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Lanzi Mine (Cava del Piombo; Buca del Piombo), Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge), Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Lanzi Mine (Cava del Piombo; Buca del Piombo)Mine
Campiglia Marittima- not defined -
Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)- not defined -
Livorno ProvinceProvince
Tuscany- not defined -
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera dei Lanzi (Cava del Piombo; Buca del Piombo), Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Monti di Campiglia), Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italia
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° North , 10° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~10km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Abandoned mine, that exploited a Cu-Pb-Ag-Zn sulphide deposit associated with hedenbergite-ilvaite skarn, located in Valle dei Lanzi (also known as Valle di San Silvestro). Both open pit and underground mining operations were performed in this area during the 19th century; the open pit works are known as Cava del Piombo or Buca del Piombo.

The mine consists of various stopes, galleries, and shafts (Levels 0-9, Pozzo Walter, Gallerione, Pozzo Re, Pozzo Lanzi, Pozzo Gowet, Galleria Rogers, Galleria Caprareccia, and Galleria Collins inferiore and superiore).

Ilvaite crystals (up to 3 cm), associated with hyalin and milky crystals of quartz on matrix of fibrous hedenbergite, have been typically found at levels 1-4. These specimens, as well as those from Le Marchand stope at Temperino mine, show strong analogies with some specimens from Dal'negorsk. Noteworthy amethystine quartz crystals have been found at Galleria Collins inferiore.

Large concretionary banded masses of "calamine" (smithsonite and hemimorphite) with aurichalcite on limonite matrix were observed in the 19th century at the oxidised outcrops of the sulphide deposit (Lanzi, level 0; Pozzo Re - Cava di Poggio Palazzetto area).

The presence of variuos sulphates (epsomite, hexahydrite, melanterite, and a member of jarosite-natrojarosite series) has been described by Conticini et al. (1980) at Gallerione, in the so-called "Grotta della johannsenite" (whose name is due to the occurrence of spectacular rosettes and bands of johannsenite, replacing the marbles derived from “Calcare Massiccio” contact metamorphism).


Note: in the 1650s, under the rule of Cosimo I de' Medici, prospections for argentiferous galena were performed in the area of Valle di San Silvestro, which became known as Valle dei Lanzi. In fact, the German-speaking prospectors and metallurgists, who came from Tyrol and Carinthia, were locally called "Lanzi", after the word "Lanzichenecchi", i.e. Landsknechts, the German mercenary soldiers who passed through Tuscany and sacked Rome thirty years before. Between 1556 and 1562 there were various attempts to exploit argentiferous galena at many outcrops, but the main works were performed just below Rocca di San Silvestro (the place is identifiable with the so-called Cava di Poggio Palazzetto) and, eastwards, at the modern open-cut (level 0) of Lanzi mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,321 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


49 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Nannoni R., Pistolesi M., Rossi R. (2012): Miniere e minerali di Campiglia Marittima. La Bancarella Editrice, Piombino (Livorno), 162 pp.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Albertini, C. (1988) Todorokite da diverse località italiane (Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia M.ma, Appennino Parmense). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 95, 29-34; Dini, A., Orlandi, P., and Vezzoni, S. (2013) Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Glaucocerinite
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
'Jarosite-Natrojarosite Series'
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Nannoni R., Pistolesi M., Rossi R. (2012): Miniere e minerali di Campiglia Marittima. La Bancarella Editrice, Piombino (Livorno), 162 pp.
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Nannoni R., Pistolesi M., Rossi R. (2012): Miniere e minerali di Campiglia Marittima. La Bancarella Editrice, Piombino (Livorno), 162 pp.; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55. Editrice, Piombino (Livorno), 162 pp.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Description: As brown lamellar aggregate in association with calcite.
Reference: Orlandi, P., and Albertini, C. (1988) Todorokite da diverse località italiane (Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia M.ma, Appennino Parmense). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 95, 29-34.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Glaucocerinite7.DD.35(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Jarosite-Natrojarosite Series-
Manganese Oxides-
Minohlite-(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Siderotil29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Glaucocerinite31.4.8.1(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Jarosite-Natrojarosite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
Minohlite-(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Minohlite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Minohlite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HawleyiteCdS
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Minohlite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MnManganese
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Minohlite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn Minohlite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
Cd HawleyiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Pilla L. (1845): Sur les filons pyroxèniques et cuprifères de Campiglia en Toscane. Compte rendu Acad. Sci., séance du lundi 17 mars 1845, 811-817.
- vom Rath G. (1868): Die Berge von Campiglia in der Toskanischen Maremme. Zeitschr. Deutsch. Gesell. Geowiss., 20, 307-364.
- D'Achiardi A. (1872-73): Mineralogia della Toscana. Tipografia Nistri, Pisa, 2 vol., 678 pp.
- Jervis G. (1874): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 624 pp.
- Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
- Rodolico F. (1931): Osservazioni cristallografiche sull'ilvaite. Per. Mineral., 2, 122-123.
- Bertolani M. (1958): Osservazioni sulle mineralizzazioni metallifere del Campigliese (Livorno). Per. Mineral., 27, 311-344.
- Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
- De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
- Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308.
Orlandi, P., and Albertini, C. (1988) Todorokite da diverse località italiane (Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia M.ma, Appennino Parmense). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 95, 29-34.
- Nannoni R., Pistolesi M., Rossi R. (2012): Miniere e minerali di Campiglia Marittima. La Bancarella Editrice, Piombino (Livorno), 162 pp.
- Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
- Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.


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