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La Grotta Cutrona (Cutrona lava tube), Mount Etna, Etna Volcanic Complex, Metropolitan City of Catania, Sicily, Italyi
Regional Level Types
La Grotta Cutrona (Cutrona lava tube)- not defined -
Mount EtnaVolcano
Etna Volcanic ComplexComplex
Metropolitan City of CataniaMetropolitan City
SicilyAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° North , 14° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~1km
Name(s) in local language(s):
La Grotta Cutrona


Lava tube. Some minerals have subsequently dissolved.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Picromerite7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O TenoriteCuO
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
NaSodium
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SSulfur
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K SylviteKCl
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu TenoriteCuO

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Forti, P., Giudice, G., Marino, A., Rossi, A. (1994) La Grotta Cutrona (MC1) sul Monte Etna e i suoi speleotemi metastabili. Atti Congresso Regionale di Speleologia, Catania, 125–151; Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, 27 (348), 125–151.
Forti, P. (2005) Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 67, 1, 3-13.
Barone, G., Mazzoleni, P., Priolo, G. (2015) Catalogo delle mineralizzazioni secondarie riscontrate all'interno di alcune grotte vulcaniche etnee. In: De Nitto, L., Maurano, F., Parise, M., eds., Atti XXII Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia Euro Speleo Forum 2015 “Condividere i dati”, 2 giugno 2015 Pertosa-Auletta (SA). Memorie dell’Istituto Italiano di Speleologia, serie II, vol. 29, Sessione documentazione – A1, 99-109.

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