.(2015) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. (Aug 2015)[Published Online]; Righter & 27 others (2015) Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819. (Oct 2015).; Na- V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Galileiite8.AC.50{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Fillowite Group'-
'Glass'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Fillowite Group'-
Galileiite-{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
NaSodium
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
P GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
P Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe IronFe
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Fe GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
Fe Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian
419.2 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3187242
Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Silurian (419.2 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Silurian
427.4 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3139401
Urals

Age: Silurian (427.4 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{carbonates}, Minor{sandstone,schist group,basalt group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Borovička, J. et al. (2013): The trajectory, structure and origin of the Chelyabinsk asteroidal impactor. Nature 503, 235–237.
Popova, O. P. et al. (2013): Chelyabinsk airburst, damage assessment, meteorite recovery, and characterization. Science 342, 1069–1073.
Galimov, E. M. et al. (2013): Analytical results for the material of the Chelyabinsk meteorite. Geochem. Int. 51, 522–539.
Elements 9 (2013) p. 234 (June issue)
Shin Ozawa, Masaaki Miyahara, Eiji Ohtani, Olga N. Koroleva, Yoshinori Ito, Konstantin D. Litasov & Nikolay P. Pokhilenko (2014): Jadeite in Chelyabinsk meteorite and the nature of an impact event on its parent body. Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 5033.
Ruzicka, A. et al. (2015): The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 102. [Published online August 2015]
Righter & 27 others (2015): Mineralogy, petrology, chronology, and exposure history of the Chelyabinsk meteorite and parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 (10): 1790-1819.
V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016): Na-Fe-phosphate globules in impact metal-troilite associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, 6052.pdf [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6052.pdf]

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 24, 2019 15:25:00 Page generated: March 18, 2019 21:22:55
Go to top of page