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Topaz quarry, Kotka, Southern Finland Region, Finland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 60° 34' 36'' North , 26° 53' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 60.57667,26.89778
GeoHash:G#: udg0s5dke
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Kotkan topaasilouhos, Kotka, Etelä-Suomen alue (Södra Finlands region), Suomi


Topaz-bearing stockscheider pegmatite in Kymi granite stock.

Regions containing this locality

Wyborg batholith, Kouvola, Southern Finland Region, Finland

Batholith - 161 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


49 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. (2011): Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti. 2011(4): 6-23 Mineral
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
'Biotite'
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Joel Dyer collection
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Microlite Group
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Jyrki Autio photo & specimen, photo-794913
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011 Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Löllingite'2.EB.15aFeAs2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
'Hydrokenoralstonite'3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Prosopite'3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Böhmite'4.FE.15AlO(OH)
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Columbite-(Fe)'4.DB.35FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Mn)'4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Euxenite-(Y)'4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Ferrowodginite'4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ixiolite'4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
'Tantalite-(Mn)'4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Synchysite-(Y)'5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Monazite-(Ce)'8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Xenotime-(Y)'8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Berthierine'9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
'Bertrandite'9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Phenakite'9.AA.05Be2SiO4
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Topaz'9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Vermiculite'9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Microlite Group8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Pyrochlore Group8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
PbLead
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Calymmian - Statherian
1400 - 1800 Ma



ID: 635220
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: granitic

Age: Proterozoic (1400 - 1800 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Dala-Rapakivi Domain

Comments: Magmatic arc/suite; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Rapakivi granite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Statherian
1600 - 1800 Ma



ID: 3185627
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Statherian (1600 - 1800 Ma)

Comments: Rapakivi Granite

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3156040
Proterozoic I granite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granite}, Minor{monzonite,syenite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Haapala, I., & Lukkari, S. (2005). Petrological and geochemical evolution of the Kymi stock, a topaz granite cupola within the Wiborg rapakivi batholith, Finland. Lithos, 80 (1), 347-362.
Lahti, Seppo I. (2011): Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti. 2011(4): 6-23


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