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Rio Alfenza, Crodo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Rio Alfenza- not defined -
CrodoCommune
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola ProvinceProvince
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 14' 20'' North , 8° 18' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cravegna190 (2014)0.8km
Crino102 (2014)2.1km
Baceno420 (2014)2.7km
Crodo871 (2014)2.9km
Croveo231 (2014)3.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Rio Alfenza, Crodo, Valle Antigorio, Val d'Ossola, Provincia del Verbania, Piemonte, Italia


Alpine clefts in orthogneiss of the Antigorio nappe.

Titanite (as yellow to pink to orange and green crystals up to 2 cm in size) and the associated minerals are found in rocky walls and landslide boulders in a triangular area, at an elevation between 850 and 1030 m asl, situated on the left bank of Rio Alfenza, a narrow stream that flows along the southeastern slope of Mount Cistella, not far from the fifth turning of the road that leads to Deccia.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Giovanni Scapin Collection
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Alberto Vaghi Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HematiteFe2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
PbLead
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
- Sartori A., Sartori E., Guastoni A. (2012): Titanite nelle fessure alpine di Rio Alfenza, Crodo (VB). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 36, 4 (4-2012), 212-221.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Italy

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