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Swaziland

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Swaziland

Swaziland
Me infront of emerald mine at Doko Village

Dokolwayo Mine, Dokolwayo, Lubombo District, Swaziland
Geological map of Swaziland

Swaziland
Me infront of emerald mine at Doko Village

Dokolwayo Mine, Dokolwayo, Lubombo District, Swaziland
Geological map of Swaziland

Swaziland
Me infront of emerald mine at Doko Village

Dokolwayo Mine, Dokolwayo, Lubombo District, Swaziland
Area:17,364 km2
Locality type:Country
Other/historical names associated with this locality:eSwatini


Formally known as the Kingdom of eSwatini.

Swaziland is former British colony.
It is divided into four districts: Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini and Shiselweni.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Apatite'
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chert'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Clinochrysotile'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mercury
Formula: Hg
'Metabasalt'
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Microlite Group
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthochrysotile'
'Parachrysotile'
'Pegmatite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
'commodity:Tin'
Formula: Sn
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Diamond'1.CB.10aC
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite-(Y)'4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Diaspore'4.FD.10AlO(OH)
'Euxenite-(Y)'4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Armenite'9.CM.05BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Celsian'9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
'Dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite'9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrophyllite'9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chert'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gneiss'-
K Feldspar-
Lepidolite-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Metabasalt-
Mica Group-
Monazite-
Orthochrysotile-
Parachrysotile-
Pegmatite-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Microlite Group8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Armenite63.2.1b.1BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chert'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gneiss'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Metabasalt'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthochrysotile'-
'Parachrysotile'-
'Pegmatite'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DiamondC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O WitheriteBaCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Mesoarchean : 3074 ± 3 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Mesoarchean
ⓘ Zircon3074 ± 3 MaSinceni Mtn, Lubombo District, Swaziland

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hunter, D. R. (1962): The mineral resources of Swaziland. Swaziland Geol. Survey and Mines Dept., Bull. No. 2, 1-111.
Hunter, D. R., D. H. James, J. G. Urie (1963): Swaziland Geological Survey and Mines Department Bulletin No. 3, Geological Survey and Mines Department, Swaziland, xx pp.
Kroonenberg, S. B. (1978): Hand-out on rocks and geological history of Swaziland Geological Survey and Mines Department, Swaziland, xx pp.

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Transvaal, South Africa

Province (Former) - 828 mineral species & varietal names listed

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