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Hardangervidda West, Odda, Ullensvang, Vestland, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Hardangervidda WestPlateau
OddaMunicipality (Former)
UllensvangMunicipality
VestlandCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° North , 6° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~33km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Vestlige Hardangervidda
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Hardangervidda vest, Odda, Ullensvang kommune, Vestland, Norge


The mountain plateau called Hardangervidda covers an area that is divided by 3 counties (fylker): Hordaland, Telemark and Buskerud. Most of it belongs to the Hardangervidda National Park.

Hardangervidda, especially the western part, also called Hardangervidda West in recent mineralogical literature, which belongs to the Hordaland County, is famous for producing good specimens of anatase and quartz.

This area is again divided between 2 municipalities: Ullensvang and Odda.
Several small quartz producing localities (alpine clefts), a few also with anatase are known from this area.
The localities that have produced most specimens are Matskorhæ , now protected and Dyrfonni.

NOTE: Some of the localities of anatase and quartz are located inside the Hardangervidda National Park, and collecting and removing minerals is strictly forbidden there.

NOTE: Part of the Ullensvang municipality doesn't belong to the Hardangervidda area, and the localities in the area outside Hardangervidda are listed under Ullensvang, Hordaland.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1977): Kvartsforekomster på Hardangervidda. Geologiske observasjoner fra en amatørgeologisk ekspedisjon august 1977. NAGS-nytt 4 (3): 16-20
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Tetragonal bipyramids {111}, embedded in the surface of quartz crystals. Very rare with basal pinacoids has been observed.
Colour: Transparent deep blue to opaque balck with metallic lustre
Description: The largest known crystals found on quartz are 8-9 mm. One incomplete crystal of 13 mm long is found, but found in a cavity in the phyllite Some of the best (might be the best?) groups of anatase crystals on quartz were found here. The Mineralogical Museum of Oslo have some large groups on exchibittion, a must see for anybody visiting Oslo!
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Platy up to 5mm long crystals with a black longitudinal median stripe
Colour: redbrown
Description: Red-brown crystals to 0,5 cm.
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 76
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
'Chlorite Group'
Description: Occurs in some cavities in the phyllite breccia
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1977): Kvartsforekomster på Hardangervidda. Geologiske observasjoner fra en amatørgeologisk ekspedisjon august 1977. NAGS-nytt 4 (3): 16-20
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1977): Kvartsforekomster på Hardangervidda. Geologiske observasjoner fra en amatørgeologisk ekspedisjon august 1977. NAGS-nytt 4 (3): 16-20
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'
Reference: Egil Hollund collection; Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
'Manganese Oxides'
Description: Thin black coating on quartz. Can be removed by gently scrubbing with tooth brush
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
Opal var. Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2015): Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 26(6), 56-85
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1977): Kvartsforekomster på Hardangervidda. Geologiske observasjoner fra en amatørgeologisk ekspedisjon august 1977. NAGS-nytt 4 (3): 16-20
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: long-prismatic. All crystals shows only the hexagonal prism {1010}, the rhombohedrons {1011} and {0111}. Occasionally also trigonal pyramid {11 21} and trigonal trapezohedron {5161}
Colour: colorless, clear (from the vugs), smokey (from the breccia and vein)
Description: A magnificent japan law twin has been found. It is illustrated in STEIN 26(2) p. 61. The largest crystal found: 15cm long and 5 cm in diameter. Crystals 5-10 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter were common.
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271
Quartz var. Rutilated Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: O.T. Ljøstad specimen and photo nr. 277437
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2002): Mineralogische Neuigkeiten aus Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt. 13 (5), 56-59
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Hairlike crystals to 1,5 cm long
Description: Found in cavities in the phyllite
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., og Palmstrøm, A. (1977): Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rutilated Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
Opal
var. Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var. Rutilated Quartz
-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Opal var. HyaliteSiO2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnataseTiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Quartz var. Rutilated QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Opal var. HyaliteSiO2 · nH2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Al Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz var. Rutilated QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Opal var. HyaliteSiO2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup var. ByssoliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Eldjarn, K. (1977) Kvartsforekomster på Hardangervidda. Geologiske observasjoner fra en amatørgeologisk ekspedisjon august 1977. NAGS-nytt: 4(3): 16-20.
Griffin, W.L., Garmo, T., Løvenskiold, H., Palmstrøm, A. (1977) Anatase from Norway. Mineralogical Record: 8: 266-271.
Neumann, H. (1985) Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter: 68: 75.
Nordrum, F.S. (1999) Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 1998-1999. Bergverksmuseets Skrift: 15: 87-90.
Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse (NGU) rapport nr 99.110.
Nordrum, F.S. (2002) Mineralogische Neuigkeiten aus Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt: 13(5): 56-59 [on a find of smoky quartz with rutile-inclusions from an undisclosed locality in Odda].
Nordrum, F.S. (2003) Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2002-2003. Stein: 30(2): 4-10 [on a find of anatase].
Arlt, T. (2005) Die Grösste Anataskluft der Welt. Schweizer Strahler: 4/2005: 7-14.
Nordrum, F.S. (2015) Anatas und weitere Mineralien aus der westlichen Hardangervidda, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt: 26(6): 56-85.
Nordrum, F.S. (2016) Anatas og tilnyttede mineraler fra vestlige Hardangervidda. Stein: 43(3): 4-48.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardangervidda
Wikidata ID:Q1585051

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