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Collins Valley serpentine mine, Nelson Region, New Zealandi
Regional Level Types
Collins Valley serpentine mineMine
Nelson RegionRegion
New ZealandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 9' 22'' South , 173° 32' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Havelock504 (2011)23.8km
Nelson59,200 (2014)24.7km
Richmond14,000 (2011)35.5km
Mapua1,819 (2011)38.0km
Picton3,000 (2017)42.1km


A quarry operating during the 1970's producing crushed serpentine for agricultural application.

The quarry is 35 kilometres by road, on a hillside above, and a few hundred metres north of State Highway 6 at the western end of Collins Valley. Serpentine was mined by Highways Construction Ltd (a subsidiary of Transport (Nelson) Ltd) between 1979-1980 for crushed lime, transported and used on farmland in the Rai Valley, a short distance to the east. The operation was uneconomic, the mine closed, and plant was dismantled.

The geology information refers to a road cut on State Highway 6, on trend, less than 500 metres south of the quarry. It is likely the quarry geology is similar.

The site is part of an ultramafic belt stretching from D'Urville Island in the north, for 90 kilometres south-west. The road cuts revealed serpentinite in contact with spilite and greywacke. The rocks are part of a steep dipping, faulted and sheared, north north-east trending zone. The serpentinite has been crushed and re-cemented, and shows as a western and eastern body, with smaller serpentinite bodies between.

The dominant rock is greywacke, as fine tuffaceous sandstone, and minor argillite, with pumpellyite flakes, prehnite veins, un-twinned albite,and minor chlorite and epidote. Microscopic small radiolarian-like orbs were seen in some of the material (?).

Spilite shows as pyroxene, or less abundant shattered titanaugite, with epidote and pumpellyite fine grained masses, and ilmenite skeletal crystals.

The serpentinite is crushed and re-cemented with hydrogrossular, with minor chromite, and magnetite. Antigorite dominates the material when tested, with prehnite and aragonite veins, with lesser chrysotile and lizardite. Minor steatite lenses and pods occur within the serpentinite, the majority consisting of talc.

There is a black amphibolite body as part of the site, consisting of green hornblende, epidote, serpentinite, euhedral titanite, and minor apatite and prehnite veins.




Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Augite var. Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Tim Saunderson collection
'Manganese Oxides var. Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Tim Saunderson collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Talc var. Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var. Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var. Manganese Dendrites'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var. Titanian Augite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var. Manganese Dendrites'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Talc
var. Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Journal of the Nelson and Marlborough Historical Societies (1989) 2. Crushed Lime, Vol. 2:3.

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