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Gale Crater, Aeolis quadrangle, Marsi
Regional Level Types
Gale CraterCrater
Aeolis quadrangleQuadrangle
MarsPlanet

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Latitude & Longitude: 5° 24' South , 137° 48' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -5.40000,137.80000
GeoHash:G#: rp1cr8yys
Locality type:Crater


The NASA rover, Curiosity, landed in the 154km wide Gale Crater, on the plain called Aeolis Palus, on 6 August 2012. In September 2014 the rover reached Aeolis Mons (Mount Sharp).

Aeolis Palus contains, i.a., alkaline sedimentary rock that resemble a rather rare terrestrial rock known as mugearite, typical for ocean islands and rift zones.

The highest Mn content measured on Mars concerns a rock called Caribou (see Yellowknife Bay), within the crater (Lanza et al., 2014).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
'Clays'
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'K Feldspar'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite ?
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite ?9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite ?71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
OOxygen
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CristobaliteSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lanza, N.L., Fischer, W.W., Wiens, R.C., Grotzinger, J., Ollila, A.M., Cousin, A., Anderson, R.B., Clark, B.C., Gellert, F., Mangold, N., Maurice, S., Le Mouélic, S., Nachon, M., Schmidt, M., Berger, J., Clegg, S.M., Forni, O., Hardgrove, C., Melikechi, N., Newsom, H.E., Sautter, V. (2014) High manganese concentrations in rocks at Gale crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters: 41: 5755–5763.
Grotzinger, J.P., Crisp, J.A., Vasavada, A.R., the MSL Science Team (2015) Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars. Elements (Special Issue: Mineralogy of Mars): 11:1, 19-26.

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