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Erlenbach Mine, Lontzen, Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Erlenbach MineMine (Reclaimed)
LontzenMunicipality
LiègeProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 41' 28'' North , 5° 58' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Reclaimed) - last checked 2020
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lontzen4,862 (2011)2.8km
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)3.4km
La Calamine10,232 (2011)4.1km
Plombières9,596 (2011)5.1km
Baelen3,928 (2011)6.7km


Ancient Zn Mine between the Eschbroich Mine and Mützhagen mine.

The works in the Erlenbach quarry Lontzen during World War II (1940-1945).

50 m west of the Erlenbach estate, between the Lütticher Straße and the Herzogenweg, excavations were started in November 1940 by the "Stolberger Zinc Works". 20-30 miners were working in three shifts.
The required tools and machinery were usually dismantled at the mine site in Lontzen and transported by heavy horse-drawn wagons to the Erlenbach site.
As for the mine site, we can say that the small mine site barely stood out from the street. The high shaft tower with two baskets was the most striking.
In the occupied hangars, built from corrugated metal plates, several materials were stored. These hangars served as engine room and forge, as pumping chamber and ore storage. The compressor and the transformer were also housed therein. 100 meters to the northwest stood the dynamite bunker, which was buried in the ground. The air shaft was located about 50 meters to the north. In the first year, the shaft had reached a depth of 15 meters.
At this level, a bit of blende was mined.
The detected ore was found as a layer having a thickness of 15 cm, the layer was a meter wide and 15 meters long.
After further drilling in 1941 to a depth of 35 m, the water suddenly rose by 9 m. They decided to install heavy pumps to pump the water out of the shaft.
The mined blende was dumped on the local "Halde" (dump).
Note here that no cargo of blende was ever carried off-site.
The works were continued until the end of the war.
Immediately thereafter, the shaft was closed and filled up and all the materials stayed behind on the grounds.

(Told by the tenant and farmer of Hof Erlenbach, at that time, Mr. Jean Xhonneux.)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: François Wouters collection
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Hetaerolite var. Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: botryoidal banded masses
Colour: beige to black
Description: The Erlenbach mine produced mostly galena and smithsonite. Schalenblende was found only rarely on the dump.
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Sphalerite var. Schalenblende
Habit: botryoidal banded masses
Colour: beige to black
Description: The Erlenbach mine produced mostly galena and smithsonite. Schalenblende was found only rarely on the dump.
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Michel BLONDIEAU, Stéphane PUCCIO, Frédéric HATERT (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège)

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var. Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var. Hydrohetaerolite7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sphalerite
var. Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hetaerolite var. HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O Hetaerolite var. HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Hetaerolite var. HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn Hetaerolite var. HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
de Ruiter, Dr. G. (1980) Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne. Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, 27, 1-15.
Blondieau, Michel, Puccio, Stéphane, Hatert, Frédéric (2018) Minéralogie du puits de recherche plomb-zinc situé près de la ferme Erlenbach à Lontzen (Lontzen, Province de Liège). Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 85, 22-55.
Jungbluth, I. (2015) Kelmiser Geschichten, Die Pavei - unsere Lebensader - gestern und heute, 109-111.

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