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Glastonbury, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USAi
Regional Level Types
Glastonbury- not defined -
Hartford Co.County
ConnecticutState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 42' 44'' North , 72° 36' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Glastonbury31,876 (2017)0.0km
Glastonbury Center7,387 (2017)1.4km
Wethersfield26,668 (2017)3.7km
East Hartford51,252 (2017)7.8km
Hartford124,006 (2017)8.6km


A town on the east side of the Connecticut River, just southeast of Hartford. The bedrock geology consists of continental clastic sedimentary rocks (Portland Formation) within the Mesozoic Hartford Basin under the westernmost part of town, though these are mostly covered by Pleistocene deposits, and, in the Eastern Highlands, metamorphic rocks of the Bronson Hill terrane under the eastern part of the town. Most of the Bronson Hill bedrock is the Ordovician Glastonbury meta-plutonic gneiss, flanked on the east and west by Collins Hill formation, and unconformably overlain by the Silurian-Devonian meta-sedimentary Fitch, Clough, and Littleton formations in a north-northeast trending syncline near the eastern edge of town. Numerous pegmatites intrude these units, most notably just south of the village of South Glastonbury near the Portland line. This swarm is the northern part of the Middletown Pegmatite District.

The diversity of mineralogy found within the town is dominated by the pegmatites, which include both common and mariolitic, lithium-rich types. Rock forming and accessory metamorphic minerals are found in the meta-plutons and meta-sediments, and low temperature hydrothermal minerals are found in later faults and fractures.

Coordinates are for the town center green.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group' ?
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Barton, W. & C. E. Goldsmith (1968) New England Beryllium investigations. US Bureau Mines RI 7070
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: hexagonal prisms
Colour: colorless
Description: a gem quality flattened crystal 8 cm in diameter retained by Brack family.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:379
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2008
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Habit: massive
Colour: gray
Description: irregular masses in the quartz core, most are altered to bismutite.
Reference: Field observation
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kevin Czaja Collection
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Description: Accessory in the pegmatite.
Reference: Cameron et al. (1954) USGS Professional Paper 255
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:398
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:398
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: elongated prismatic
Colour: green
Description: euhdral crystal to three inches, with scapolite and titanite in a quartz vein
Reference: Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals. Volume 74, Number 2. pp. 110-121.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Barton, W. & C. E. Goldsmith (1968) New England Beryllium investigations. US Bureau Mines RI 7070
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Barton, W. & C. E. Goldsmith (1968) New England Beryllium investigations. US Bureau Mines RI 7070
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:110-121
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: mostly massive, rarely octahedral
Colour: Light pink to dark red
Fluorescence: blue-green
Description: Occurs as small masses or octahedra (which typically crumble) in the northern pegmatite.
Reference: Personally collected by Kevin Czaja.
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Habit: massive to crudely octahedral
Colour: pink to dark red
Fluorescence: blue-green
Description: Crystals or masses typically crumble so rarely intact or on matrix.
Reference: Kevin Czaja Collection
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection
Grayite
Formula: (Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Specimen in collection of Andrew Kruegel
Hematite ?
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: maroon
Description: Red to maroon coatings on feldspars near samarskite and columbite crystals. Qualitative testing suggests hematite.
Reference: Albini, A.J. and Moritz, H. (2013) Collecting samarskite at the historic Spinelli prospect, Glastonbury, Hartford County, Connecticut. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 8.
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Description: Although ishikawaite has been found at some former samarskite-(Y) localities, all analyses of Spinelli Prospect specimens show they are consistent with samarskite-(Y).
Reference: Hanson, S. L., Jarnot, B. M., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Nizamoff, J. W.: (2003) "Nb-Ta-Ti Oxide Minerals from Two Pegmatites of the Middletown Area, Connecticut," abstract in "Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, Part 2, 30th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium", Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 79, No. 4, p. 255.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour: white
Description: most of the feldspar has weathered to this clay.
Reference: Jarnot (1995)
'Lepidolite'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: massive
Colour: pale blue-green
Description: grades into typical white microcline
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Nacrite ?
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Dick Schooner reports (via Januzzi, 1976) finding nacrite in an unspecified pegmatite, no details are provided.
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald. (1976): Mineral Localities of CT & SE NY State, p. 234-5.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs in pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6:892 & 1060.
Pollucite ?
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Description: Reference includes a list of minerals identical to Schooner (1958). No details provided.
Reference: Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World, p.148.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Foye (1922) refers to the Howe #1 quarry, aka Huspband quarry, often misspelled Husband.
Reference: AmMin 7:4
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals. Volume 74, Number 2. pp. 110-121
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals. Volume 74, Number 2. pp. 110-121
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Description: with epidote and titanite in a quartz vein
Reference: Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals. Volume 74, Number 2. pp. 110-121.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:398
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:398
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Colour: dark brown
Reference: Specimen in the collection of Andrew Kruegel identified by SEM-EDS
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: with scapolite and epidote in a quartz vein
Reference: Betts, John. (1999): The Quarries and Minerals of the Dayton Road District, South Glastonbury, Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals. Volume 74, Number 2. pp. 110-121.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Habit: elongated prisms
Colour: red to pink
Description: typically with blue color "cap" on the pedion
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 70:379
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Reference: Personally collected by Kevin Czaja.
Xenotime-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: In the collection of Kevin Czaja.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite ?4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ishikawaite ?4.DB.25U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Grayite8.CJ.45(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Xenotime-(Y) ?8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite ?9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite ?9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group' ?-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Monazite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite ?4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ishikawaite ?8.1.4.1U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Grayite40.4.7.4(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite ?77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group' ?-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Nacrite ?-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz ?
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y) ?-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O UraniniteUO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
NbNiobium
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
PbLead
Pb Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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