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West Belt, Calaveras Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
West Belt- not defined -
Calaveras Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° North , 120° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~21km


Calaveras County lode gold mines are grouped into three geographic areas: the West Gold Belt, the Mother Lode Belt and the East Gold Belt. Although this grouping is convenient for the sake of discussion of localities, each area has certain distinctive Characteristics as well.

The West Gold Belt generally refers to all lode gold deposits west of the Mother Lode vein system. Since the gold mineralization is sporadic, mine development and production have not been extensive or sustained. The gold-bearing quartz veins generally strike northwestward and dip moderately to the northeast. Country rock is Mariposa slate, greenstone of the Logtown Ridge formation, and serpentine. Gold has also been recovered from foothill copper-zinc ore deposits which are located in the same approximate geographic position as the West Belt.

Hodson, three miles northwest of Copperopolis, has been an important gold-producing district in the West Belt. There the veins range from 2 to 20 feet in thickness. The ore generally contains less than a third of an ounce of gold per ton, but the ore bodies are extensive. Adjacent to some of the Hodson veins are stockworks of auriferous greenstone similar to the gray ore of the Mother Lode, notably at the Royal and Mountain King mines. The gray ore consists of pyrite-ankerite-sericite rock that has resulted from the hydrothermal alteration of metavolcanic rocks of the Logtown Ridge formation.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

34 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: flexible fibers; fibrous crystals
Colour: white to palegren
Reference: Pohl, D. et al. (1982): Ferroaxinite from New Melones Lake, Calaveras County, California, a remarkable new locality. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 293-302
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Pohl, D. et al (1982): Ferroaxinite from New Melones Lake, Calaveras County, California, a remarkable new locality. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 293-302
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Occurs as stains on quartz.
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10102701.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Reference: Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 320; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213, 411.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310580.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pohl, D. et al. (1982): Ferroaxinite from New Melones Lake, Calaveras County, California, a remarkable new locality. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 293-302
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310580.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10097012.
'Orthochrysotile'
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: gel-like
Colour: palebrown to orange
Reference: Pohl, D. et al. (1982): Ferroaxinite from New Melones Lake, Calaveras County, California, a remarkable new locality. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 293-302
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Colour: Light brownish gray
Reference: Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 320; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213, 411; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10097012.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Taliaferro, Nicholas Lloyd & A.J. Solari (1943a), Manganese deposits of the Sierra Nevada: their genesis and metamorphism: California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 125: 326-327; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 106; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 41-42.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: A component of the hanging wall rocks.
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10102648.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310580.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Pohl, D. et al. (1982): Ferroaxinite from New Melones Lake, Calaveras County, California, a remarkable new locality. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 293-302
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310580.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Orthochrysotile'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthochrysotile'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O RutileTiO2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

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