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Rotrasten (Rotrasten-Iron; Rottrasten; Rothrasten), Ebene Reichenau, Gurk valley, Gurktaler Alpen, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Rotrasten (Rotrasten-Iron; Rottrasten; Rothrasten)- not defined -
Ebene Reichenau- not defined -
Gurk valleyValley
Gurktaler Alpen- not defined -
Carinthia- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Rotrasten (Rotrasten-Iron; Rottrasten; Rothrasten), Ebene Reichenau, Gurktal, Gurktaler Alpen, Kärnten, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 51' 51'' North , 13° 52' 38'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.86417,13.87722
GeoHash:G#: u23feg35d
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Winkl Reichenau115 (2018)2.4km
Ebene Reichenau333 (2018)3.4km
Vorwald255 (2018)3.8km
Pattergassen246 (2018)5.4km
Zirkitzen386 (2018)7.5km


Occurrences of hematite. Located 1.7 km NW of Ebene Reichenau.

A number of adits were driven and some open pits were dug before WW I and again before WW II, mainly for prospecting purposes. It was believed to be a large contiguous occurrence of hematite but this was not the case. The small volume of ore expected and the remoteness would not allow an economical operation.
O. M. Friedrich came to the same conclusion in 1978.

3 adits are still visible and partly accessible. They are difficult to find, best to follow the description in A. Pichler (2003).

Location of visible adits approx. at N46.86427 E13.87714, elev. 1490 m; N46.86218 E13.88175, elev. 1370 m and N46.86036 E13.88196, elev. 1390 m.

Prospecting was also done around N46.85102 E13.90624, but nothing visible is left.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Pichler, A. (2003) : Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. P.63, 64.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pichler, A. (2003) : Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. P.63, 64.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pichler, A. (2003) : Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. P.63, 64.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3132509
Grauwackenzone, Ostalpine Palaeozoic

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{shale/slate,sandstone,undifferentiated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blondel, F. & L. Marvier, L. (1952) : Symposium sur les gisements de fer du monde: Europe, p.68
Friedich, O.M. (1978) : Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, Kärnten. In : Carinthia II 168./88. Jahrgang, Klagenfurt 1978, p. 13-23.
Oberhauser, R. & Bauer, F. K. (1980) : Der Geologische Aufbau Oesterreichs, p.532
Weber, L. (1997) Handbuch der Lagerstätten der Erze, Industrieminerale und Energierohstoffe Österreichs. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, Band 19.
Pichler, A. (2003) : Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. P.63, 64.

External Links

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/CAR_168_88_0013-0023.pdf (Friedich, O.M. 1978, Notizen über das Eisenglanzvorkommen Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau)


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