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Glavnaya Tenoritovaya fumarole (Major Tenorite), Second scoria cone, Northern Breakthrough (North Breach), Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Oblast, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 40' 59'' North , 160° 13' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.68333,160.23333
GeoHash:G#: z9cuy0y6g
Locality type:Fumarole
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,733 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Avdoninite
Formula: K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Chlorothionite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Chrysothallite
Formula: K6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Dioskouriite
Formula: CaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Kasatkin, A.V., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Dioskouriite, IMA 2015-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Eriochalcite
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Feodosiyite (TL)
Formula: Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Feodosiyite, IMA 2015-063. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1860; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864. ; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Khanin, D.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018): Feodosiyite, Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 195, 27-39
Flinteite
Formula: K2ZnCl4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Mellizinkalite (TL)
Formula: K3Zn2Cl7
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Mellizinkalite, IMA 2014-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Metathénardite (TL)
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Kasatkin, A.V., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Dioskouriite, IMA 2015-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Mitscherlichite
Formula: K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Puninite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cu3O(SO4)3
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Vlasenko, N.S., Turner, R. and Karpov, G.A. (2015) Puninite, IMA 2015-012. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 942; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R., Karpov, G.A. (2017) Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 499-510.
Romanorlovite (TL)
Formula: K8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Romanorlovite, IMA 2014-011. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 557; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
Sanguite (TL)
Formula: KCuCl3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Sanguite, KCuCl3, A New Mineral From the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 633-641
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Sanguite, KCuCl3, A New Mineral From the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 633-641
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Avdoninite'3.DA.55K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
'Belloite'3.DA.10bCu(OH)Cl
'Carnallite'3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
'Eriochalcite'3.BB.05CuCl2 · 2H2O
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Mitscherlichite'3.CJ.15K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
'Sellaite'3.AB.15MgF2
'Sylvite'3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Chalcocyanite'7.AB.10CuSO4
'Chlorothionite'7.BC.25K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Kainite'7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
'Metathénardite' (TL)7.AC.30Na2SO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chrysothallite'-K6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
'Dioskouriite'-CaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
'Feodosiyite' (TL)-Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
'Flinteite'-K2ZnCl4
'Mellizinkalite' (TL)-K3Zn2Cl7
'Puninite' (TL)-Na2Cu3O(SO4)3
'Romanorlovite' (TL)-K8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
'Sanguite' (TL)-KCuCl3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Eriochalcite9.2.8.1CuCl2 · 2H2O
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX4·xH2O
Mitscherlichite11.3.2.1K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Chlorothionite30.1.11.1K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Avdoninite-K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Belloite-Cu(OH)Cl
Chrysothallite-K6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
Dioskouriite-CaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Feodosiyite (TL)-Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Flinteite-K2ZnCl4
Mellizinkalite (TL)-K3Zn2Cl7
Metathénardite (TL)-Na2SO4
Puninite (TL)-Na2Cu3O(SO4)3
Romanorlovite (TL)-K8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
Sanguite (TL)-KCuCl3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
H BelloiteCu(OH)Cl
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
H DioskouriiteCaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
H EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
H FeodosiyiteCu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
H RomanorloviteK8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
OOxygen
O AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
O BelloiteCu(OH)Cl
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
O ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
O DioskouriiteCaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
O EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
O FeodosiyiteCu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O MetathénarditeNa2SO4
O MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
O PuniniteNa2Cu3O(SO4)3
O RomanorloviteK8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
O TenoriteCuO
FFluorine
F SellaiteMgF2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MetathénarditeNa2SO4
Na PuniniteNa2Cu3O(SO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg FeodosiyiteCu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg SellaiteMgF2
SSulfur
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S MetathénarditeNa2SO4
S PuniniteNa2Cu3O(SO4)3
ClChlorine
Cl AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Cl BelloiteCu(OH)Cl
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cl ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
Cl DioskouriiteCaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Cl EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cl FeodosiyiteCu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Cl FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Cl MellizinkaliteK3Zn2Cl7
Cl MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cl RomanorloviteK8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
Cl SanguiteKCuCl3
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
K ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
K FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
K MellizinkaliteK3Zn2Cl7
K MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
K RomanorloviteK8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
K SanguiteKCuCl3
K SylviteKCl
CaCalcium
Ca DioskouriiteCaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Cu BelloiteCu(OH)Cl
Cu ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
Cu ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cu ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
Cu DioskouriiteCaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Cu EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cu FeodosiyiteCu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Cu MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cu PuniniteNa2Cu3O(SO4)3
Cu RomanorloviteK8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
Cu SanguiteKCuCl3
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
Zn MellizinkaliteK3Zn2Cl7
TlThallium
Tl ChrysothalliteK6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3187536
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015) Sanguite, KCuCl3, A New Mineral From the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 633-641.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., and Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015) New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Khanin, D.A., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018) Feodosiyite, Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: 195: 27-39.
Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R., and Karpov, G.A. (2017) Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 499-510.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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